11.請依下文回答第 11 題至第 15 題：
Do you often feel that “If anything can go wrong, it will go wrong”? If yes, then you are living under the
influence of Murphy’s Law.
Many people interpret this law as a pessimistic view of life. 11 the theory is a message of hope, a
call to excellence. In 1949, the US Air Force was running a test to study the human tolerance for G-forces
during rapid deceleration. Engineer Edward A. Murphy designed a special harness that had 16 sensors, each
of which could be installed in two ways. At the end of one crucial experiment, it was found that the sensors
provided a zero reading. Murphy’s assistant had installed all of them 12 , with each sensor wired
backwards. In a voice like thunder, the 13 engineer complained, “If there are two or more ways to do
something and one of those results in a catastrophe, then someone will do it that way!” This is the original
form of Murphy’s Law. Later Murphy 14 the sensors so that they could be installed in only one way.
As Murphy’s Law spread across the world, it was taken as a principle 15 pessimism. Murphy was
unhappy with this misinterpretation. The optimistic law aims to crystallize a principle: one should always
assume the worst scenario when designing objects and minimize human error.
【題組】11 (A)No wonder (B)In fact (C)For one thing (D)At least
16.請依下文回答第 16 題至第 20 題：
A corporation, TSheets, recently conducted a study of how many days of paid time off employees are
earning and just how many days these employees are not taking. There’s a pretty big difference between
these numbers – they’ve 16 that over 573 million vacation days go unused.
When we work for a company that actually provides paid time off, it really doesn’t make good personal
sense to abandon taking advantage of that particular benefit. As a matter of fact, skipping vacations can lead
to 17 on your health and well-being.
So, speaking of vacation days, how long is long enough? The consensus opinion is that even a 4-night
vacation is enough to lower stress and increase well-being that 18 weeks after your return to the job.
Once upon a time, folks counted down the days to Fridays at 5 when they could spend the next two days 19
the things in life that were not work-related in the least. How many 2-day weekends free from work-related
tasks, thoughts, or worries are you taking these days? If you are on-call or have a Smartphone or tablet or
other noose of communication, you probably don’t have “time” to stop the work-related time clock even
when you’re 20 the clock officially. If you can give yourself a full 4-day holiday from work, you’re
going to do a fairly good job getting work out of your system.
【題組】16 (A)entitled (B)estimated (C)evaluated (D)exhausted
21.請依下文回答第 21 題至第 25 題：
At 20, Sarah was shy but lived a normal life. Then, when her marriage broke up a year later, she
suddenly believed she was extremely ugly. “Sometimes I’d lie in bed all day because I couldn’t face the
mirrors in the bathroom,” she says. “If I did go out, I’d cover my face with my hands. If I saw myself in a
mirror, I’d burst into tears and run home.” After spending $35,000 in three years on cosmetic surgery, Sarah
saw a television program about body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) and recognized the symptoms. She saw Dr.
David Veale, an expert in BDD, and had two months in hospital and two months of daily therapy. Today, she
is coping with her condition.
BDD is an illness characterized by distorted body image—sufferers are affected by small or imagined
defects in their appearance. “It’s still underdiagnosed,” says Veale. “That’s dangerous as there’s a high rate of
suicide with it.” The condition affects one in 100 people, and some experts believe the number of sufferers is
growing fast, thanks to the increasing emphasis on physical perfection in society and the media. It often starts
in teenage years and can be triggered by stress, extreme teasing, or sexual abuse.
It affects as many men as women, particularly those who are sensitive, perfectionist or work in an
artistic field. It can take the form of a general feeling of ugliness or can focus on a particular body part, most
commonly the face. Sufferers may do everything they can to hide their “flaw” and can develop obsessive
rituals such as checking their appearance, adjusting their hair, or measuring the hated body part. They can
become addicted to cosmetic surgery or weightlifting.
Once established, BDD causes a change in the brain chemistry, particularly of the neurotransmitter
serotonin, which regulates happiness and satisfaction. The most effective treatment seems to be a
combination of cognitive therapy and a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor drug, such as Prozac.
【題組】21 What is this passage mainly about?
(A)Medical treatments of BDD. (B)How to deal with BDD.
(C)Obsession with feeling ugly. (D)Sarah and her unhappy marriage.
22.【題組】22 Which of the following is true about Sarah?
(A)She has been shy and unhappy since childhood.
(B)She recognized her problem accidentally.
(C)She went to see Dr. David Veale at the age of 21.
(D)She recovered from BDD in two months.
23.【題組】23 Why is the word “flaw” in the third paragraph put in quotation marks (“ ”)?
(A)To emphasize the idea of physical imperfection.
(B)To indicate that the defect may be imagined rather than real.
(C)To show how BDD causes a change in the brain chemistry.
(D)To explain why people with BDD develop obsessive rituals.
24.【題組】24 What is a person affected by BDD least likely to do?
(A)Think that their whole body is ugly.
(B)Turn to excessive exercise to look fit.
(C)Look in the mirror frequently to see how they look.
(D)Measure the body part that they find adorable.
25.【題組】25 Which of the following statements about BDD is NOT true?
(A)Men and women alike suffer from it.
(B)The media may play a part in causing it.
(C)It is fatal because there is no effective way to cure it.
(D)Artists are more likely to be affected by it than other people.
【非選題】 26.一、英譯中（25 分）
Negotiation is highly situational; what is effective in one context can be
disastrous in another. The question of whether negotiation and bargaining
will be effective as a tool in conflict resolution is also very much connected
to its context.
William Zartman, Professor Emeritus of Johns Hopkins University,
postulates that we need a push and a pull in order to start any negotiation
process and to create an outcome. The push is the “mutual hurting stalemate”
(MHS): a status quo that is painful for all the involved parties, to the extent
that they prefer a change, through negotiation, over the situation into which
they are locked. At the same time there should be a perceived way out of the
deadlock: the pull in the form of a “mutual enticing opportunity” (MEO).
We should note here that not everything is negotiable, but in cases
where there are structural problems instead of situational problems to be
solved, we might at least hope for mutual respect, such as the (in)famous
“Peaceful Coexistence” at the time of the Cold War, which might be called a
“mutual beneficial stalemate” (MBS) – beneficial and satisfactory as it
ensures a peaceful situation in such a way that the major powers can use the
stand-off to control their own “allies.”
Moreover, it has been suggested that it is the pre-negotiations period
which “enables parties to move from conflicting perceptions and behaviors
to co-operative perceptions and behaviors.” Indeed, pre-negotiations are a
necessary prerequisite for successful diplomatic negotiations; “not just a
definitional construct but a preparatory phase without which the negotiation
would not have taken place,” Zartman cautioned.