1.The (touchstone） of the filmmaker’s belief was film’s power to reveal situations and relationships by reproducing them within a representation of “real” space.
(A) essence (B) epitome (C) gauge (D) justification
5.Instrumental in securing the passage of child welfare legislation, British social reformer Thomas John Barnardo was a pioneer in the care of (destitute) children.
(A) retarded (B) needy (C) handicapped (D) stray
6.Global stock markets took another battering and remained _____, partly because of fears about euro-zone debt and increased tensions between North and South Korea.
(A) aqueous (B) bashful (C) circumspect (D) volatile
7.Financial reform in America moved closer. The Senate voted for a(n )_____ that got rid of an upfront $50 billion levy on banks to cover the cost of liquidations, requiring instead that they pay the bill afterwards.
(A) amendment (B) contrivance (C) equilibrium (D) repertory
8.The International Energy Agency warned that the steady climb in oil prices could _____ economic recovery. The price of oil recently touched an 18-month high of $87 a barrel.
(A) beseech (B) incite (C) ratify (D) hamper
15.Freezing preserves meat because _____, slows down the rate of enzyme action, and lowers the speed of spoilage.
(A) the growth of microorganisms is prevented
(B) preventing microorganisms from growing
(C) microorganisms are prevented from growing
(D) it prevents the growth of microorganisms
18.The principle of natural selection is often _____ “ the survival of the fittest,” a somewhat misleading phrase borrowed from the English philosopher, Herbert Spencer.
(A) summed up as (B) contrasted to
(C) compared with (D) described to be