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98 年 - 98年預官英文#16991 

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1.1. The mechanic checked everything; he was very _____ .
(A) extreme
(B) standard
(C) adequate
(D) thorough
2.2. Jack: Are you going to hit the road? I am so tired. 
    Tina: One more minute, please. 

(A) sleep
(B) leave
(C) show up
(D) sing
3.3. This test was pretty severe, wasn’t it?
(A) easy
(B) tricky
(C) ignorant
(D) hard to accomplish
4.4. That story is false; the writer has ______ the truth.
(A) amplified
(B) distorted
(C) attached
(D) radiated
5.5. The differences between identical twins are _____ .
(A) blurry
(B) minute
(C) visual
(D) large
6.6. The upward movement of the balloon held the spectators’ attention. They watched the balloon’s _______.
(A) ascent
(B) descent
(C) input
(D) output
7.7. The fireman has trouble _______ the fire.
(A) extinguish
(B) to extinguish
(C) extinguished
(D) extinguishing
8.8. My answer to the math question was different from Bill’s. There was ____ between our answers.
(A) a discrepancy
(B) a mechanism
(C) an interval
(D) an interior
9.9. General White: Major, would you turn in that report before noon? Major Bender: Certainly. I’ll have it by 1100 hours, sir.
(A) take
(B) give up
(C) finish
(D) submit
10.10. David never pays attention to parking signs. As a result, he has received ______ parking tickets.
(A) distinguished
(B) genuine
(C) independent
(D) numerous
11.11. After playing soccer, volleyball, and swimming, the children were ______ of energy. They had to take a nap.
(A) drained
(B) spread
(C) concluded
(D) exploded
12.12. A_____ occupies a position of authority and is usually addressed as “Your Honor.”
(A) court
(B) judge
(C) lawyer
(D) juryman
13.13. Children with parents who smoke are inclined _____ an increased risk of chronic lung disease later in life.
(A) undertake
(B) to undertake
(C) undertaking
(D) have undertaken
14.14. ______ can be classed into many different genres, and the criteria applied to such classifications have been changeable.
(A) Literary works that
(B) Since literary works
(C) That literary works
(D) Literary works
15.15. _______ the bandage with cool water before putting it on the burned area.
(A) Pour
(B) Maneuver
(C) Malfunction
(D) Saturate
16.16. I’m sure I can tell you Mike’s last name in just a minute. It’s on the tip of my tongue.
(A) be about to forget his last name
(B) be about to remember his last name
(C) be about to cause the confusion
(D) be about to give the extra payment
17.17. Never _____ a lamp too close to a curtain.
(A) set
(B) sit
(C) sat
(D) seat
18.18. No _____ had the telephone rung than the boy rushed to answer it.
(A) later
(B) more
(C) longer
(D) sooner
19.19. I don’t know how to play the violin;______ , the piano is in very poor condition.
(A) however
(B) beside
(C) moreover
(D) therefore
20.20. I ______ Lieutenant Colonel Wilson this morning, but I forgot.
(A) should call
(B) would call
(C) ought to have called
(D) am supposed to call
21.21. Almost all of the people at the meeting were in civilian clothes. ______ were wearing uniforms.
(A) Few
(B) Little
(C) A little
(D) Either
22.22. Which of the following sentences is correct?
(A) I am used to swimming in the morning.
(B) I am used to swim in the morning.
(C) I was used to swim in the morning.
(D) I used to swimming in the morning.
23.23. The currency of the United Kingdoms, the pound, has fallen in value by 30 percent _____ the dollar in the last two years.
(A) by
(B) with
(C) against
(D) on
24.24. Who do you _____ for a promotion?
(A) be considered the best candidate
(B) consider to be the best candidate
(C) the best candidate is considered
(D) consider the best candidate to be
25.25. _______ by a car, John was hospitalized.
(A) Hitting
(B) Hit
(C) Was hitting
(D) Was hit
26.26. The teacher asked the students ______ .
(A) either to write an assignment or give a presentation
(B) not only to write an assignment or give a presentation
(C) neither to write an assignment or give a presentation
(D) as well to write an assignment or give a presentation
27.27. We don’t know if she will do it.
(A) We don’t know how she will do it.
(B) We don’t know why she will do it.
(C) We don’t know whether she will do it.
(D) We don’t know where she will do it.
28.28. Since a commander cannot be familiar with the actions of every operation or individual under his control, he must depend on his staff members to keep him informed. If the information is incorrect or insufficient, he is inclined to make a poor decision. According to this paragraph, ________ .
(A) the staff makes decisions for the commander
(B) the commander does not make bad decisions
(C) the decisions are made on available information
(D) a commander knows all actions and individuals
29.
Questions 29-34 

         The moon is the earth’s only natural satellite. It has been the subject of study by people all over the world for thousands of years. Seen through a telescope, the moon presents a varied landscape to astronomers. From observations using powerful telescopes, analysis of photographs taken by artificial satellites, and information gathered by astronauts who have actually walked on the moon, we know that the surface of the 
moon consists of rock and dust. Rock samples brought back by U.S. astronauts can be seen at the National
(A)ir and Space Museum in Washington, D.C. 
         Many of the moon’s surface features are areas which were thought to be water by early astronomers. We know now, however, that the “seas” on the moon are not bodies of water, but craters formed when the moon was hit by meteors. 
         There is no atmosphere or water on the moon. No life forms have been found on the moon, either. Astronauts must wear pressurized space suits while on the moon since there is no atmosphere with oxygen. The pulling force of the moon’s gravity is only one-sixth that of earth’s, so a person weighs six times less on the moon than on earth. 
         Like the earth, the moon depends on the sun for its heat and light. Due to the lack of atmosphere, temperatures on the moon vary widely, from 214 °F on the side facing the sun to about −250 °F on the side facing away from the sun. The moon “shines” because sunlight which strikes the moon is reflected. 

【題組】29. _______ are people who study the moon, stars, and other planets through telescopes and by analyzing photographs.
(A) Analysts
(B) Astronauts
(C) Astronomers
(D) Assistants
30.【題組】30. Studies by scientists ________ that the surface of the moon is rocky and dusty.
(A) indicate
(B) suggest
(C) deny
(D) ignore
31.【題組】31.
(A)stronauts are people who travel _______ . A by boat
(B) to islands
(C) in space
(D) on foot
32.【題組】32. Craters were formed when _______ hit the moon.
(A) bodies
(B) meteors
(C) water
(D) mud
33.【題組】33. A car could weigh ______ on the moon as it does on earth.
(A) one-sixth as much
(B) six times more
(C) the same
(D) one-fifth as much
34.【題組】34. Neither the earth nor the moon _________.
(A) shines from light reflected by the sun
(B) is composed of burning gases like the sun
(C) exerts the force of gravity
(D) finds life forms
35.
Questions 35-40 

         The OCS (Officer Candidate School) program provides 16 weeks of officer candidate indoctrination and training at the Naval Education and Training Center, Newport, Rhode Island. The program is open to male and female personnel except for the nuclear power program (submarine and surface) which is not open to women. Enlisted applicants in paygrades E-4 and below are designated officer candidates and advanced to E-5 upon reporting to OCS. Enlisted applicants in paygrades E-5 and above are designated officer candidates in their current paygrade. The curriculum is comprised of intense naval science and human relations management courses. 
         Generally eligibility requirements are: 
        (1) Be a U.S. citizen. 
        (2) Have a bachelor’s degree or higher from a regionally accredited college or university. 
        (3) Be at least 19 years old but less than 29 years of age at time of commissioning. 

【題組】 35. How long is the OCS program?
(A) 8 weeks
(B) 16 weeks
(C) 7 weeks
(D) 15 weeks
36.【題組】36. Where is the school?
(A) In Virginia State.
(B) At Newport, Rhode Island.
(C) In New York City.
(D) In Florida.
37.【題組】37. Which program cannot women attend?
(A) The physical training
(B) A bachelor’s degree course
(C) The subject of Physics
(D) The nuclear power program
38.【題組】38. What is the lowest paygrade for all OCS candidates?
(A) E-5
(B) E-4
(C) E-6
(D) E-7
39.【題組】39. What educational level is necessary to become a candidate for OCS?
(A) A college degree
(B) At least Level 15
(C) A Master’s degree
(D) A doctoral degree
40.【題組】40. What is the maximum age limit to be commissioned an officer?
(A) 31 years of age
(B) 27 years of age
(C) 29 years of age
(D) 40 years of age