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To toot, to cut the cheese, or to pass gas. These are all funny ways to talk about something that everyone does: Farts! A normal person passes about half a liter of gas a day. That equals about 14 farts per day. Then where do farts come from? There are several sources of fart gas. We get fart gas from the air we swallow. Gas also goes into our intestines from our blood. In addition, gas is also produced from chemical reactions and bacteria living in our intestines. Nervous people usually have more gas. This is because they swallow more air. Besides, food goes through their digestive systems faster. This means oxygen cannot be absorbed from the food in time. It turns into fart gas. People’s diet affects the stinkiness of farts. The smell has to do with the sulphur in foods such as eggs, meat, and cauliflower. Beans cause a lot of farts, but these farts aren’t usually really stinky. Beans are not high in sulphur, but the sugar in them produces gas in the intestines. Finally, people wonder, “Where do farts go when you hold them in?” Well, these farts will not poison you. However, you may get a bad stomachache from the pressure. Farts you hold in are neither released nor absorbed. They will come out sooner or later.
【題組】49 According to this passage, which of the following foods is likely to cause the stinkiest farts?
(A)Beans.
(B)Steak.
(C)Bread.
(D)Pasta.
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答案:B
難度:適中
10
 【站僕】摩檸Morning:有沒有達人來解釋一下?
倒數 1天 ,已有 0 則答案


     With cloning technology now available, we will need to consider if cloning is ethically acceptable. For example, is there any way to prevent the abuses of cloning without blocking beneficial medical and scientific progress? Human cloning research could bring about substantial health benefits, including the creation of animals with human-compatible organs for transplantation. Cloning could also be used to help scientists understand how genes are turned on and off, which could provide important information about the causes of cancer and the mechanism of aging.
      Another issue is the use of cloning to treat infertility. Reproductive technology, once considered controversial, is now accepted by the public. Why not allow a woman who is unable to conceive naturally to clone a child by placing her own DNA inside of a donor egg?
      Yet, what about our sense of identity and ancestry? Imagine giving birth to a clone of yourself—or your mother, father, or grandfather. Familial relationships could become increasingly complex. How can we prevent sinister applications of cloning, such as the creation of clones that would serve as slaves or a source of body parts? What effect will cloning have on theology? Is each human life unique? Would a clone have a soul? Finally, what will happen to clones that are failed experiments? Will they be disposed of like other experiments that have gone awry? These are just some of the issues that should be considered before a national policy on cloning is formulated.

【題組】According to this passage, which of the following is NOT a possible problem caused by human cloning?
(A)Failed human clones may be thrown away.
(B)Relationships among family members may be confusing.
(C)Infertility will be very common.
(D)Human clones may be used as a source of body parts.
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答案:C
難度:適中
1F
Kelly Huang 國三上 (2013/06/06 22:12)
Infertility - 不孕不育
Men and women seldom mean the same things even when they use the same words. To fully express their feelings, women assume poetic license and use various superlatives, metaphors, and generalizations. Men mistakenly take these expressions literally. Because they misunderstand the intended meaning, they commonly react in an unsupportive manner. A “literaltranslation of a woman’s words could easily mislead a man who is used to using speech as a means of conveying only facts and information. Besides, a man’s responses might lead to an argument. Unclear and unloving communication is the biggest problem in relationships. The number one complaint women have in relationships is: “I don’t feel heard.” Even this complaint is misunderstood and misinterpreted! A man’s literal translation of “I don’t feel heardleads him to invalidate her feelings. He thinks he has heard her if he can repeat what she has said. However, a correct translation of a woman saying “I don’t feel heard” is: “I feel as though you don’t fully understand what I really mean to say or care about how I feel.” If a man really understood her complaint then he would argue less and be able to respond more positively. When men and women are on the verge of arguing, they are generally misunderstanding each other. At such times, it is important to rethink or translate what they have heard.
【題組】42 According to this passage, which of the following statements is true?
(A)Men tend to give supportive responses because they don’t want arguments with women.
(B)Women often don’t feel heard because men have hearing problems. 
(C)Women tend to take poetic license to express their feelings.
(D)Men fail to listen to facts and information and so feel tired of women’s nagging.
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答案:C
難度:適中
10
 【站僕】摩檸Morning:有沒有達人來解釋一下?
倒數 23時 ,已有 0 則答案


Knowing the origin of a word can give you a clearer understanding of the word. For example, the word sabotage means “the intentional destruction of materials, machines, or some process of production.” The meaning of the term becomes clear when you learn that sabotage comes from the French word sabat, meaningwooden shoe,” and it was coined during the French Revolution when workers sabotaged French factories by throwing their shoes into the machinery. Looking up the origin of a word also reminds you that language is constantly changing, with old words gaining new meanings and new words being born. The word chauvinist, for example, was never used before 1815. It was coined as a result of the fanatic loyalty of a French soldier, Nicolas Chauvin, to Napoleon. Thus, chauvinism has come to mean blind attachment to something, such as one’s beliefs or, as it is commonly used today, one’s sex. The word boycott is another word that has a relatively recent origin, and it also originated from a person’s name. In the 1880s, during the struggle between British landowners and Irish tenant farmers, a man by the name of Captain Charles Boycott was hired to collect the rent from the farmers on a large estate in County Mayo. The impoverished Irish peasants, however, got together and decided to ignore Captain Boycott by refusing to pay and expelling him.
【題組】44 According to this passage, which of the following statements is true?
(A)The wordssabotage,” “chauvinism,” and “boycottwere all coined during the French Revolution.
(B)The wordssabotage,” “chauvinism,” and “boycott” all have negative implications. 
(C)The wordssabotage,” “chauvinism,” and “boycott” all originated from people’s names.
(D)The wordssabotage,” “chauvinism,” and “boycott” all came from French.
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答案:B
難度:適中
10
 【站僕】摩檸Morning:有沒有達人來解釋一下?
倒數 1天 ,已有 0 則答案


【題組】45 According to this passage, which of the following statements about word origin is true?
(A)The wordchauvinismoriginated from a French soldier’s blind attachment to his sex.
(B)Captain Boycott was the one who led the protest of the Irish tenant farmers. 
(C)From the origin of words, we can see that new words are coined constantly.
(D)Many French words originated from English names.
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答案:C
難度:適中
10
 【站僕】摩檸Morning:有沒有達人來解釋一下?
倒數 1天 ,已有 0 則答案