阿摩:人們不是聽你說什麼,而是看你做什麼。
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【精選】 - 初等/五等/佐級◆英文2021~2018(101~125)
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1(C).

請依下文回答第 23 題至第 27 題 
  Today, two students gave a talk. They stood in front of the whole school. They talked about brave people from the past. 
  The first  23  talked about Mother Teresa. Mother Teresa lived in India  24  45 years. During this time,she helped many sick people and children. Mother Teresa had heart problems, but she never stopped  25  people. In 1979, she received the Nobel Prize for her work. The second student spoke about the Wright brothers,  26  made the first airplane in 1903. It was dangerous work  27  they could fall and get hurt. At first the plane could not fly very well. But they kept trying. They made it a year later.

【題組】25
(A) help
(B) helped
(C) helping
(D) to helping


2(A).

39 Can you imagine the day when you will no longer need to stop for ________at gas stations?
(A) fuel
(B) gear
(C) hike
(D) prey


3(B).

請依下文回答第 36 題至第 40 題 Lawrence R. Herkimer (October 14, 1925 – July 1, 2015) was an American innovator in the field of cheerleading. He created the widely used Herkie cheerleading jump, which was named after him, and received a patent for the pom-pom, which has become a staple of cheerleading. Herkimer was known as the grandfather of modern cheerleading and often called Mr. Cheerleader. Herkimer had been a scholarship student and head cheerleader at Southern Methodist University in Dallas. As a cheerleader, he developed what became known as the Herkie by accident while intending to perform a split jump. The move features one arm extended straight up in the air and the other on one’s hip, with one leg extended straight out, and the other bent back. At Southern Methodist, he formed a national organization for cheerleaders and created a cheerleading-oriented magazine called Megaphone. After graduating from Southern Methodist in 1948, Herkimer started his first cheerleading camp at Sam Houston State Teachers College with 52 girls and one boy with $600 borrowed from a friend of his father-in-law’s. By the following year, enrollment had grown to 350 participants. Shortly thereafter, he was making more money from his summer programs than he was teaching the remainder of the year at Southern Methodist, so he gave up teaching and took up the cheerleading business full time. His camps had as many as 1,500 instructors teaching tens of thousands of students nationwide each summer, and his Cheerleader Supply Company was successfully retailing skirts and sweaters for cheerleading squads. As part of an effort to provide a visually appealing device for cheerleaders, given the advent of color television, Herkimer created the pom-pon with a hidden handle and was granted patent $3,560,313 by the United States Patent and Trademark Office in 1971. He chose the name “Pom pon” after hearing that the word “pompom” had vulgar meanings in other languages. While cheerleading at scholastic sports events dates back to the 19th century, Herkimer boasted that he took it “from the raccoon coat and pennant to greater heights,” especially after World War II, when more women began enrolling in the nation’s colleges. “I feel we have a recession-proof business,” he said in 1990. “If times get bad, a father would sell the boat before he would tell his daughter she can’t have pompons and her cheerleading sweater.” By the time he sold his various cheerleading enterprises in 1986 for an estimated $20 million, he was considered the undisputed pacesetter of the cheerleading business.
【題組】37 How many people attended Herkimer’s cheerleading camp in 1948?
(A)52
(B)53
(C) 350
(D) 1500  


4(A).

請依下文回答第 46 題至第 50 題
     The Australian crocodile is the largest crocodile in the world. It can grow up to seven meters long, and the biggest can weigh up to 1,000 kilometers. It has only two muscles to open its mouth but 40 to close it! What makes crocodiles so dangerous is that they attack extremely quickly, and they take their victims under the water to drown them. They usually attack in the water, but they can suddenly come out of a river and attack animals or people. And they can run on land as fast as 17 kilometers per hour.
     Every year in Australia there are crocodile attacks on humans. Two years ago a 24-year-old German tourist died when she went for a swim in a lake. Although there were signs warning people that there might be crocodiles, the woman and her friends decided to go for a midnight swim. The woman suddenly disappeared, and the next morning her body was found. Near it was a four-meter long crocodile. And only last month two Australian boys watched in horror as their friend was killed by a crocodile when they were washing their bikes in a river. They climbed a tree and stayed there for 22 hours while the crocodile waited below.
      But you can survive a crocodile attack. Last year Norman Pascoe, a 19-year-old, was saved from a crocodile when his aunt hit it on the nose. Norman’s aunt said: “I hit it and I shouted, ‘Help!’ The crocodile suddenly opened its mouth and my nephew escaped.”

【題組】47 Which of the following methods is NOT how an Australian crocodile attacks people?
(A) Opening its mouth and hitting people on the nose
(B) Taking people under the water
(C) Coming out a river to attack people
(D) Drowning people


5(D).

請依下文回答第 36 題至第 40 題 Forming a habit of making a to-do list every day can help us manage our time better. And if this is done in a more effective way, it can even enable us to have a successful life. Many famous people throughout the history all 36 themselves to making a to-do list that works out for them. Thomas Edison, one of the great inventors in human history, made a daily to-do list by recording in great details his ideas of invention. Many useful products that he eventually created all came from his to-do lists. Another more 37 example is the ex-CEO of Apple, Mr. Steve Jobs. Jobs did his to-do list in a more simple way. He only wrote down key words in the list by focusing particularly on the challenges Apple was facing. Many of the unsolved problems mentioned in his lists became later Apple's great strength and 38 points which other companies cannot yet achieve. Richard Branson, the English businessman and inventor who 39 the Virgin group, puts down his ideas for his future business plans in the list. In order to fulfill his business dreams, Branson also includes in his lists the names of people who can help him complete his business projects. 40 what they have done with their to-do lists, these successful people have helped improve human life to a great degree.
【題組】 39
(A) looks for
(B) checks out
(C) puts on
(D) sets up


6(D).

19 My husband and I _____ over our problems in the living room when our little daughter came in.
(A) argue
(B) have argued
(C) are arguing
(D) were arguing


7(C).

2 We’re _______ now, so we’d better finish the work soon.
(A) in time
(B) on time
(C) running out of time
(D) within a short time


8(D).

請依下文回答第 41 題至第 45 題 
        Tammy is a teacher in a kindergarten. Every morning, she needs to arrive at 7:30 a.m. in order to get her classroom ready for her students. Before her class begins at 9:00 a.m., she must attend to her students who arrive earlier. At 8:30 a.m. when most students arrive in class, she has to let them 41 their morning snacks first to make sure that they do not get hungry while having their morning classes. After the class starts, her students make her very busy for the rest of the day. They learn new things and play games. But 42 those students are all very young children, they do not always pay attention to her. Sometimes, they fight, shout or cry. Tammy still needs to remain patient to all of them. 
        Especially in the beginning of a new semester when more and more new students come to her class, Tammy becomes much busier 43 before because she has to take more care of the new ones to let them get used to the new learning environment. And if there are too many new students, she will certainly need another teacher to help her. Teaching while also caring for those very young children makes her feel very 44 by the end of the day. However, even after school or over the weekends, she still needs to attend meetings and plan new lessons. Teaching in a kindergarten requires a lot of hard work from her. It also 45 much of her time, energy and patience. But Tammy loves her job as a kindergarten teacher and she finds it satisfying when she sees many of her students grow because of her teaching.

【題組】 43
(A) then
(B) over
(C) with
(D) than


9(C).

請依下文回答第 41 題至第 45 題:
      About 20 minutes west of Quebec City in Canada, there is a unique place—the only hotel in North America made entirely of ice and snow. It was freezing. The outside temperature was -28ºC! But it was warmer inside than outside— about 14ºC. This is    41    the walls. They are 120 centimeters    42    . And the hotel was absolutely wonderful! The floors and ceilings were ice. There were beautiful ice sculptures everywhere. There were also two art galleries, a movie theater, a skating rink, and a wedding chapel.    43    the drinking glasses were made of ice! And in the rooms? Yes, the beds were made of ice. Hotel guests slept    44    a cozy sleeping bag on a mattress. It was a lot of fun! They build the ice hotel every year in December, and guests can stay there from January to March. In past years, more than 4,000 guests stayed    45    one night. Beaches, mountains, lakes, museums--boring! The place to go is the ice hotel.

【題組】41
(A) according to
(B) in addition to
(C) because of
(D) on behalf of


10(D).

50 David enjoys all kinds of fast foods, but I ___.
(A) am
(B) am not
(C) do
(D) do not


11(A).

8 Kevin wants to have his hair _____ before attending a job interview this Friday.
(A) cut
(B) to cut
(C) do
(D) to do


12(D).

4 I have tried to ask Mary out for several times, but she always says that she is not _____ .
(A) aware
(B) actual
(C) alike
(D) available


13(B).

21 Please tell me more about _____. I want to know you better.
(A) you
(B) yourself
(C) us
(D) myself


14(C).

請依下文回答第 46 題至第 50 題:
        Taxicab drivers in Edinburgh, Scotland, are upset about a strict new dress code that says they must wear flannel trousers, a shirt, and shoes.
        Cabbies say the code is too restrictive. Furthermore, they complain that it takes away freedom to wear the national dress—including the Scottish kilt. Cabbie Jim Taylor, of the Edinburgh Street Taxi Association, says that cabbies will go to court if they are forced to follow the dress code.
        Taylor remarks, “Most drivers already dress appropriately so there is absolutely no need for such a restrictive dress code. What if a driver wants to wear a kilt? According to this new code, he can’t. After all, we are self-employed drivers. We are not city employees. It is unreasonable for the government to make us follow a dress code like this. No judge can tell us how to dress.”
        However, Phil Attridge, a member of the city council, disagreed. “We do not think the dress code is strict. Most drivers already follow it. We don’t want drivers to wear jeans or shorts. Dress is important because drivers often go into hotels to pick up passengers—they should be well-dressed.”
        On the issue of kilts and national dress, Attridge added, “If a driver wants to wear some kind of national dress that is not in the code, he or she can ask permission.”
        He said a survey showed that 76 percent of cabbies and taxi owners wanted the dress code. In fact, police officers are already enforcing the dress code, and one driver has already paid a fine for wearing corduroy trousers instead of flannel.

【題組】48 Which of the following is NOT a reason why taxicab drivers disagree with the new dress code?
(A)Taxicab drivers are not city employees.
(B)Most drivers already dress appropriately.
(C)Taxicab drivers do not go to hotels very often.
(D)The dress code takes away freedom to wear the national dress.


15(C).

41 I’ve been __________ with Helen for a long time and I don’t even know whether she’s married or not.
(A)out of town
(B)out of sight
(C)out of touch
(D)out of order


16(D).

40 Mary has very poor eyesight after the car accident. She is ________ able to read well.
(A) typically
(B) commonly
(C) habitually
(D) scarcely


17(C).

請依下文回答第 45 題至第 49 題:
        Many of us, nowadays, seem to believe that a happy future is something impossible to achieve. While such concerns must be taken very seriously, they are not invincible. They can be overcome when we don’t lock our door to the outside world. 
        Happiness can only be discovered as a gift of harmony between the whole and each single component. Even science--and you know it better than I do--points to an understanding of reality as a place where every element connects and interacts with everything else. 
        And this brings me to my second message. How wonderful would it be if the growth of scientific and technological innovation would come along with more equality and social inclusion. How wonderful would it be, while we discover faraway planets, to rediscover the needs of the brothers and sisters orbiting around us. When one realizes that life, even in the middle of so many contradictions, is a gift, that love is the source and the meaning of life, how can they withhold their urge to do good to another fellow being? 

【題組】48 Which of following is the most possible situation under which this talk was delivered?
(A)An economic depression.
(B)The competition between two nations.
(C)Conflicts between people around the world.
(D)Global climate change.


18(D).
X


請依下文回答第 41 題至第 45 題

    Christmas is full of old traditions, like having a turkey feast. But how did this begin? First turkeys  41  into Britain in 1526.  42  this time, people used to eat geese and even peacocks for Christmas meals. Henry VIII, King of England, was the first person to eat turkey on Christmas, but it wasn't until the 1950s that the turkey became a  43  popular choice than the goose. Cows and chickens were not eaten for Christmas because people needed milk and eggs. People would have turkey as it was something different and they could also  44  their cows and chickens. The good thing about this tradition is that turkeys are big  45  to feed the whole family. Today, 87% of people believe that Christmas would not be the same without a traditional roast turkey.


【題組】43
(A)better
(B)more
(C)less
(D)least


19(D).

37 Would you mind keeping an eye_________ my kids for just a few minutes?
(A)at
(B) in
(C)down
(D) on


20(C).

請依下文回答第 46 題至第 50 題 Researchers have pointed out that it is important to know one’s blood type. When Harvard scientists 46 more than two decades of data on more than 77,000 people, they found that people with type AB blood had a 23 percent increased risk for heart disease compared to people with type O blood. 47 with type B blood had an 11 percent higher risk and people with type A blood had 5 percent greater risk of heart disease. Researchers aren’t sure 48 , though. But they posit that type A blood is associated with LDL cholesterol and that type O blood, 49 is associated with reduced risk, may contain a chemical that boosts blood flow and prevents clots. However, researchers are quick to point out that lifestyle factors 50 weight, smoking, and diet, which, unlike blood type, are modifiable and have a much greater impact on heart disease.
【題組】49
(A) who
(B) what
(C) which
(D) when


21(A).

請依下文回答第 28 題至第 30 題 
  Bullying is an important issue that is definitely seen in our world these days. There are various explanations why children or youngsters bully other children. The majority of the community has been or will be bullied throughout their school-age life. The effects of bullying on kids can be devastating; it can create social separation or even suicide. The common reason of bullying is families’ situations that lead to health, wealth and relationship complications in long-time period. Bullying is when somebody or a group of individuals who have more power, persistently and intentionally cause harm or trouble for someone else or group of individuals who really feel helpless to react. 
  Olweus says there are usually three types of bullying on school-aged children. The first one is physical bullying that involves physical damage and damage to property. Second most common type is called verbal bullying, which contains any type of verbal provocation such as abusive language, insults or racial comments. The next type is cyber bullying; it comprises sending unpolished images, tweeting slang memos, or posting false web pages. There are several different effects which bullying can have on children. Nowadays social separation is a main problem in kids. When children are bullied for a long period of time, it can make them feel inferior and unconfident in themselves that can have a bad effect on the way they intermingle in public. A research shows there are numerous cases of student committing suicide for the past few years. However, sometimes victims go for revenge against the bully with severe acts of violence. Besides, all these people lose their trust in relations, their competence to love and more importantly they restrict themselves to be in a well-meaning relationship in future. Along with all these problems, bullying can also disturb victims’ health; they may suffer from eating disorder or might hurt themselves.

【題組】29 Which of the following statements is NOT true?
(A) The effects of bullying on kids are not as devastating as those on adults.
(B) There are usually three types of bullying on school-aged children.
(C) The victims of bullying may kill themselves.
(D) Sometimes victims take revenge on the bully with violent acts.


22(C).

1 Eddie’s father has a great ____________on him because he has set a good example for Eddie to follow.
(A)instance
(B)instrument
(C)influence
(D)information


23(A).

請依下文回答第 31 題至第 35 題 Halloween is just around the corner. When I 31 in the U.S., I always made sure I had lots of candy duringHalloween. That’s because on Halloween night all the neighborhood kids would put on scary 32 and gotrick-or-treating from house to house. They would knock on the door and 33 , “Trick or treat?” You would thenhave to put candy, 34 chocolate, in their bags. After a night of trick-or-treating most kids would 35 a bagfulof different types of candies that would take weeks to eat.
【題組】 32
(A) costumes
(B) packages
(C) backpacks
(D) napkins


24(C).

請依下文回答第 41 題至第 45 題:
      About 20 minutes west of Quebec City in Canada, there is a unique place—the only hotel in North America made entirely of ice and snow. It was freezing. The outside temperature was -28ºC! But it was warmer inside than outside— about 14ºC. This is    41    the walls. They are 120 centimeters    42    . And the hotel was absolutely wonderful! The floors and ceilings were ice. There were beautiful ice sculptures everywhere. There were also two art galleries, a movie theater, a skating rink, and a wedding chapel.    43    the drinking glasses were made of ice! And in the rooms? Yes, the beds were made of ice. Hotel guests slept    44    a cozy sleeping bag on a mattress. It was a lot of fun! They build the ice hotel every year in December, and guests can stay there from January to March. In past years, more than 4,000 guests stayed    45    one night. Beaches, mountains, lakes, museums--boring! The place to go is the ice hotel.

【題組】44
(A) about
(B) at
(C) in
(D) until


25(D).

請依下文回答第 41 題至第 45 題
      In 1271, 17-year-old Marco Polo left Venice to begin one of the most amazing odysseys of all time. Marco, along with his father Nicolo and his uncle Maffeo, was about to enter Asia, a land completely unknown to Europe. The mysteries that Marco Polo saw and reported   41   not only his life but also the lives of Europeans in general.
     Marco Polo was amazed by the wonders and riches he saw. The sophistication of the Orient made Europe seem   42   . While the weavers of Venice were just learning to work with silk, Oriental weavers had been producing exquisite brocade for centuries. In making porcelain, Oriental   43   had long used techniques that were unknown in the West. Throughout the empire of Kublai Khan, money made of paper was used for business   44   , something unheard of in Europe. In all, Marco Polo spent 24 years   45   the Eastern world from Venice to Cathay. The diary of his travels remains a remarkable tale of adventure as well as a record of the Orient of the thirteenth century.

【題組】45
(A) recovering
(B) proposing
(C) sheltering
(D) exploring


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【精選】 - 初等/五等/佐級◆英文2021~2018(101~125)-阿摩線上測驗

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