1.31 Jenny and her husband, Jason, a county employee, were rescued by a government loan modification program that
kept their house out of______ .
(A) foreground (B) forecast (C)foreclosure (D) foreland
4.34 Seeing elderly people keep talking about their lives at the retirement home, Luke reminded himself not to
speak________ about his life experience when he became a senior citizen.
(A)precisely (B) defiantly (C)loquaciously (D) concisely
6.請依下文回答第 36 題至第 40 題
People have different types of worries about material goods, depending on their economic level. 36 , most
Americans desire a great number of material things: houses, furniture, computers, televisions, etc. They constantly
want to acquire more things. The phrase “ 37 ” means that Americans seek to have as many material goods as
their neighbors. Often, they feel dissatisfied if they don’t have the latest models of products. On the other hand, people
with 38 to spare may never think about buying the latest model of a car. They worry about 39 they can
fulfill their basic needs. 40 food, water, and other basics is what they worry about the most. After they satisfy
their basic needs, they may desire other material goods. Therefore, people of different economic levels have their own
types of worries 【題組】
36 (A) However (B) In contrast (C) Additionally (D) For example
11.請依下文回答第 41 題至第 45 題
Taking a snooze in mud may not sound very appealing to you. To a pig, however, a mud bath means coolness,
comfort, and protection from bothersome insects. 41 , a pig can’t buy insect repellent or sunscreen the way you
A thick coating of mud protects the pig’s sensitive skin from 42 and from the sun’s burning rays. The mud
also helps keep the animal cool. 43 very few sweat glands, pigs cannot cool off by sweating. On hot days, they
may pant as dogs do. But stretching out in cool mud is an even better way of 44 the heat of a summer afternoon.
Some people think that pigs are dirty animals because of their habit of bathing in mud. 45 , pigs are very
clean animals. Their relative, wild hogs, seek out clean, fresh water for cooling off. And when barnyard pigs are given
a choice, they prefer bathing in cool water to lying in the mud. Many farmers help their pigs beat the heat by giving
them frequent showers.
【題組】41 (A) After all (B) Therefore (C) At last (D) On the contrary
16.請依下文回答第 46 題至第 50 題
The Sherpas were nomadic people who first settled in Khumbu, Nepal. They are regarded as elite mountaineers
and experts in their local terrain. They were immeasurably valuable to early explorers of the Himalayan region, serving
as guides at the extreme altitudes of the peaks and passes in the region, particularly for expeditions to climb Mount
Everest. After Edmund Hillary and Sherpa Tenzing Norgay successfully reached the summit of Mount Everestin 1953,
the term “Sherpa” became a term for a faithful assistant, a porter, or a guide, regardless of their ethnicity.
“Sherpa” originally meant “people of the east.” The first Sherpas are believed to have walked from the eastern
slopes in the 16th century to reach the southern slopes of Mount Everest. In the remote village of the Khumbu valley,
the Sherpas’ traditional home, they formed their own special culture. Following their religious faith, they never tried to
climb until the steady stream of “high peak climbers” from the West made mountain climbing a profitable business.
But the Sherpas pay a high price for their special skills. Sherpas account for more than one-third of the people who are
killed on Mount Everest.
However, most of the 70,000 or so Sherpas in Nepal are not involved in mountain-climbing jobs. Some Sherpas
still carry goods across the mountains for trade with people in Tibet. The sudden arrival of westerners has brought
some of the comforts of modern life to the larger villages, so they might have telephone service and electricity. For the
most part, the Sherpas have kept most of the traditional lifestyle. The arrival of Westerners has also made the Sherpas
of Khumbu rich because the tourist economy produces more wealth. But is this better? The question from the principal
of a school reflected considerable concern about this: “If the trekkers do not come, where are the jobs?”
【題組】46 What is this passage mainly about?
(A) The cultural impact of the Sherpas (B) The evolution of the Sherpas
(C) The Sherpas as expert mountain climbers (D) The problems of mountain people
18.【題組】48 According to the passage, which of the following statements is NOT true?
(A) Some Sherpas in Nepal are not working as porters.
(B) Because of their faith, Sherpas never climb Mount Everest.
(C) Sherpas are able to work well even at very high altitudes.
(D) More than one-third of those who die climbing Mount Everest are Sherpas.
19.【題組】49 According to the passage, which of the following is true about Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay?
(A) They crossed the mountains to trade with people in Tibet.
(B) They brought telephone service to Sherpas.
(C) They climbed to the summit of Mount Everest.
(D) They first settled in Khumbu valley.