Touch is the earliest sense to mature. It manifests itself in the final embryonic stage and comes into its own long before
eyes, ears, and the higher brain centers begin to work. Soon 41 birth, infants begin to employ their other senses to
interpret reality. During the same period, they are highly 42 touch. They are being nuzzled, cuddled, cleaned,
patted, kissed, and in many cases breastfed. So important is touch to human communication 43 researchers now
know that people who are denied caregivers’ touch can develop serious biological and emotional problems. As you move
from infancy into childhood, you learn the rules of touching. You are taught whom to touch and where they may be
touched. By the time you reach 44 , your culture has taught you how to communicate with touch. You use touch out
of social politeness, 45 sex, consolation, support, and control. In the U.S., people learn to shake hands with nearly
everyone, hug certain people, and be intimate with still other people.
【題組】41. (A)for (B)after (C)before (D)until
There are around 380 underwater cables in operation around the world, spanning a length of over 1.2 million kilometers
(745,645 miles). In 2012, Hurricane Sandy slammed into the U.S. East Coast, knocking out several key exchanges where
undersea cables linked North America and Europe. The entire network between North America and Europe was isolated
for a number of hours. For us, the storm brought to light a potential challenge in the consolidation of transatlantic cables
that all landed in New York and New Jersey. But most often when a cable goes down, nature is not to blame. There are
about 200 such failures each year and the vast majority are caused by humans. “Two-thirds of cable failures are caused
by accidental human activities, fishing nets and trawling and also ships’ anchors,” said an expert. “The next largest
category is natural disaster, mother nature -- sometimes earthquakes but also underwater landslides.” A magnitude-7.0
earthquake off the southwest coast of Taiwan in 2006, along with aftershocks, cut eight submarine cables which caused
internet outages and disruption in Taiwan, Hong Kong, China, Japan, Korea and the Philippines.
【題組】46. Which of the following could be the best title for this passage?
(A)How Vulnerable Undersea Cables Are.
(B)How Humans Can’t Live Without Undersea Cables.
(C)How Undersea Cables Were Laid.
(D)How Undersea Cables Connects the World.
20.【題組】50. According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE?
(A)In 2012, Hurricane Sandy caused Taiwan to go through power failure for several days.
(B)Only a large earthquake could have possibly caused the cable failures.
(C)In 2006, a mild earthquake cut off cable connection between Taiwan and other nearby countries.
(D)A couple hundreds of cable failures happen each year due to various reasons.