【站僕】摩檸Morning>試卷(2019/11/12)

高普考/三四等/高員級◆英文題庫 下載題庫

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1.1 To__________ your level of competency in speaking a foreign language, you need to practice it every day.
(A)drop
(B)violate
(C)assign
(D)maintain .

2.2 The body reacts to high levels of mercury, which have been linked to many __________such as muscle pain, hair loss, birth defects, and muscle fatigue.
(A)species
(B)spectrums
(C)stereotypes
(D)symptoms .

3.3 Hundreds of monkeys are __________free throughout the campus, approaching people and expecting to be fed.
(A)escorting
(B)roaming
(C)swamping
(D)tailgating .

4.4 Nowadays, those who possess better knowledge in technologies will have higher chance to be employed, because their ______ in the field will help companies to meet future needs.
(A)expertise
(B)avoidance
(C)surprise
(D)disinterest .

5. 5 About ten years ago, Roger came across the __________of his life; he was bankrupted, divorced and was diagnosed with cancer.
(A)nadir
(B)novice
(C)influence
(D)peace .

6.依下文回答第 6 題至第 10 題 You may believe that you have forgotten the mother tongue you spoke as a child, but your brain hasn't. That “forgotten” first language may well influence 6 goes on in your brain when you speak English or Japanese today. Researchers from McGill University and the Montreal Neurological Institute describe their discovery that even brief, early 7 to a language influences how the brain processes sounds from a second language later in life -- even when the first language learned is 8 spoken. It is an important finding because it tells scientists not only how the brain becomes wired for language, but also how that hardwiring can change and 9 over time in response to new language environments. The researchers believe that their findings speak to the unique and 10 influence of early language experience on later brain organization. The information may also be important for creating educational practices geared to different types of learners.
【題組】 6
(A)which
(B)what
(C)how
(D)where .

7.【題組】7
(A)escape
(B)expulsion
(C)evaluation
(D)exposure .

8.【題組】8
(A)no longer
(B)no sooner
(C)frequently
(D)lately .

9.【題組】9
(A)adopt
(B)adapt
(C)adorn
(D)adore .

10.【題組】10
(A)pending
(B)farming
(C)lasting
(D)checking .

11.依下文回答第 11 題至第 15 題 Communication is of basic importance within science itself. I think we would all agree that free communication is essential for progress in science, 11 there have been problems at the frontier with technology because in the world of commerce you cannot reveal everything you are doing. These frontier problems have been 12 in recent times; in many fields, my own of molecular biology 13 , the old openness has to some extent disappeared. Some of my younger colleagues do not want to talk in public about their work, because they think that if they speak about their own “secret,” somebody else will 14 it and make money out of it. Of course, this is only a partial view: science is also for the benefit of mankind. But the process of 15 knowledge from the academic world, with its tradition of openness, to the world of technology and commerce does present difficulties that have still not been resolved. In my view they are very serious problems.
【題組】 11
(A)even though
(B)so that
(C)of course
(D)in fact.

12.【題組】 12
(A)extradited
(B)exacerbated
(C)executed
(D)exonerated .

13.【題組】13
(A)in case
(B)on account
(C)on average
(D)in particular .

14.【題組】14
(A)expect
(B)exploit
(C)expend
(D)explode .

15.【題組】15
(A)transmitting
(B)transacting
(C)transcending
(D)transcribing .

16.依下文回答第 16 題至第 20 題 The concept of money laundering regulations goes back to ancient times and is intertwined with the development of money and banking. Money laundering is first seen with individuals hiding wealth from the government to avoid taxation or confiscation or a combination of both. Nowadays it has evolved into a complex and highly technical process of transforming profits from illegal activities into 16 “legitimate” assets without raising the suspicion of law enforcement agencies. After money has been suitably laundered or “cleaned,” it can be used in the mainstream economy for accumulation of wealth, such as acquisitions of properties, or otherwise spent. Many governments around the world have become increasingly 17 in their efforts to combat money laundering by passing anti-money-laundering regulations. These regulations require financial institutions to have systems in place to detect and report suspected money-laundering activities. Accordingly, law enforcement agencies of many jurisdictions have set up sophisticated systems in an effort to detect suspicious transactions or activities, and many have set up international cooperative arrangements to assist each other in these 18 . However, the use of the Internet allows money launderers to easily 19 detection. The rise of online banking institutions, anonymous online payment services, peer-to-peer transfers using mobile phones, and the use of virtual currencies such as Bitcoin have made detecting the illegal transfer of money even more difficult. Money can also be laundered through online auctions and sales, gambling websites, and even virtual gaming sites, where ill-gotten money is converted into gaming currency, then transferred back into real, usable, and 20 “clean” money. As money launderers attempt to keep one step ahead of law enforcement, international organizations and governments are continuing their team effort to find new ways to detect them.
【題組】 16
(A)considerably
(B)seemingly
(C)physically
(D)wickedly .

17.【題組】17
(A)compulsive
(B)formidable
(C)skeptical
(D)vigilant .

18.【題組】18
(A)alternatives
(B)endeavors
(C)incentives
(D)options .

19.【題組】19
(A)concede
(B)prompt
(C)skirt
(D)terminate .

20.【題組】20
(A)abnormal
(B)inadequate
(C)irreversible
(D)untraceable .

21.依下文回答第 21 題至第 25 題 Culture is a word that everyone is familiar with, but its precise meaning can be elusive. A useful definition by noted social scientist Geert Hofstede is that culture consists of shared mental programs that condition individuals’ responses to their environment. There are three levels involved in the mental programing: The deepest level--human nature--is based on common biological reactions, such as sex, drive, hunger and territoriality that all members of the human race have in common, even though they come from different cultures. The middle level--culture--is based on common experiences that we share with a particular group of our fellows. Cultural values, attitudes and assumptions about proper behavior give us something in common with a definable group of others, but not with all of them. The group may be a very large one, such as a national population, i.e. Japanese culture; or a very small one, i.e. the culture of the committee of a local parent-teacher association. The shallowest level--personality--is based on the specific genetic makeup and personal experiences that make each of us a unique individual. For example, we may be sociable or introverted, aggressive or submissive, and emotional or stable. We all have many behaviors and understandings that are quite different from those of others, even though we come from the same culture. Culture also has the following basic characteristics. First, culture is mental programming that a group has in common that is not normally available to people outside the group. Second, the mental programing of a group is learned by its members over long periods as they interact with the environment and with each other. Third, the mental programming involved is strong. People have a hard time escaping their culture even when they want to. Fourth, culture is not random as it is a system of values, attitudes, beliefs, and meanings that are related to each other and to the context. Last, much of culture is concealed. Besides immediate surface behaviors, such as body language, and physical artifacts like art, culture also involves the underlying values, social structures, and ways of thinking.
【題組】 21 What is the main purpose of the passage?
(A)To explain what culture means.
(B)To describe how culture may develop.
(C)To explicate what values culture may have.
(D)To discuss what potential effects culture may exert. .

22.【題組】22 Which of the following words is closest in meaning to “concealed” in the passage?
(A)private
(B)invisible
(C)mystical
(D)confusing .

23.【題組】23 According to the passage, which of the following may NOT be true?
(A)The middle level of mental programing is specific to groups.
(B)The deepest level of mental programing is universal and biological.
(C)The shallowest level of mental programing is shared by all individuals of the same culture.
(D)The surface features of individuals’ behaviors are often manifestations of mental programing. .

24.【題組】24 According to the passage, which of the following is correct about the features of culture?
(A)Culture is largely manifest.
(B)Culture is learned and enduring.
(C)Culture exerts mild influence on behavior.
(D)Culture is a random assortment of customs and behaviors. .

25.【題組】25 According to the passage, why may it be insufficient to observe only social behaviors if one wants to fully understand cultures?
(A)Because social behaviors are transient.
(B)Because social behaviors are too versatile.
(C)Because social behaviors are not observable.
(D)Because social behaviors only portray a small portion of cultures. .

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