41.請依下文回答第 41 題至第 45 題
Katsushika Hokusai is a Japanese artist of the Edo period (1603-1868). Born in Edo, modern Tokyo, in 1760,
he is best known for the woodblock print series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji. The series, made in the 1830s,
depicted Mount Fuji from different locations and in different seasons. He created the series as a response to a
domestic travel boom and as a part of a personal obsession with Mount Fuji. Under the Wave off Kanagawa is the
most iconic work of the series. Portraying water is not easy, but Hokusai captured its decisive moments. What
enabled him to work in this way was his experience of residing in the Sumida area, with all its rivers and canals,
and observing the flow of the Sumida River day by day.
Hokusai was born in the Sumida district and lived there for almost 90 years. But he was never in one place
for long. He found cleaning distasteful and allowed dirt and grime to build up in his studio. When the place
became unbearable, he simply moved out. All told, the artist changed residences 93 times throughout his life.
Constantly seeking to produce better works, Hokusai once commented: "All that I have done before 70 is not
worth taking into account. At 75, I will have truly learned the pattern of nature, of animals, of trees and birds. At
80, I shall progress further. At 90, I shall penetrate the mystery of life itself. At 100 I shall be a marvelous artist.
When I am 110, each dot and line will possess a life of its own." Hokusai, however, never got to see whether his
prediction held true. He died at the age of 88. Prior to his death, he was said to have remarked: "If the son of
heaven gives me just another five years, I will become a true artisan."
During Hokusai's life, the Japanese government enforced isolationist policies to prevent foreigners from
entering and citizens from leaving. When Japan opened its boarders in the 1850s, Hokusai's works crossed the
ocean and influenced many Western artists such as Edgar Degas, Vincent van Gough, and Claude Monet.
Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji are particularly famous overseas. The composer Debussy was influenced by Under
the Wave off Kanagawa when he composed the symphonic works La Mer in 1905. The painter Henri Riviere was
also inspired and created a series of lithographs called the Thirty-six Views of the Eiffle Tower. In 1999 Hokusai
was the only Japanese person given a place in Life Magazine's "The 100 Most Important Events and People of the
Past 100 Years."
【題組】41 According to the passage, what is Hokusai most famous for?
(A)His cooperation with Debussy.
(B)His landscape prints of Mount Fuji.
(C)His exploration of the mystery of life.
(D)His interest in travelling throughout Japan.