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Jue-jing Chiang>试卷(2010/06/28)

# 2010 - 99台南縣大灣高中英文科#1975

item11.
The (touchstone） of the filmmaker’s belief was film’s power to reveal situations and relationships by reproducing them within a representation of “realspace.
(A) essence
(B) epitome
(C) gauge
(D) justification

ans：C

1F
Jue-jing Chiang Senior 32st (2010/06/28 15:15):

touchstone(n.) 試金石、檢驗、標準
epitome（n.）節錄、縮影、象徵

gauge

n. 名詞

1. 標準尺寸, 標準規格[U][C]

The amount of money one makes is not the only gauge of one's success. 掙錢的多少不是衡量一個人成功的唯一標準。

2. 測量儀器; 規, 錶, 計[C]

My car's gas gauge indicated that there was little gas left. 我車上的汽油表顯示剩下的油不多了。

3. 大小, 程度; 範圍; 容量[U]

This has gone beyond the gauge of her tolerance. 這已超出她的忍受範圍。

4. 估計(或判斷)方法[C]

5. (槍管)的口徑; (鐵道的)軌距[U][C]

A 12-gauge shotgun was found at the crime scene. 在犯罪現場發現了一支十二口徑的獵槍。

6. (金屬板等的)厚度; (鋼絲等的)直徑[U][C]

vt. 及物動詞

1. 量, 測

2. 估計, 判斷

The servant tried to gauge his master's mood. 那個僕人想揣測他主人的心思。

3. 給...定規格

item22.
The bird of paradise can be found on New Guinea and the （adjacentislands.
(A) neighboring
(B) surrounding
(C) tropical
(D) unpopulated

ans：A

1F
Grace Chen Senior 22st (2010/06/29 22:04):

2F
Grace Wang primary 62st (2014/07/02 11:40):
KK [əˋdʒesənt] DJ  [əˋdʒeisnt]

item33.
Mosquitoes usually lay eggs, singly or in batches, on top of (stagnant) water.
(A) redundant
(B) lavish
(C) motionless
(D) colorless

ans：C

note：vocabulary
2F
Jasmine Wu primary 62st (2012/05/06 20:25):
redundant 多餘的, 過剩的
3F
Jasmine Wu primary 62st (2012/05/06 20:26):
motionless 不動的, 靜止的
4F
Jasmine Wu primary 62st (2012/05/06 20:26):
stagnant 不流動的, 停滯的

item44.
When caged, raccoons are apt to be (slothful) and bored.
(A) fatigued
(B) indolent
(C) fretful
(D) skittish

ans：B

1F
Jue-jing Chiang Senior 32st (2010/06/28 15:22):

slothful（a.）怠惰的、懶散的

fatigued（a.）疲乏的

indolent(a.)

1. 懶惰的; 好逸惡勞的; 懶散的

an indolent worker 一個懶惰的工人

2. 【醫】小痛的; 無痛的

an indolent cyst 無痛囊腫

3. 【醫】進展緩慢的; 頑性的; 癒合緩慢的

an indolent ulcer 頑性潰瘍

an indolent tumor 進展緩慢的腫瘤

fretful(a.)煩惱的、焦躁的

skittish(a.)
1. 怯懦的

2. 易受驚嚇的

3. 輕佻的; 水性楊花的

2F

raccoon (n) 浣熊

item55.
Instrumental in securing the passage of child welfare legislation, British social reformer Thomas John Barnardo was a pioneer in the care of (destitute) children.
(A) retarded
(B) needy
(C) handicapped
(D) stray

ans：B

1F
Jue-jing Chiang Senior 32st (2010/06/28 15:23):
destitute(a.)
1. 缺乏的, 沒有的[F][(+of)]

The place is destitute of trees. 那地方沒有樹木。

2. 窮困的, 貧困的

3. 【廢】被拋棄的; 被捨棄的

item66.
Global stock markets took another battering and remained _____, partly because of fears about euro-zone debt and increased tensions between North and South Korea.
(A) aqueous
(B) bashful
(C) circumspect
(D) volatile

ans：D

1F
Jue-jing Chiang Senior 32st (2010/06/28 15:25):

aqueous (a.)水的

circumspect(a.)慎重的、謹慎小心的

volatile(a.)

1. (液體等)易揮發的

Gasoline is volatile. 汽油是易揮發的。

2. 易發作的; 爆炸性的

The situation in that area was tense, dangerous and volatile. 該地區的局勢緊張、危險, 且有一觸即發之勢。

3. 易變的; 反覆無常的; 輕浮的

4. 活潑的; 輕快的

2F
Kerry Hung Senior 32st (2010/08/18 00:09):

bashful 怕羞
3F
Jialin Li Senior 22st (2012/07/07 16:56):
Global stock markets took another battering and remained volatile, partly because of fears about euro-zone debt and increased tensions between North and South Korea.

item77.
Financial reform in America moved closer. The Senate voted for a(n )_____ that got rid of an upfront \$50 billion levy on banks to cover the cost of liquidations, requiring instead that they pay the bill afterwards.
(A) amendment
(B) contrivance
(C) equilibrium
(D) repertory

ans：A

note：vocabulary
1F
Jue-jing Chiang Senior 32st (2010/06/28 15:27):

amendment(a.)修正、改善、修正案

contrivance

n. 名詞

1. 發明物; 裝置, 器械[C]

a new contrivance for milking cows 一種擠牛奶的新機器

2. 發明; 設計; 發明(或設計)才能[U]

Some things are beyond human contrivance. 有些東西非人力所能創造。

3. 計謀, 手段[P]

equilibrium（n.）

1. 相稱; 平衡; 均衡

We must try to maintain the equilibrium of supply and demand. 我們必須努力保持供求均衡。

Certain ear diseases can affect one's equilibrium. 某些耳疾會影響人的平衡能力。

2. 均勢

I believe this state of equilibrium will be maintained. 我相信這個均勢將被維持。

3. (心情的)平靜

repertory (n.)

(演奏家, 劇團等的)保留節目彙演; 個人(或團體)的曲目(或戲目); 輪演保留劇目的劇團(或劇院)

2F

levy on sth.

1. 【律】扣押某物(迫使還債)

levy on sb.'s property, estate, etc. 扣押某人財產、地產等

3F

liquidation n.[U]
1. (債務的)償付, 了結; (公司等的)清盤

The bankrupt company went into liquidation. 這家破產公司停業清盤。

2. 殺害; 清洗; 消除

item88.
The International Energy Agency warned that the steady climb in oil prices could _____ economic recovery. The price of oil recently touched an 18-month high of \$87 a barrel.
(A) beseech
(B) incite
(C) ratify
(D) hamper

ans：D

note：Minimal pair
1F
Jue-jing Chiang Senior 32st (2010/06/28 15:30):
beseech(v.)

1. 懇求; 哀求[(+for)][O2]

He besought the judge to show mercy. 他央求法官寬恕。

2. 乞求, 急切地要求得到

beseech an audience 急切請求一次晉見機會

incite(v.)煽動、激勵 ~to

ratify(v.)批准、認可

2F
Jamie Wei Senior 22st (2012/05/03 21:34):
hamper 阻礙,障礙 v.
3F

beseech(v.)懇求; 哀求

incite(v.)煽動、激勵 ~to

ratify(v.)批准、認可

hamper 阻礙,障礙 v.

item99.
Being a person with little to say, John presented his views clearly and then _____into silence.
(A) relented
(B) relapsed
(C) withdrew
(D) thwarted

ans：C

4F

withdraw into something

to pull back into something. The turtle withdrew into its shell. The mouse withdrew into its hole.

5F

relapsed  似乎也可以耶
6F
Hsu Baleng Senior 12st (2014/05/21 10:20):

item1010.
You’ve heard of Earl Roberts, the oil _____, haven’t you? His company supplies practically all of the oil sold in this part of the country.
(A) tyrant
(B) tycoon
(C) hubbub

ans：B

1F
Jue-jing Chiang Senior 32st (2010/06/28 15:35):

hubbub(n.)吵鬧聲、騷動

2F
Lisa Ting Junior 31st (2012/03/10 11:04):

tyrant 暴君

tycoon 大君; 將軍; (企業界的)大亨; 巨頭

item1111.
The idea is a good one, Paul, but it is _____ with the subject under discussion now.
(A) incongruous
(B) impudent
(C) inconspicuous
(D) immutable

ans：A

1F
Jue-jing Chiang Senior 32st (2010/06/28 15:39):
incongruous  a.[(+with)]
1. 不合適的; 不適宜的; 不相稱的

A fur coat is incongruous with a bathing suit. 皮大衣和游泳衣配在一起很不相稱。

incongruous manners 失當的舉止

2. 不和諧的; 不協調的; 不一致的

Their acts are incongruous with their principles. 他們的行為與信奉的原則不一致。

incongruous colors 不協調的顏色

3. 前後不一致的; 有矛盾的

an incongruous story 前後不一致的故事

inconspicuous (a.) 不顯著、不引人注目的

2F
Lisa Ting Junior 31st (2012/03/10 11:01):

(A) in-congruous 不一致的

(B) impudent 厚顏無恥的; 放肆的; 無禮的

(C) in-conspicuous不顯著的; 不顯眼的, 不引人注目的

(D) im-mutable永遠不變的

item1212.
Both sides are determined to get what they want, and there seems to be no possibility of _____.
(A) discrimination
(B) antagonism
(C) compromise
(D) redundancy

ans：C

2F
Jue-jing Chiang Senior 32st (2012/11/23 15:34):

3F
Dex Shih Senior 31st (2013/03/23 16:01):

4F
Sharon Hu Junior 21st (2014/11/07 00:57):

item1313.
We are just claiming the rights that _____ belong to us; the right to education and the right to work.
(A) deciduously
(B) proportionately
(C) intentionally
(D) legitimately

ans：D

item1414.
Essentially, a theory is an abstract, symbolic representation of _____ reality.
(A) what it is received as
(B) that is being deceived
(C) what is conceived to be
(D) what perceives of

ans：C

1F
Jasmine Wu primary 62st (2012/04/15 08:36):
conceive 構想出, 想像, 設想
2F
Jue-jing Chiang Senior 32st (2013/01/09 08:50):
3F
Lisa Ting Junior 31st (2013/01/13 14:40):

conceive構想出, 想像, 設想

deceive欺騙, 蒙蔽

perceive察覺; 感知

item1515.
Freezing preserves meat because _____, slows down the rate of enzyme action, and lowers the speed of spoilage.
(A) the growth of microorganisms is prevented
(B) preventing microorganisms from growing
(C) microorganisms are prevented from growing
(D) it prevents the growth of microorganisms

ans：D

item1616.
He knows many celebrities in the movie industry and he _____ these connections to promote his own cosmetics business.
(A) figures out
(B) glosses over
(C) hooks up
(D) capitalizes on

ans：D

1F
Jue-jing Chiang Senior 32st (2010/06/28 15:43):

gloss over 掩飾、掩蓋

hook up with 和...有聯繫

capitalize on 利用

2F
Lisa Ting Junior 31st (2012/03/10 10:51):

item1717.
Americans are eating _____ vegetables per person today as they did in 1910.
(A) double as many
(B) what are twice as many
(C) twice as more
(D) more than three times the sum of

ans：A

1F

item1818.
The principle of natural selection is often _____ “ the survival of the fittest,” a somewhat misleading phrase borrowed from the English philosopher, Herbert Spencer.
(A) summed up as
(B) contrasted to
(C) compared with
(D) described to be

ans：A

2F
Lisa Ting Junior 31st (2012/01/02 11:26):

sum

1. 計算...的總和[(+up)]

2. 總結; 概括; 概述[(+up)]

The story may be summed up in one sentence.該故事可以用一句話來概括。

3F
Sharon Huang Senior 11st (2013/03/14 18:38):

described as?

4F
Dex Shih Senior 31st (2014/04/12 14:48):

item1919.
A Jack of all trades is master of none.
(A)富不過三代
(B)抽刀斷水水更流
(C)梧鼠五技而窮
(D)柳暗花明又一村

ans：C

1F
Jue-jing Chiang Senior 32st (2010/06/28 15:49):

2F

3F

item2020.
Give him an inch and he’ll take a yard.
(A)得寸進尺
(B)斤斤計較
(C)差之毫釐
(D)分秒不差

ans：A

3F

Yard 碼
4F
Rabpik Chen Senior 21st (2013/06/01 01:50):

to haggle over every ounce  斤斤計較

ounce  n. 盎司

5F
emlydiasam Junior 32st (2014/05/14 21:36):

item2121.
Death is the great leveler.
(A)死後萬人皆平等
(B)人皆有一死
(C)不自由毋寧死
(D)死輕如鴻毛

ans：A

note：vocabulary
1F
Jue-jing Chiang Senior 32st (2010/06/28 15:54):

Give me liberty or give me death.

2F
Paul Shih Senior 21st (2012/04/28 19:39):
Death makes everyone equal
3F
Jialin Li Senior 22st (2012/07/04 15:00):
level (a)同水平的, 同程度的

item2222.
Advice when most needed is least heeded.
(A)勿枉勿縱
(B)忠言逆耳
(C)有求必應
(D)天理難容

ans：B

 best ans! Irene Liu University 12st (2011/08/25 20:07): least hee.....View more content , Login

item2323.
One man with courage makes a majority.
(A)勇使一夫當關
(B)勇者無謀
(C)帥先士卒
(D)強將手下無弱兵

ans：A

item2424.
A covetous man is ever in want.
(A)貪婪者永不知足
(B)知禮者永不失言
(C)勤奮者永不匱乏
(D)勇者永不退縮

ans：A

1F
Lynn Hsieh Junior 32st (2012/06/03 19:56):
covetous垂涎的; 貪圖的; 渴望的[(+of)]

item2525.
The bull must be taken by the horns.
(A)本末倒置
(B)逆來順受
(C)勇往直前
(D)棄車保帥

ans：C

2F
Lisa Ting Junior 31st (2012/01/02 10:51):

X
The bull must be taken by the horns. (A)本末倒置???
3F
Jamie Wei Senior 22st (2012/05/17 11:40):
The bull must be taken by the horns means that when faced by perils or difficulties we should meet them fearlessly, not try to to evade them. 答案應該是C
4F

item2626.
The end must justify the means.
(A)只問過程不問結果
(B)臨時抱佛腳
(C)巧婦難為無米之炊
(D)為達目的不擇手段

ans：D

1F
Jue-jing Chiang Senior 32st (2010/06/28 15:58):

[Figurative] to embrace Buddha's feet in one's hour of need; to seek help at the last moment the hasty cramming

2F
Jue-jing Chiang Senior 32st (2010/06/28 15:59):

1. The cleverest housewife can't cook a meal without rice.

2. Nobody can accomplish anything without the necessary means.

3. One cannot make a silk purse out of a sow's ear.

3F
Pluie Yen Junior 32st (2013/05/22 20:55):
justify 為...辯護

item2727.
The leopard cannot change his spots.
(A)本性難移
(B)最毒婦人心
(C)轉移焦點
(D)水性楊花

ans：A

3F
Bonnie Chou Senior 11st (2012/03/01 22:21):
leopard~美洲豹
4F
Dex Shih Senior 31st (2012/08/26 07:28):
Definition of fickle : People who are fickle change their minds so much you can't rely on them.
5F
★~♫~♪~✽¸.•♥♥•.¸✽¸.•♥ Junior 22st (2013/11/08 13:26):
3. A leopard doesn't change its spots.

item2828.
Calamities always come of a moment’s intolerance.
(A)一粒老鼠屎壞了一鍋粥
(B)小不忍則亂大謀
(C)天機不可洩漏
(D)靈光乍現

ans：B

1F
Lisa Ting Junior 31st (2012/03/10 11:08):

Calamity災難int-olerance不寬

come of由...引起

2F
Dory Chao Junior 31st (2013/04/25 18:00):
KK [ɪnˋtɑlərəns] DJ [inˋtɔlərəns]

1. 不寬容   偏執, 偏狹; 無法忍受