2.32 Because of the mayor's _____, the city is on the verge of bankruptcy and has to raise the trash disposal fee, water
rates and sewer line rate.
(A) kindness (B) incompetence (C) intelligence (D) desensitization
11.請依下文回答第 41 題至第 45 題：
That, more or less, is how the story would run, I think, if a woman in Shakespeare's day had had Shakespeare's
genius. But for my part, I agree with the deceased bishop, if such he was— it is unthinkable that any woman in41 Shakespeare's genius. For genius like Shakespeare's is not born among 42 ,
uneducated, servile people. It was not born in England among the Saxons and the Britons. It is not born today among
the working classes. How, then, could it have been born among women whose work began, 43 Professor
Trevelyan, almost before they were out of the nursery, who were 44 to it by their parents and heed to it by all
the power of law and custom? Yet genius of a sort must have existed among women 45 it must have existed
among the working classes.
41 (A) had (B) have had (C) should have (D) should have had
16.請依下文回答第 46 題至第 50 題：
China completed the construction of the Qinghai-Tibet Railroad in 2006. This 1,142-km railroad line runs across
the snow-covered Plateau of Tibet, effectively linking the Tibetan capital, Lhasa, to the northwestern province of
Qinghai. Also known as the Pan-Himalayan Railroad, this record-breaking railroad rises to 5,072 meters, earning the
title as the world's highest passenger train with more than eighty percent of the track 13,000 feet or 3,962 meters above
The Qinghai-Tibet Railroad is a great engineering achievement. Since it was built at high altitudes, both engineers
and workers had to breathe bottled oxygen for fear of altitude sickness while working on the construction of the track.
Additionally, there were many other challenges they had to cope with, including the soil that can rise and sink as the
season changes. Some sections of track had to be laid on ground that is permanently frozen. Due to global warming, the
rising temperatures may cause this permafrost to melt, making the land sink to a lower level. The track may become
bent or curved as a consequence. Nevertheless, some smart countermeasures were taken so that the engineers managed
to cool off the roadbed by keeping the permafrost stable.
The cost savings to travelers resulting from the completion and operation of the Qinghai-Tibet Railroad are
tremendous. Compared with typical fares for direct air travel, a typical train fare between Beijing and Lhasa is much
cheaper. Moreover, travelers get to enjoy the magnificent sights and scenery along the way, making the long trip more
than worthwhile. It is hoped that with better linkage to the world, the tourism industry will play an increasingly
important role in Tibet's economy. 【題組】46 What is the main purpose of this passage?
(A) To compare two famous Chinese railroads.
(B) To explain a health hazard at high altitudes.
(C) To detail the process of constructing a railroad.
(D) To persuade travelers to take a train trip to Tibet.
17.【題組】47 Which of the following statements about the Qinghai-Tibet Railroad is NOT true according to this passage?
(A) It runs across high altitudes.
(B) It connects Lhasa with Qinghai.
(C) It causes the permafrost to melt.
(D) It marks an amazing engineering victory.
18.【題組】48 What does the word "permafrost" in the second paragraph most likely mean?
(A) A hard shiny metal that exists in the ground.
(B) A layer of soil and rock that stays icy forever.
(C) A place where water from a river falls down over a cliff.
(D) A straight surface that has one side higher than the other.
19.【題組】49 Which of the following is one of the challenges engineers and workers had to face during the construction of the
(A) Travelers from Beijing may suffer altitude sickness in Lhasa.
(B) The idea of a train trip is not as appealing as that of air travel.
(C) The tourism industry is impossible on the snow-covered permafrost.
(D) The railroad track may become bent or curved if frozen ground melts.
20.【題組】50 Which of the following statements can be inferred from this passage?
(A) The Qinghai-Tibet Railroad is a record holder in terms of the total length of its track.
(B) The completion of the Qinghai-Tibet Railroad is likely to enhance Tibet's tourism industry.
(C) Thousands of engineers died of altitude sickness while building the Qinghai-Tibet Railroad.
(D) The permafrost under the Qinghai-Tibet Railroad makes it necessary to breathe bottled oxygen.