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108 年 - 台聯大轉學考 普通化學A7#99853 

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1.1. Which of the following pairs is incorrect?
(A)NH4Br, ammo onium bromide
(B)K2,CO3,potassium carbonate
(C)BaPO4 , barium phosphate
(D) CuCl,copper(I) chloride
(E) MnO2, manganese (IV) oxide


2.2. Rutherford's experiment was important because it showed that:
(A)radioactive elements give off alpha particles.
(B)gold foil can be made to be only a few atoms thick.
(C) a zinc sulfide screen scintillates when struck by a charged particle.
(D) the mass of the atom is uniformly distributed throughout the atom.
(E) an atom is mostly empty space.


3.

3.e atomic mass of rhenium is 186.2. Given that 37.1% of natural rhenium is r what is the other stable isotope?
(A) 60f903cab3d23.jpg
(B) 60f903f053be0.jpg
(C) 60f9040fe12da.jpg
(D) 60f9043a7862a.jpg
(E) 60f904629d367.jpg



4.

4. The following reactions
60f904e14abf7.jpg are examples of
(A)precipitation reactions.
(B)redox, precipitation, and acid-base, respectively.
(C)precipitation (two) and acid-base reactions, respectively.
(D) redox reactions.
(E) none ofthese 75 Re , D) 7s Re



5.5. A 0.307-g sample of an unknown triprotic acid is titrated to the third equivalence point using 35.2 mL of 0.106 M NaOH. Calculate the molar mass of the acid.
(A)247 g/mol
(B)171g/mol
(C)165 g/mol
(D) 151 gmol
(E) 82.7gmol


6.6. Consider two organic molecules, ethanol and benzene. One dissolves in water and the other does not. Why?
(A)They have different molar masses.
(B)One is ionic, the other is not.
(C)One is an electrolyte, the other is not.
(D) Ethanol contains a polar O–H bond, and benzene does not.
(E) Two ofthese.


7.7. Calculate the density of nitrogen at STP.
(A)0.312 g/L
(B)0.625 g/L
(C)0.800 g/L
(D) 1.25 g/L
(E) 1.60 g/L


8.

8. The van der Waals equation, 60f90533db831.jpg, incorporates corrections to the ideal gas law in order to account for the properties of real gases. One of the corrections accounts for
(A) the possibility of chemical reaction between molecules.
(B) the finite volume of molecules.
(C)the quantum behavior of molecules.
(D) the fact that average kinetic energy is inversely proportional to temperature.
(E) the possibility of phase changes when the temperature is decreased or the pressure is increased.



9.

9. A 25.0 g piece of aluminum (which has a molar heat capacity of 24.03J/℃mol) is heated to 82.4*C and dropped into a calorimeter containing water (specific heat capacity of water is 4.18J/g℃initially at 22.3C. The final temperature of the water is 24.9℃. Calculate the mass of water in the calorimeter.
(A)118 g
(B)6.57g
(C)3180g
(D) 2120g
(E) none of these



10.

10. Calculate the lattice energy for MgO(s) using a Bomn-Haber cycle and the following information: 60f90642363b6.jpg
(A)+1842 kJ/mol
(B)+2444 kJ/mol
(C)+3844 kJ/mol
(D) +4108 kJ/mol



11.

11. While mercury is very useful in barometers, mercury vapor is toxic. Given that mercury has a △Hvap of 59.11 kJ/mol and its normal boiling point is 356.7℃, calculate the vapor pressure in mm Hg at room temperature, 25℃.
(A) 60f906f028ce3.jpg mm Hg
(B)2.99 mm Hg
(C)372 mm Hg
(D) 753 mm Hg



12.

12.At a given temperature the vapor pressures of benzene and toluene are 183 mm Hg and 59.2 mm Hg, respectively. Calculate the total vapor pressure over a solution of benzene and toluene with 60f90722237ec.jpg
(A)110 mm Hg
(B)133 mm Hg
(C)109 mm Hg
(D) 242 mm Hg 



13.

13.A concentration-time study of the gas phase reaction 60f90763d36c8.jpgproduced the data in the table below.
60f9079469508.jpg What is the average rate of formation of A2 in the time interval 20-30 seconds?
(A) 60f907d788d9e.jpg
(B) 60f907fb064bc.jpg
(C) 60f9081fc22cb.jpg
(D) 60f908445784f.jpg



14.

14. The following set of data was obtained by the method of initial rates for the reaction: 60f90892d0703.jpgCalculate the initial rate when 60f908cd62fe6.jpgis 0.30 M, Br-is 0.050 M, and H+ is 0.15 M.
60f9093e5981a.jpg
(A) 60f909711d842.jpg
(B) 60f90991d87df.jpg
(C) 60f909b7dbba0.jpg
(D) 60f909dc2169e.jpg



15.

15. The first-order isomerization reaction: cyclopropane→  propene, has a rate constant of 1.10 60f90a6e8ab63.jpg at 470℃ and an activation energy of 264 kJ/mol. What is the temperature of the reaction when the rate constant is equal to 60f90aa001baa.jpg?
(A)126℃
(B)411℃ 
(C) 510℃ 
(D) 540℃



16.

16. Nitric oxide reacts with oxygen to form nitrogen dioxide:
60f90ae8c69c7.jpg
What is Kc' for the reverse reaction if the equilibrium concentration of NO is 0.300 M, O2, is 0.200 M, and NO2, is 0.530 M at 25℃?
(A)0.0340
(B)0.0641
(C)0.624
(D) 15.6



17.

17. The decomposition of ammonia is: 60f90b59c9cff.jpg what is the partial pressure of ammonia at equilibrium when N2 is 0.10 atm and H2is 0.15 atm?
(A) 60f90ba90e487.jpg
(B) 60f90bca81069.jpg
(C) 60f90c1f80c21.jpg
(D) 60f90c4175d54.jpg



18.

18.For acid solutions of the same molarity acid strength is proportional to the equilibrium concent tration of H3O+. For equimolar solutions of acids, which equilibrium expression below corresponds to the strongest acid? [H30+] [Fr]
(A) 60f90c86ed2d8.jpg
(B) 60f90caf52ad6.jpg
(C) 60f90bed9bd03.jpg
(D) 60f90ce21efc9.jpg



19.

19. What is the strongest BrΦnsted-Lowry acid in the chemical reaction shown below? 60f90d15d9bbd.jpg
(A)HNO3
(B)Ba(OH)2
(C)Ba(NO3)2
(D) H2O



20.

20. If the ionization constant of water, Kw, at 40℃ is 60f90d9b43df8.jpg, then what is the hydronium ion concentration for a neutral solution?
(A) 60f90e26cf5df.jpg
(B) 60f90e50c22bb.jpg
(C) 60f90e82cf5c7.jpg
(D) 60f90eac62dee.jpg



21.

21. What is the balanced equation for the galvanic cell reaction expressed using notation below? 60f90efb8b947.jpg
(A) 60f90f27e7bdf.jpg
(B) 60f90f580d695.jpg
(C) 60f90f86627d2.jpg
(D) 60f90fa999d04.jpg



22.

22. The nickel-cadmium battery cell has a standard potential of +1.20 V. The cell reaction is
60f90fdfa7302.jpg
What is the standard free energy change for this reaction?
(A)-38.7 kJ
(B)-116 kJ
(C)-232 kJ
(D) -463 kJ



23.

23.Consider the following table of standard reduction potentials:
   60f9102d401ba.jpgWhich substance is the strongest reducing agent?
(A)A
(B)B
(C)C3
(D)C-



24.

24.Beta decay of 60f91064e7f1d.jpg produces a beta particle and
(A) 60f9108303fb4.jpg
(B) 60f910a616d41.jpg
(C) 60f910c8878a0.jpg
(D) 60f910ec02a9e.jpg



25.25.Iodine-123, used in thyroid therapy, has a half-life of 13.27 hours. How many half-lives are required for a 160 mg sample of iodine-123 to decay to 5.0 mg?
(A)0.031
(B)1.0
(C)5.0
(D) 32


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108 年 - 台聯大轉學考 普通化學A7#99853-阿摩線上測驗

108 年 - 台聯大轉學考 普通化學A7#99853