108 年 - 108 台灣聯合大學系統學士班轉學考試題：普通化學#99851-阿摩線上測驗

108 年 - 108 台灣聯合大學系統學士班轉學考試題：普通化學#99851

1.

1.For the reaction of sodium bromide with chlorine gas to form sodium chloride and
bromine, the appropriate half-reactions are (ox = oxidation and re = reduction):

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

2.

2. The following reactions:

are examples of

(A) acid-base reactions.

(B) unbalanced reactions.

(C) precipitation, acid-base, and redox reactions, respectively.

(D) redox, acid-base, and precipitation reactions, respectively.

(E) precipitation, redox, and acid-base reactions, respectively.

3.3.What volume of 18.0 M sulfuric acid must be used to prepare 15.5 L of 0.195 M H_{2}SO_{4} ?

(A) 168 mL

(B) 0.336 L

(C) 92.3 mL

(D) 226 mL

(E) none of these

(A) 168 mL

(B) 0.336 L

(C) 92.3 mL

(D) 226 mL

(E) none of these

4.

4. Air has an average molar mass of 29.0 g/ mol. The density of air at 1.00 atm and 30°C is

(A) 29.0g/L

(B) 40.0g/mL

(C) 1.17g/L

(D) 1.29g/L

(E) 12g/L

5.

5. Consider the following gas samples:

Which one of the following statements is false?

(A) The volume of sample A is twice the volume of sample B.

(B) The average kinetic energy of the molecules in sample A is twice the average
kinetic energy of the molecules in sample B.

(C) The fraction of molecules in sample A having a kinetic energy greater than
some high fixed value is larger than the fraction of molecules in sample B
having kinetic energies greater than that same high fixed value.

(D) The mean square velocity of molecules in sample A is twice as large as the
mean square velocity of molecules in sample B.

(E) Assumning identical intermolecular forces in the two samples, sample A should
be more nearly ideal than sample B.

6.

6.Consider the following ground state electron configuration: 1s^{2}2s^{2}2p^{4}. Which of the
ions has this ground state electron configuration?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

8.8. Which type of spherical packing has the most unused space?

(A) body-centered cubic

(B) cubic closest-packed

(C) cubic closest-packed and hexagonal closest-packed

(D) simple cubic

(A) body-centered cubic

(B) cubic closest-packed

(C) cubic closest-packed and hexagonal closest-packed

(D) simple cubic

9.9. What is the edge length of a face-centered cubic unit cell made up of atoms having a
radius of 200 pm?

(A) 71 pm

(B) 566 pm

(C) 20 pm

(D) 110 pm

(A) 71 pm

(B) 566 pm

(C) 20 pm

(D) 110 pm

10.

10.KBr crystallizes in a cubic unit cell with Br ions on each corner and each face. How
many ions and ions are in each unit cell of KBr?

(A) 1 ion and 1 ion

(B) 2 ions and 2 ions

(C) 4 ions and 4 ions

(D) 8 ions and 8 ions

12.12.A solution is prepared by dissolving 17.75 g sulfuric acid, H_{2}SO_{4}, in enough water to
make 100.0 mL of solution. If the density of the solution is 1.1094 g/mL, what is the
molality?

(A) 0.1775m H_{2}SO_{4}

(B) 0.1810 m H_{2}SO_{4}

(C) 1.810 m H_{2}SO_{4}

(D) 1.940 m H_{2}SO_{4}

(A) 0.1775m H

(B) 0.1810 m H

(C) 1.810 m H

(D) 1.940 m H

13.13.n general, as the temperature increases, the solubility of gases in water ______ and
the solubility of most solids in water ______.

(A) decreases, decreases

(B) decreases, increases

(C) increases, decreases

(D) increases, increases

(A) decreases, decreases

(B) decreases, increases

(C) increases, decreases

(D) increases, increases

14.

14.A solution is prepared by dissolving 20.0 g of sucrose, in 250. g of water at
25°C. What is the vapor pressure of the solution if the vapor pressure of water at 25°C
is 23.76 mm Hg?

(A) 0.198 mm Hg

(B) 20.5 mm Hg

(C) 23.7 mm Hg

(D) 24.0 mm Hg

15.

15.Assuming that sea water is a 3.5 wt % solution of NaCl in water, calculate its osmotic
pressure at 20°C. The density of a 3.5% NaCl solution at 20°C is 1.023 g/mL.

(A) 1.0 atm

(B) 15 atm

(C) 29 atm

(D) 100 atm

16.

16.A solution of a nonelectrolyte solution contains 30.0 g of solute dissolved in 250.0g of
water. The freezing point of the water is observed to be -2.50°C. The Kf for water is
1.86 °C/m and normal freezing point of water is 0.00'C. What is the molar mass of the
substance?

(A) 335 g/mol

(B) 89.5 g/mol

(C) 895 g/mol

(D) 33.5 g/mol

17.

**【題組】**

[17.-18].Arrows in the energy diagram below represent enthalpy changes occurring in the
exothermic formation of a solution:

17.Which arrow represents ?

(A) arrow (a)

(B) arrow (b)

(C) arrow (c)

(D) arrow (d)

19.

19. The following diagram shows a close-up view of the vapor pressure curves for a pure
solvent and a solution containing a nonvolatile solute dissolved in this solvent.

Which curve is the solvent and what happens to the vapor pressure when the solute is
dissolved in the solvent?

(A) Curve (a) is the solvent and the vapor pressure decreases.

(B) Curve (a) is the solvent and the vapor pressure increases.

(C) Curve (b) is the solvent and the vapor pressure decreases.

(D) Curve (b) is the solvent and the vapor pressure increases.

20.20. What is the mole fraction of oxygen in a gas mixture that is 27% oxygen and 73%
nitrogen by volume?

(A) 0.24

(B)0.27

(C) 0.32

(D)0.37

(A) 0.24

(B)0.27

(C) 0.32

(D)0.37

21.

21.A concentration-time study of the gas phase reaction 2 A_{3} - 3 A_{2} produced the data
in the table below.

What is the concentration of A_{2} after 30 seconds?

(A) 5.00 x 10*M

(B) 5.25 x 10*M

(C) 5.50 x 10*M

(D) 6.00 x 10*M

22.

22.The following set of data was obtained by the method of initial rates for the reaction:

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

23.

23.Shown is a concentration versus time plot for a reaction involving gases A, B, and C.

Which equation best represents the reaction?

(A) 4A(g) - B(g) +2C(g)

(B) 4A(g) +B(g) -2C(g)

(C) 2C(g) →4A(g)+B(g)

(D) 2C(g) +B(g)→4A(g)

24.

24.Consider a reaction that occurs by the following one-step mechanism: A_{2}+ B_{2}→ 2 AB
The potential energy profile for this reaction is shown below.

What is the species present at reaction stage 1?

(A) an intermediate

(B) a product

(C) a reactant

(D) a transition state

25.

25. The following set of data was obtained by the method of initial rates for the reaction:

What is the rate law for the reaction?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

26.

26.For a particular first-order reaction, it takes 48 minutes for the concentration of the
reactant to decrease to 25% of its initial value. What is the value for rate constant
for the reaction?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

27.

27.The reaction: 2 HI→ H_{2} + I_{2}, is second order and the rate constant at 800 K is . How long will it take for 8.00 x mol/L of HI to decrease to one-fourth of its
initial concentration?

(A) 0.619s

(B) 124 s

(C) 387s

(D) 429 s

28.

28.What are the coefficients in front of and Cu(s) when the following redox
equation is balanced in an acidic solution:

(A) 2, 3

(B) 2,6

(C) 3,4

(D) 3,6

29.

29.Determine the number of water molecules necessary to balance the following chemical equation.

(A) 3

(B) 5

(C) 7

(D) 14

30.

30.The iron content of foods can be determined by dissolving them in acid (forming ),
reducing the iron(II) to iron(I), and titrating with cerium(IV):

Identify the two half-reactions in the above reaction.

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

31.

31.For the hypothetical reaction .
For this reaction, if the value of x is 4, then the value of y =_________.

(A)1

(B)2

(C)3

(D)4

32.

32.

Which of the following reactions should be spontaneous under standard conditions?

(A) I and II are both nonsponta

(B) I is nonspontaneous and I is spontaneous.

(C) I is spontaneous and II is nonspontaneous.

(D) I and II are both spontaneous.

33.

33.At a certain temperature, Kc equals 1.4 x 10^{2} for the reaction:

2CO(g)+O_{2}(g)⇌2 CO_{2}(g)

If a 2.50-L flask contains 0.400 mol of CO_{2} and 0.100 mol of O_{2} at equilibrium, how
many moles of CO are also present in the flask?

(A) 0.422 mol

(B) 0.169 mol

(C) 0.107 mol

(D) 0.0114mol

34.

34.The following pictures represent aqueous solutions of binary acids of the type HA
where the water molecules have been omitted for clarity.

Determine the strongest acid of the set.

(A)A

(B)B

(C)C

(D)D

35.

35.What is the second stepwise equilibrium constant expression for phosphoric acid
H_{3}PO_{4}?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

36.

36.Sodium reacts violently with water according to the equation:

2 Na(s) + 2 H_{2}O(l)→ 2 NaOH(aq) +H_{2}(g)

The resulting solution has a higher temperature than the water prior to the addition of
sodium. What are the signs of △H° and △S° for this reaction?

(A) △H° is negative and △S° is negative.

(B) △H° is negative and △S° is positive.

(C) △H° is positive and △S° is negative.

(D) △H° is positive and △S° is positive.

37.

37.For the process

Assuming that the surroundings can be considered a large heat reservoir at 25°C, calculate
for the process at 25°C and 1 atm pressure. Is the process spontaneous
at 25°C and 1 atm pressure?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

38.

38. In the following reaction the unshaded spheres represent H atoms.

Identify the BrΦnsted-Lowry acid/base conjugate pairs.

(A)(1)/(2) and (3)/(4)

(B) (1)/(3) and (2)/(4)

(C) (I)/(4) and(2)/(3)

(D) none of the above.