第二篇： Sam Walton, the founder of the world’s largest retailer, Wal-Mart, is a classic tale of the American dream come true. Born in 1916 in Oklahoma, his family lived on a farm until he was five. During that time, and through the Great Depression, Walton worked at odd jobs to help make ends meet. He learned the necessity of hard work and the importance of saving.
In 1945, Walton started his career in retail sales. He bought one of the franchise stores of a company called Ben Franklin, which sold household items. It became very successful, and Walton opened several more franchise stores for Ben Franklin, though he was allowed to use the name Walton 5&10. Eventually, in 1962, he felt it was time to start his own chain of stores. Wal-Mart was born.
Walton’s business philosophy was an integral part of his success. He made sure that the shelves were always well-stocked and clean, while emphasizing high-volume sales, rock-bottom prices and excellent customer service. A number of innovations that Walton made have established the basic operation model for today’s grocery business, like moving the checkout counters to the front of the store, offering coupons for discounts, creating an advanced inventory system to keep the shelves full, and satisfactory policy for product return and refund. With the strong infrastructure built by Walton himself, Wal-Mart, hiring more than two million employees now, continues to grow by leaps and bounds.
【題組】47.Which of the following is closest in meaning to the phrase “rock-bottom prices”?
(A) The original prices
(B) The lowest prices
(C) The wholesaler prices
(D) The manufacturer prices