whappy501>試卷(2019/12/18)

高普考/三四等/高員級◆英文題庫 下載題庫

108 年 - 108年特種考試地方政府公務人員考試考畢試題-英文#81210 

選擇:20題,非選:0題
立即測驗 
我要補題 回報試卷錯誤
1.31 Permanence, grandeur, deliberation, lucidity and calm are              virtues of the art of painting which have been emphasized by critics for centuries.
(A)paramount
(B)superfluous
(C)hedonic
(D)theological.

2.32 The job provides fantastic benefits, including insurance, meals, vacations, and              . Thus, a retirement plan is in place.
(A)tension
(B)ransom
(C)resume
(D)pension.

3.33 When you make a speech, you don’t really need to memorize everything. If you forget something, just             .
(A)compliment
(B)improvise
(C)recommend
(D)accomplish.

4.34 The teacher tells the students that the syllabus is subject to change. What the students get is a             one.
(A)permanent
(B)tentative
(C)verifiable
(D)temporal.

5.35 These never-before-published photos were captured by one of the first Western photographers             into the once-reclusive Japan after it opened to the world in the 1850s.
(A)allowed
(B)allow
(C)allowing
(D)to allow.

6.請依下文回答第 36 題至第 40 題 
     The Wu family moved to Vancouver, Canada in the early 1990s. As they were living in an English-speaking region of the country and hoped to ___36___ themselves more quickly to the new environment, they made up their mind by stopping using their native language and speaking only English at home. However, when the Wu children grew up and went back to their home country, China, the children had difficulty communicating with relatives there. At that time, they realized that it was a ___37___ for them not to make their children become bilingual. Linguistically speaking,the most ___38___ advantage of being bilingual is that those people will be able to communicate with more people around the world. They are more autonomous and do not need to rely on other people to understand other languages.Apart from this linguistic benefit, bilingual people have got the ___ 39___ over other people because they have a higher level of cultural and social awareness of another group of people. Knowing the vocabulary, idiomatic expressions, and even jokes of another language enhances people’s understanding of another culture. One more advantage of being bilingual is that people can gain global awareness. Different regions of the world can be more closely connected if mutual understanding between people of different nations can be achieved. ___40___ , lack of the ability to speak a second or third language can only result in miscommunication and even hostility among people. Since bilingualism offers people many assets at their disposal, it is always wise to learn to speak a second or third language.

【題組】36
(A)acclaim
(B)accustom
(C)caution
(D)conceal.

7.【題組】37
(A)merit
(B)default
(C)flaw
(D)intake.

8.【題組】38
(A)overt
(B)ruthless
(C)shrewd
(D)unbearable.

9.【題組】39
(A)margin
(B)edge
(C)corner
(D)angle.

10.【題組】40
(A)Eternally
(B)Adversely
(C)Bilaterally
(D)Conversely .

11.By most standards, Austin Jia holds an enviable position. A rising sophomore at Duke, Mr. Jia attends one of the top universities in the country, setting him up for success. 

With his high G.P.A., nearly perfect SAT score and activities — debate team, tennis captain and state orchestra — Mr. Jia believes he should have had a fair shot at Harvard, Princeton, Columbia and the University of Pennsylvania. However, those Ivy League colleges rejected him after he applied in the fall of 2015. 

It was particularly disturbing, Mr. Jia said, when classmates with lower scores than his — but who were not Asian-American, like him — were admitted to those Ivy League institutions. 

“My gut reaction was that I was super disillusioned by how the whole system was set up,” Mr. Jia, said. 

Students like Mr. Jia are now the subject of a lawsuit accusing Harvard of discriminating against Asian-Americans in admissions by imposing a penalty for their high achievement and giving preferences to other racial minorities.

【題組】41 According to the passage, which Ivy League colleges Mr. Jia did not apply for admission?
(A)Columbia.
(B)Harvard.
(C)Princeton.
(D)Yale..

12.【題組】42 How does Mr. Jia feel about the student-recruiting process of these Ivy League colleges?
(A)A bit disappointed.
(B)Greatly satisfied.
(C)Somewhat satisfied.
(D)Totally disappointed..

13.【題組】43 Which of the following does NOT apply to Mr. Jia?
(A)Scoring nearly perfectly in SAT.
(B)A tennis captain.
(C)A Harvard dropout.
(D)A Duke sophomore..

14.【題組】44 Which of the following groups of applicants – others being equal – has a better chance of being admitted to Harvard?
(A)African-American.
(B)Vietnamese-American.
(C)Korean-American.
(D)Japanese-American..

15.【題組】45 According to the passage, which of the following statements is NOT true?
(A)Austin Jia is a victim of his racial background.
(B)Duke, though not one of the Ivy League colleges, is one of the top universities in the US.
(C)Austin Jia is rejected owing to his unimpressive academic performance.
(D)Because of cases like Mr. Jia’s, Harvard is being accused of racial discrimination..

16.請依下文回答第 46 題至第 50 題 

     Throughout its long history, Earth has warmed and cooled time and again. Climate has changed when the planet received more or less sunlight due to subtle shifts in its orbit, as the atmosphere or surface changed, or when the Sun’s energy varied. 

     Global warming is the unusually rapid increase in Earth’s average surface temperature over the past century primarily due to the greenhouse gases released as people burn fossil fuels. The global average surface temperature rose 0.6 to 0.9 degrees Celsius (1.1 to 1.6°F) between 1906 and 2005, and the rate of temperature increase has nearly doubled in the last 50 years. Temperatures are certain to go up further. 

     Earth’s temperature begins with the Sun. Roughly 30 percent of incoming sunlight is reflected back into space by bright surfaces like clouds and ice. Of the remaining 70 percent, most is absorbed by the land and ocean, and the rest is absorbed by the atmosphere. The absorbed solar energy heats our planet. As the rocks, the air, and the seas warm, they radiate “heat” energy (thermal infrared radiation). From the surface, this energy travels into the atmosphere where much of it is absorbed by water vapor and long-lived greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and methane. When they absorb the energy radiating from Earth’s surface, microscopic water or greenhouse gas molecules turn into tiny heaters— like the bricks in a fireplace, they radiate heat even after the fire goes out. They radiate in all directions. The energy that radiates back toward Earth heats both the lower atmosphere and the surface, enhancing the heating they get from direct sunlight. This absorption and radiation of heat by the atmosphere—the natural greenhouse effect—is beneficial for life on Earth. If there were no greenhouse effect, the Earth’s average surface temperature would be a very chilly -18°C (0°F) instead of the comfortable 15°C (59°F) that it is today. 

     What has scientists concerned now is that over the past 250 years, humans have been artificially raising the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere at an ever-increasing rate, mostly by burning fossil fuels, but also from cutting down carbon-absorbing forests. Since the Industrial Revolution began in about 1750, carbon dioxide levels have increased nearly 38 percent as of 2009 and methane levels have increased 148 percent. The atmosphere today contains more greenhouse gas molecules, so more of the infrared energy emitted by the surface ends up being absorbed by the atmosphere. Since some of the extra energy from a warmer atmosphere radiates back down to the surface, Earth’s surface temperature rises.

【題組】46 What is the main idea of this article?
(A)Public reactions toward global warming and the greenhouse effects.
(B)How human beings cause global warming.
(C)Global warming and greenhouse effects on earth.
(D)Solutions of global warming and greenhouse effects..

17.【題組】47 What is the main factor causing greenhouse gases?
(A)Petroleum.
(B)Sunlight.
(C)Vapor.
(D)Carbon dioxide..

18.【題組】48 According to the second paragraph, which of the following is true?
(A)Sunlight is the main cause that increases the Earth’s temperature during the past 50 years.
(B)Gas using could be the main reason for the increase in global surface temperature.
(C)Clouds and ice cannot help the sunlight to reflect back into spaces.
(D)The rate of temperature increase has nearly doubled in the past two decades..

19.【題組】49 Which of the following has the closest meaning to “emitted”?
(A)exploited
(B)strained
(C)discharged
(D)garnered.

20.【題組】50 Which of the following is NOT true about this article?
(A)Global warming increases Earth’s average surface temperature.
(B)Without greenhouse effect, the Earth’s temperature would be much cooler.
(C)Burning fossil fuels and cutting down carbon-absorbing forests cause increasing greenhouse effect.
(D)Lands radiate “heat” energy due to natural greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide..

懸賞詳解

國一社會上第三次

28. 下列各項敘述何者錯誤? (A)社區總體營造是由經濟部所推 動的 (B)社區發展協會是內政部補助而成立的社區組織 (C) 個人文史工作室是屬於地方性的...

50 x

前往解題

108 年 - 108年特種考試地方政府公務人員考試考畢試題-英文#81210-阿摩線上測驗

108 年 - 108年特種考試地方政府公務人員考試考畢試題-英文#81210