KT Chang>试卷(2014/11/24)

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94 年 - 94年台北市國中教師甄試英文科#18068 

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1.21. Advances in technology occur at such a fast pace that dictionaries have difficulty incorporating the __________ that emerge as names for new inventions.
(A) clichés
(B) neologisms
(C) euphemisms
(D) compensations
2.22. The mayor felt an __________ with all who suffered; their pains were his pains.
(A) import
(B) oblivion
(C) ecstasy
(D) affinity
3.23. A mystery unsolved, subject to endless speculation, has the power to haunt us as long as memory persists, as long as the human animal retains its power to sip Chardonnay and __________ life’s enigmas.
(A) motivate
(B) contemplate
(C) dispose
(D) dispense
4.24. Two giant toads were married in a traditional Hindu ceremony in eastern India by villagers hoping to __________ the rain gods and end a dry spell.
(A) proscribe
(B) initiate
(C) propitiate
(D) cater
5.25. More than a fifth of the planet’s bird species face extinction as humans venture further into their habitats and introduce alien __________ .
(A) dwellers
(B) predators
(C) drifters
(D) mariners
6.26. Some soldiers are __________ kids. A general was afraid these men in uniform are incapable of fighting.
(A) tolerated
(B) pampered
(C) abandoned
(D) smothered
7.27. The U.S. has raised the possibility of __________ more international troops to Haiti ahead of general elections for returning the Caribbean country to stability.
(A) dispersing
(B) extracting
(C) dispatching
(D) extinguishing
8.28. While it is not quite the days of the dot-com boom, when companies lure graduates with promises of six-figure salaries and ping-pong tables in the workplace, corporate __________ are once again combing campuses for the best of the Class of 2005.
(A) advisors
(B) employees
(C) recruiters
(D) defendants
9.29. In the deciding game that stayed close the entire 48 minutes, the Detroit Pistons __________ their experience and played with calmness and poise down the stretch to defeat the Miami Heat 88-82.
(A) granted
(B) pleaded
(C) assembled
(D) summoned
10.30. __________ of high level Chinese officials are relatively rare, but they have been the source of valuable intelligence about the communist regime and an embarrassment to Beijing.
(A) Defections
(B) Fractions
(C) Discriminations
(D) Improvisations
11.31. Because the man was an __________ criminal, he was sentenced to life imprisonment.
(A) incorrigible
(B) incipient
(C) infallible
(D) indigenous
12.32. Mrs. Jones was awarded $15,000 monthly __________ by the court when she was divorced from her husband.
(A) alimony
(B) reticence
(C) nepotism
(D) ordinance
13.33. The invention of the radio has helped propagandists to __________ their favorite doctrines very easily.
(A) mutilate
(B) disseminate
(C) garnish
(D) liquidate
14.34. The student read many recondite books in order to obtain the material for his scholarly thesis.
(A) profound
(B) relevant
(C) literate
(D) conclusive
15.35. In their stories of the trial, the reporters ridiculed the magniloquent speeches of the defense attorney.
(A) boastful
(B) unplanned
(C) brilliant
(D) sentimental
16.36. At least 30 people have been killed in the latest accident to befall China’s notoriously unsafe mining industry, officials and state media reported.
(A) conspire
(B) happen to
(C) furnish
(D) conduce to
17.37. “Human cloning is not only ethically outrageous and medically dangerous, but technically impossible as well,” said South Korean cloning pioneer Hwang Woo-Suk.
(A) offensive
(B) outright
(C) righteous
(D) prostrate
18.38. I realized belatedly that staying in the village might be a better option in the summer, with a rental car, than in the fall, when I was there.
(A) in advance
(B) actually
(C) too late
(D) suddenly
19.39. I was drawn to their Heart of France language school by its user-friendly website, which opens with a beautiful panoramic view of the hilltop town surrounded by vineyards.
(A) palpable
(B) chronic
(C) complete
(D) original
20.40. Persuading Japanese bureaucrats and businessmen to loosen their collars and shed their cravats may prove tough if the first day of a government “Cool Biz” campaign to save energy and fight global warming is anything to go by.
(A) sleeves
(B) shirts
(C) garments
(D) neckties
21.Comics in America have broadened their appeal by marketing to adults. Prior to World War II, usually only 41 bought comics. During World War II, the comic book industry in the United States began to undergo a major change. When the war started, the government 42 the comics industry in order to take advantage of their powerful propaganda effects, regulating 43 for purposes of military defense. By the time the war was over, thetaste for comic books 44 the adult population. Publishers from this point on expanded this 45 of the market, which was to become the largest sales increase in the history of the comics industry. The editor of Exciting Comics, Ed O’Donnell, was important in extending the success of this marketing drive. He reorganized comic drawing to encourage artists’ innovation. The market had declined slightly since the late forties. O’Donnell, against conventions, hired 46 illustrators. He abandoned the low-budget publication, a step considered risky to his peers in the publication industry; however, his 47 environment for artistic creation eventually proved successful. Kenny Barby was one of the artists that helped 48 the most innovative titles to come out of Exciting Comics. He insisted on revising the concept of the comic book 49 ; he proposed to create characters designed to capture markets that had previously not been successfully 50 by comic books. This revolutionary idea laid the foundation for the now thriving market for sophisticated adult-oriented comic books.
【題組】41.
(A) males
(B) civilians
(C) officials
(D) adolescents
22.【題組】42.
(A) initiated
(B) evaluated
(C) subsidized
(D) mitigated
23.43.
(A) us
(B) you
(C) them
(D) which
24.Comics in America have broadened their appeal by marketing to adults. Prior to World War II, usually only 41 bought comics. During World War II, the comic book industry in the United States began to undergo a major change. When the war started, the government 42 the comics industry in order to take advantage of their powerful propaganda effects, regulating 43 for purposes of military defense. By the time the war was over, thetaste for comic books 44 the adult population. Publishers from this point on expanded this 45 of the market, which was to become the largest sales increase in the history of the comics industry. The editor of Exciting Comics, Ed O’Donnell, was important in extending the success of this marketing drive. He reorganized comic drawing to encourage artists’ innovation. The market had declined slightly since the late forties. O’Donnell, against conventions, hired 46 illustrators. He abandoned the low-budget publication, a step considered risky to his peers in the publication industry; however, his 47 environment for artistic creation eventually proved successful. Kenny Barby was one of the artists that helped 48 the most innovative titles to come out of Exciting Comics. He insisted on revising the concept of the comic book 49 ; he proposed to create characters designed to capture markets that had previously not been successfully 50 by comic books. This revolutionary idea laid the foundation for the now thriving market for sophisticated adult-oriented comic books.
【題組】44.
(A) reached
(B) had reached
(C) have reached
(D) having reached
25.【題組】45.
(A) havoc
(B) effigy
(C) portion
(D) demeanor
26.【題組】46.
(A) tacit
(B) adroit
(C) innate
(D) spurious
27.【題組】47.
(A) benign
(B) sporadic
(C) transient
(D) indolent
28.【題組】48.
(A) spawn
(B) obviate
(C) reproach
(D) conjecture
29.【題組】49.
(A) arbitrarily
(B) radically
(C) implicitly
(D) precociously
30.【題組】50.
(A) aborted
(B) retorted
(C) explored
(D) terminated
31.If you already feel inside you the urge of self-expression, then the first thing that you have to do is to study the means of expressing yourself. You will have to study very carefully the English language and especially its grammar. Although most people do not understand the art of good writing, they unconsciously assimilate more easily ideas which are expressed in correct English. It should be pointed out also that good English is not necessarily flowery English, and the simple phrase—which looks so easy to write—is often the most difficult to construct. I cannot stress too strongly the desirability of writing your sentences word by word and not phrase by phrase. Many writers fail to get their ideas across to the public solely because they use expressions whose meaning has been killed by repetition.
【題組】51. Which of the following is the best title for the passage?
(A) The Curse of Triteness
(B) The Art of Writing
(C) Flowery English: Its Value
(D) Self-expression: An Essential to Writing
32.【題組】52. According to the passage, writing phrase by phrase is _______.
(A) indispensable
(B) economical
(C) undesirable
(D) easily assimilated
33.【題組】53. Correct English, according to the passage, _______.
(A) stresses use of flowery language
(B) assists understanding of ideas
(C) is best secured through repetition
(D) is secured through trite phrases
34.Many observers have commented on what seems to be the fact that fear plays a much smaller part than we should think it must in the life of an animal which lives dangerously. Terror he can know, and perhaps he knows it frequently. But it seems to last only a little longer than the immediate danger it helps him to avoid, instead of lingering, as in the human being it does, until it becomes a burden and a threat. The frightened bird resumes his song as soon as danger has passed and so does the frightened rabbit his games. It is almost as if they knew that “cowards die many times before their deaths; the valiant never taste of death but once.”
【題組】54. Which of the following is the best title for the passage?
(A) Animal Traits
(B) Fear in Animals
(C) The Nature of Courage
(D) A Comparison of Fear and Terror
35.【題組】55. The writer of the passage believes that _______.
(A) terror is a permanent form of fear
(B) fear is almost unknown in animals
(C) animals live less dangerously than men
(D) animals remember fear only a short time
36.【題組】56. “Cowards die many times before their deaths” most likely means _______ .
(A) the coward has several lives
(B) cowards many times wish they were dead
(C) many times the coward is almost caught in his misdeeds
(D) the coward’s frequent fears are often as bad as death
37.Any young writer who may imagine that the power of clear and concise literary expression comes by nature, cannot do better than study in Goldsmith’s writings the continual and minute alternations which the author considered necessary even after the first edition—sometimes when the second and third editions had been published. Many of these, especially in the poetical works, were merely improvements in sound, as suggested by a singularly sensitive ear. But the majority of the omissions and corrections were prompted by a careful taste, which abhorred everything redundant or slovenly. The English people are very fond of good English, and thus it is that couplets from “The Traveler” and “The Deserted Village” have come into the common stock of our language, and that sometimes not so much on account of the ideas they convey as through their singular precision of epithet and musical sound.
【題組】57. According to the passage, Goldsmith avoided _______ .
(A) criticism
(B) omissions
(C) alternations
(D) redundancy
38.【題組】58. “The Deserted Village” is known for its _______ .
(A) theme
(B) precision
(C) poetic beauty
(D) accuracy in describing facts
39.【題組】59. According to the author, by studying the work of Goldsmith, _______ .
(A) we learn to avoid making alternations
(B) we learn to avoid common language
(C) we see the importance of euphony in poetry
(D) we see the necessity for avoiding errors in first editions
40.【題組】60. According to the passage, Goldsmith made changes in this work because _______ .
(A) his work was reprinted
(B) his language lacked exuberance
(C) he was sensitive to criticism
(D) he was sensitive to the musical sound of words