23.23. If ________ they about your difficulty, they ________ a different decision. Yet, it is all too late now. (A) know; may make
(B) knew; might make (C) have known; would make
(D) had known; might have made
26. A new study published in Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society concludes that it's harder for people over 65 years old to understand jokes than it is for students, and the authors of the report say that the findings should be taken seriously as laughing has been linked to health benefits such as boosting circulation. It seems that many older adults may have deficits in some cognitive functions, which might cause them to have a harder time understanding a joke. The researchers tested 40 people aged over 65 and 40 undergraduates and the participants had to complete jokes and cartoon strips and then choose the correct punch line or final picture from a selection of options. When it came to choosing the punch lines for jokes, the undergraduates performed 6% better than older people and when completing cartoon strips, they were 14% better. The report's authors say the results suggest that because age relates to declines in short-term memory, abstract reasoning and moving between different thought trains, that may affect the humor comprehension in older people. Professor Brian Carpenter, author of the report, pointed out, “This wasn't a study about what people find funny. It was a study about whether they get what's supposed to be funny. There are basic cognitive mechanisms to understanding what's going on in a joke. Older adults, because they may have deficits in some of those cognitive functions, may have a harder time understanding what a joke is about." Dr. Chris Moulin, a cognitive neuropsychologist at the University of Leeds, said it was "entirely feasible” that people's understanding of jokes could change with age. “Many jokes require us to simultaneously have two ideas in mind and older people may find it difficult to do this. Having a sense of humor is important to health because laughter can maintain well-being by boosting levels of the so-called “happy hormones.” Dr. Moulin, however, warned that if the jokes used in the study used modern humor, then the younger people might find them funnier and understand them better, which would have affected the results.
【題組】26. What is the best title for this article?
(A) How a Sense of Humor Benefits You
(B) Why the Elderly May Not See the Joke (C) Different Generations, Different Jokes
(D) Laughter Is Not Always the Best Medicine
27.【題組】27. The experts in this article indicate that a sense of humor is important because
(A) laughter can push the blood circulation up (B) laughter makes people young again
(C) laughter connects different parts of one's brain (D) laughter helps with people's communication
28.【題組】28. What doesn't happen to the brain when it gets old?
(A) The ability to do abstract reasoning goes down. (B) Connection between different ideas declines. (C) Language skills improve greatly.
(D) Short-term memory gradually fails.
29.【題組】29. What can influence the effectiveness of the research mentioned in this article?
(A) The number of participants in the research. (B) The languages in which the jokes are written. (C) What the experts think about jokes.
(D) The kind of humor used in the jokes for the study.
36.36.請選出翻譯正確的句子:昨晚被那部電影嚇到之後，我沒辦法睡著。 (A) After I was scared by the movie last night, I couldn't fall asleep. (B) Scared by the movie last night, I couldn't fall asleep. (C) I couldn't fall asleep after being scared by the movie last night. (D) Falling asleep last night, I was scared by the movie. (E) The movie scaring me, I fell asleep last night.
37.37.請選出翻譯正確的句子:Edward非常的不小心以至於犯了不少錯。 (A) Edward was too careless to make quite a few mistakes.
(B) Such a careful person was Edward that he made few mistakes.
(C) Edward could not be too careless to make a few mistakes. (D) Edward was so careless that he made quite a few mistakes.
(E) So careless was Edward that he made quite a few mistakes.
(A) If I have a million dollars, I will travel around the world. (B) If I had had a million dollars, I would have traveled around the world. (C) If I had a million dollars, I would travel around the world. (D) Had I had a million dollars, I would travel around the world.
(E) Had I a million dollars, I would travel around the world.
39.39.請選出翻譯正確的句子:雖然下著大雨，我父親堅持步行去上班。 (A) My father insisted on walking to his office despite the heavy rain. (B) Though it was raining heavily, my father insisted on walking to his office. (C) My father insisted on walking to his office regardless of the heavy rain. (D) In spite of the heavy rain, my father insisted on walking to his office.
(E) My father insisted on walking to his office on account of the heavy rain.
40.40.請選出翻譯正確的句子:一聽到那則笑話，我們就哄堂大笑。 (A) On hearing the joke, we burst out laughing. (B) As soon as we heard the joke, we burst out laughing. (C) No matter who heard the joke, we burst out laughing. (D) The moment that we heard the joke, we burst out laughing. (E) We burst out laughing upon hearing the joke.