2.The sentence The doctor the reporter the taxi driver called in the morning interviewed was summoned at once is grammatical
but hard to process. This is a good example of ___________________ in sentence processing.
(A) inadequate competence (B) performance limitations
(C) linguistic determinism (D) over-interpretation
3.The sentence John put the oven is not grammatical because it violates ________________.
(A) cooperative principles (B) internal reconstruction
(C) topicalization constraints (D) subcategorization frames
5.Describing a woman as obese is socially offensive. The expression such as big-boned is used as a substitution for obese. The
words or phrases that replace terms that may be seen as offensive are _____________________.
(A) graphemes (B) euphemisms (C) hypercorrections (D) lexical diffusions
6.Exposing students to large quantities of material with a wide range of topics and formats at the students' reading level and
interest is an example of ___________________________.
(A) cooperative learning (B) extensive reading (C) emergent literacy (D) field independence
7.If we want to know which morphosyntactic features of English are difficult to a learner and would like to include those difficult
parts in a curriculum specifically designed for that learner, we should give the learner _______________________.
(A) a proficiency test (B) a diagnostic test (C) an aptitude test (D) an achievement test
8.Mandarin-Chinese L2 learners of English sometimes produce a sentence like I don’t know where is he going because of the
incorrect application of the subject-auxiliary inversion rule. This is a representative example of ________________________.
(A) induced errors (B) substitution errors
(C) redundancy reduction (D) intralingual overgeneralization
9.To evaluate an item in a test, we can subtract the number in the bottom group of students who got the item right from the
number getting it right in the top group and divide this figure by the total number of papers in the top and bottom group
combined. By this procedure, we can understand the ____________________ of the item.
(A) reliability (B) validity (C) difficulty level (D) discrimination level
10.In a class, students first take part in a preliminary activity that introduces the topic (i.e., ordering food), the situation, and the
script that will subsequently appear in a role play. Then the students work in pairs with food ordering. Assessment is primarily
based on whether the intended meal is successfully ordered rather than on the accuracy of language forms. This is an example
(A) the audiolingual method (B) the direct method (C) task-based instruction (D) form-based instruction
11.Which is NOT a major claim of the whole language approach in reading instruction?
(A) Activities that involve interaction and interconnections between oral language (listening and speaking) and written
language (reading and speaking) are needed in a classroom.
(B) Classroom instruction was conducted exclusively in the target language without translation or the use of the learner’s native
(C) Teachers can encourage children to get from print just enough information to provide a basis for guessing at the gist.
(D) Learning to read and write can be as natural and effortless as learning to perceive and produce speech.
12.Which is the best example of an information gap activity?
(A) Learner A gives directions of picture drawing to Learner B. Learner B only does the action if Learner A says “Simon says”
(B) Learner A has a catalog of watches on sale. Learner B has a picture of the watch that he or she wants to buy. Without
looking at each other’s pictures, they work together to find out which watch that Learner A has best fits Learner B’s needs.
(C) Learner A, who knows how to read well, reads with Learner B, who can't read as well. They read a book together. Learner A
occasionally asks questions to check Learner B’s comprehension.
(D) Learner A and Learner B read a prepared text in unison and then take turns reading the lines. After practice, they stand
together on a stage and bring the script alive by using voice, facial expressions, and some gestures.
13.What is the best way to measure whether students understand common classroom expressions such as go back to your seat,
listen to me, and raise your hand?
(A) By peer-assessments.
(B) By paper and pencil tests.
(C) By observing their physical responses.
(D) By rating their oral fluency in structured tasks.
15.A teacher who is in favor of ____________ usually uses repetitive drills to teach structural patterns.
(A) Communicative Language Teaching
(B) the Grammar Translation Method
(C) the Audio-lingual Method
(D) the Direct Method
17.According to the Curriculum Guidelines of Elementary English Language Teaching and Learning of Taipei City, an English
teacher should put ________ of the focus on listening and speaking, and ____ on reading and writing, when teaching low
graders in Taipei City.
(A) 90%; 10% (B) 80%; 20% (C) 70%; 30% (D) 60%; 40%
Slang can be regional in that it is used only in a particular territory, but slang terms are often particular to a certain subculture, such as
music or video gaming. Nevertheless, slang expressions can spread outside their original areas to become commonly used, like "cool"
and "jive." While some words eventually lose their __18__ as slang (the word "mob", for example, began as a slang shortening of Latin
mobile vulgus), others continue to be considered as such by most speakers. When slang spreads beyond the group or subculture that
originally uses it, its original users often __19__ it with other, less-recognized terms to maintain group identity.
One use of slang is to __20__ social taboos, as mainstream language tends to shy away from evoking certain realities. For this reason,
slang vocabularies are particularly rich in certain __21__, such as violence, crime, drugs, and sex. Alternatively, slang can grow out of
mere familiarity with the things described. Among Californian wine connoisseurs (and other groups), for example, Cabernet Sauvignon
is often known as "Cab Sav," Chardonnay as "Chard" and so on; this means that naming the different wines expends less __22__ effort; it
also helps to indicate the user's familiarity with wine. 【題組】
18. (A) decoy (B) status (C) throes (D) reprisal
23.Advocates of gender-neutral language argue that language is rich in alternatives that speakers and writers, sensitive to attitudes and
beliefs of audiences, can use without __23__ on the effectiveness of their communication. They are also able to be true to their notions of
grammatical propriety. In some cases, gender-neutral language may be achieved through the use of gender-inclusive, gender-neutral or
__24__ words ("human being," "person," "individual," and so on) instead of gender-specific ones ("man," "woman," "he," "she,"
"businessman," "mother," etc.), when speaking of people whose gender is unknown, ambiguous, or unimportant. If no gender-inclusive
terms exist, new ones may be __25__ (e.g., "businessperson"). There may also be __26__ usage of existing gender-specific terms—for
example, "men and women" rather than "men and ladies," or "husband and wife" instead of "man and wife." Further, proponents of
gender-neutral language argue that making language less biased is not only __27__, but achievable. Many people find non-neutral
language to be offensive. 【題組】
23. (A) impinging (B) granulating (C) expatriating (D) commandeering
Since 1750, about the beginning of the Age of Steam, the earth’s population has more than tripled. This increase has not been an
evolutionary phenomenon with biological causes. Yet there was an evolution—it took place in the world’s economic organization. Thus
1,500,000,000 more human beings can now remain alive on the earth’s surface, can support themselves by working for others who in turn
work for them. This extraordinary tripling of human population is explained by the speeded-up economic unification which took place
during the same period. Thus most of us are now kept alive by this vast cooperative unified world society. Goods are now the great
travelers over the earth’s surface, far more than human beings. Endless streams of goods crisscross, as on Martian canals, with hardly an
inhabited spot on the globe unvisited.
Which of the following is the best title for the passage?
(A) The Age of Steam.
(B) Notable Biological Phenomena.
(C) World-wide Population Increase.
(D) Global Economic Interdependence.
30.【題組】According to the passage, the basic change which led to the greatly increased population concerns _____.
(A) biological factors
(B) economic sanctions
(C) an increase in travel
(D) the growth of world government