4.Far from viewing Jefferson as a skeptical but enlightened intellectual, historians of the 1960's portrayed him as _____ thinker eager to fill the young with his political orthodoxy while censoring ideas he did not like.
(A) a cynical (B) a doctrinaire (C) an eclectic (D) a judicious
5.Since 1813 reaction to Jane Austen's novels has oscillated between ______ and condescension; but in general later writers have esteemed her works more highly than did most of her literary _______.
(A) dismissal…admirers (B) adoration…contemporaries
(C) disapproval…readers (D) indifference…followers
6.Experienced employers recognize that business students who can _______ different points of view are ultimately more effective as managers than are the brilliant and original students who _______ dogmatically to their own formulations.
(A) discredit…revert (B) advocate…relate
(C) impose…refer (D) assimilate…adhere
7.We accepted the theory that as people become more independent of one another, they begin to feel so isolated and lonely that freedom becomes _______ condition that most will seek to ______.
(A) a permanent…postpone (B) a negative…escape
(C) an irreparable…avoid (D) a political…im
8.The chances that a species will ______ are reduced if any vital function is restricted to a single kind of organ; ______ by itself possesses an enormous survival advantage.
(A) persist…redundancy (B) disappear…variety
(C) degenerate…complexity (D) flourish…symmetry
9.Unlike other creatures, who are shaped largely by their ______ environment, human beings are products of a culture accumulated over centuries, yet one that is constantly being _____ by massive infusions of new information from everywhere.
(A) immediate…transformed (B) surrounding…upheld
(C) harsh…unconfirmed (D) natural…superseded
10.In scientific inquiry it becomes a matter of duty to expose a ____ hypothesis to every possible kind of _______.
(A) well-established…rationalization (B) debatable…approximation
(C) tentative…examination (D) suspect…correlation
11.People should not be praised for their virtue if they lack the energy to be _____; in such cases, goodness is merely the effect of _______.
(A) wicked…indolence (B) cruel…effortlessness
(C) depraved…hesitation (D) iniquitous…impiety
12.French folktales almost always take place within the basic _____ that correspond to the _______ setting of peasant life: on the one hand, the household and village and on the other, the open road.
(A) contexts…hierarchical (B) narratives…ambivalent
(C) chronologies…generic (D) frameworks…dual
13.Borrowing a copyrighted book from a library amounts to a form of theft _____ by entrenched custom: the copyright owner's property; the book is used repeatedly without ______ for such use.
(A) engendered…application (B) anticipated…acknowledgment
(C) sanctioned…compensation (D) provoked…adjustment
14.The pressure of population on available resources is the key to understanding history; consequently, any historical writing that takes no cognizance of _______ facts is _____flawed.
(A) demographic…intrinsically (B) ecological…marginally
(C) cultural…substantively (D) psychological…philosophically
15.If duty is the natural _____ of one's _____ the course of future events, then people who are powerful have duty placed on them whether they like it or not.
(A) correlate…understanding of (B) outgrowth…control over
(C) determinant…involvement in (D) litigants…preoccupation with
17.Steve Jobs’ vision of the personal computer greatly expanded the number of people _____ the computer for business and for pleasure.
(A) actively used (B) were using actively
(C) actively using (D) who actively using
23._____ forsythia bushes is their tendency to remain free from pests and disease.
(A) It is an outstanding trait (B) An outstanding trait of
(C) They have an outstanding trait (D) Is an outstanding trait of
24.The greater the population there is in a locality, __________for water, transportation, and disposal of refuse.
(A) the greater the need there is (B) greater need
(C) is there great need (D) the great need
26.Most substances contract when they freeze so that the density of a substance's solid is _______ of its liquid.
(A) than the higher density (B) higher than the density
(C) the density is higher than that (D) the higher the density
27.An image on a national flag can symbolize political ideals that _______ express.
(A) take many words to otherwise would
(B) would take to many otherwise words
(C) many words to take would otherwise
(D) would otherwise take many words to
28.In 1784, the leaders of what would later become the state of Virginia gave up ______ to the territory that later became five different Midwestern states.
(A) any claim (B) when the claim (C) to claim (D) would claim
29.Not until Kentucky's Mammoth Cave had been completely explored in 1972 _____.
(A) when was its full extent realized (B) that its full extent realized
(C) was its full extent realized (D) the realization of its full extent
30.The knee is _____ most other joints in the body because it cannot twist without injury.
(A) more likely to be damaged than (B) likely to be more than damaged
(C) more than likely to be damaged (D) to be damaged more than likely