1.1 According to NAREIT (Yungmann and Taube, 2001), property insurance coverage should be based on fair
value, i.e., valuing assets at their current market values — actual, if available, or ......., if not.
(A) comparative (B) previous (C) projected (D) theoretical
2.2 Much of the fair value debate has had a technical focus on how to place fair values on assets for which no
market values ........
(A) apply (B) compare (C) exist (D) obtain
3.3 While the technical issues are important, the real driver should be improving ....... for users of financial
(A) opacity (B) redundancy (C) translucency (D) transparency
4.4 A single global standard will increase the ....... of financial presentations, which currently vary considerably.
(A) completeness (B) comprehension (C) consistency (D) control
5.5 A comprehensive standard ....... comparability across all types of financial institutions.
(A) correlates (B) facilitates (C) initiates (D) legislates
6.6 When accounting values for assets ....... from their underlying market values, some managements take
uneconomic actions to protect accounting performance measures.
(A) detract (B) distract (C) diverge (D) divide
7.7 For example, during the U.S. savings and loan crisis in the 1980s, many institutions ....... assets with market
values above book and continued to hold assets with book values above market.
(A) sold off (B) sold out (C) underwrote (D) wrote off
8.8 In hindsight, users of their financial statements were not well served by the accounting system ....... at the
(A) at hand (B) in place (C) on hold (D) underway
9.9 Fair value ....... argue that measuring financial assets as close as possible to their true underlying economic
values removes these perverse incentives.
(A) presentations (B) proponents (C) propositions (D) protocols
10.10 Users would also benefit from a clearer picture of the economic ....... of the enterprise.
(A) breath (B) health (C) heart (D) scene