(三)Please translate the following sentences based on International Regulations for
Preventing Collisions at Sea 1972 INTO CHINESE.
1. When 2 power-driven vessels are meeting on reciprocal or nearly reciprocal courses
so as to involve risk of collision each shall alter her course to starboard so that each
shall pass on the port side of the other.
【非選題】 5.【題組】2. Such a head-on situation shall be deemed to exist when a vessel sees the other ahead
or nearly ahead and by night she could see the masthead lights of the other in a line
or nearly in a line and/or both sidelights and by day she observes the corresponding
aspect of the other vessel.
(四)Please translate the following two paragraphs INTO CHINESE.
1. The mission of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) as a United Nations
specialized agency is to promote safe, secure, environmentally sound, efficient and
sustainable shipping through cooperation. This will be accomplished by adopting
the highest practicable standards of maritime safety and security, efficiency of
navigation and prevention and control of pollution from ships, as well as through the
effective implementation of IMO’s instruments.
【非選題】 8.【題組】2. The International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships
(MARPOL) aims at preventing and minimizing pollution from ships - both
accidental pollution and that from routine operations - and currently includes six
technical Annexes. Annex I contains the regulations for the prevention of pollution
by oil. Annex II involves the requirements for the control of pollution by noxious
liquid substances in bulk. Annex III deals with the prevention of pollution by
harmful substances carried by sea in packaged form. Annex IV contains the
regulations to control pollution of the sea by sewage. Annex V involves the
requirements for the prevention of pollution by garbage from ships. Annex VI deals
with the prevention of air pollution from ships.