Traditional surgical procedures require surgeons to make large incisions in a patient’s body in order to gain access to
the internal organs. The patient then has to recover from the trauma of the surgical treatment and the large wound created
by the incision. In recent years, a surgical technique known as “keyhole surgery” has become popular. This technique
eliminates the need for surgeons to make large incisions. Instead, a couple of small incisions, each measuring about one
centimeter, are made around the area to be operated on. Long instruments, which look a bit like chopsticks, are inserted
through the tiny incisions and into the patient’s body. At the end of these instruments are small surgical tools. A tiny
camera is also inserted into the body through one of the incisions. The camera relays an image of what is happening
inside the patient’s body to a large computer monitor, so doctors are able to see what is going on, and where to place the
tools. The awkward part of keyhole surgery is that it is counterintuitive; if a surgeon wants to move the tool to the left, he
or she must push it to the right, and vice versa.
【題組】49 What is the best title for the passage?
(A) The Popularity of Keyhole Surgery (B) The Advantages of Keyhole Surgery
(C) Keyhole Surgery Saves Your Life (D) Less Pain in Keyhole Surgery