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  • 教社.教行.班經筆記 129 by Sing Peng
    教行 / 班經  誰指出構成組織的基本要素有四,包括社會結構、人員、目標、科技,後經學者的修..
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 In business, there is a speed difference: It’s the difference between how important a firm’s leaders say speed is to their competitive (竞争的) strategy(策略)and how fast the company actually moves. 59The difference is important regardless of industry and company size. 57Companies fearful of losing their competitive advantage spend much time and money looking for ways to pick up the speed.
In our study of 343 businesses, 57the companies that chose to go, go, go to try to gain an edge ended with lower sales and operating incomes than those that paused at key moments to make sure they were on the right track. What’s more, the firms that “slowed down to speed up “improved their top and bottom lines, averaging 40% higher sales and 52% higher operating income over a three-year period.58How did they disobey the laws of business physics, taking more time than competitors yet performing better? They thought differently about what “slower” and “faster” mean. Firms sometimes fail to understand the difference between operation speed (moving quickly) and strategic speed (reducing the time it takes to deliver value). Simply increasing the speed of production, for example, may be one way to try to reduce the speed difference. But that often leads to reduced value over time, in the form of lower-quality products and services.
In our study, 59higher performing companies with strategic speed always made changes when necessary. They became and discussion. They encouraged new ways of thinking. And they allowed time to look and learn. By contrast (相比而言),performance suffered at firms that moved fast all the time, paid too much attention to improving efficiency, stuck to tested methods, didn’t develop team spirit among their employees, and had little time thinking about changes.
Strategic speed serves as a kind of leadership. Teams that regularly take time to get things right, rather than plough ahead full bore, are more successful in meeting their business goals. That kind of strategy must come from the top.

【題組】57.What does the underlined part “gain an edge” in Paragraph 2 mean?
(A) Increase the speed.
(B) Get an advantage.
(C) Reach the limit.
(D) Set a goal.
編輯私有筆記及自訂標籤
答案:B
難度:適中
57. In business, there is a speed difference: It’s the difference between how important a firm’s leaders say speed is to their competitive (竞争的) strategy(策略)and how fast the company actually moves. 59The difference is important regardless of industry and company size. 57Companies fearful of losing their competitive advantage spend much time and money looking for ways to pick up the speed. In our study of 343 businesses, 57the companies that chose to go, go, go to try to gain an edge ended with lower sales and operating incomes than those that paused at key moments to make sure they were on the right track. What’s more, the firms that “slowed down to speed up “improved their top and bottom lines, averaging 40% higher sales and 52% higher operating income over a three-year period. 58How did they disobey the laws of business physics, taking more time than competitors yet performing better? They thought differently about what “slower” and “faster” mean. Firms sometimes fail to understand the difference between operation speed (moving quickly) and strategic speed (reducing the time it takes to deliver value). Simply increasing the speed of production, for example, may be one way to try to reduce the speed difference. But that often leads to reduced value over time, in the form of lower-quality products and services. In our study, 59higher performing companies with strategic speed always made changes when necessary. They became and discussion. They encouraged new ways of thinking. And they allowed time to look and learn. By contrast (相比而言),performance suffered at firms that moved fast all the time, paid too much attention to improving efficiency, stuck to tested methods, didn’t develop team spirit among their employees, and had little time thinking about changes. Strategic speed serves as a kind of leadership. Teams that regularly take time to get things right, rather than plough ahead full bore, are more successful in meeting their business goals. That kind of strategy must come from the top. What does the underlined part “gain an edge” in Paragraph 2 mean?
(A) Increase the speed.
(B) Get an advantage.
(C) Reach the limit.
(D) Set a goal.
編輯私有筆記及自訂標籤
答案:B
難度:適中
67. Science can’t explain the power of pets ,but many studies have shown that the company of prts can help lower blood pressure ( 血压) and raise chances of recovering from a heart attack, reduce loneliness and spread all-round good cheer. Any owner will tell you how much joy a pet brings.For some, an animal provides more comfort than a husband/wife . A 2002 study by Karen Allen of the State University of New York measured stress(紧张) levels and blood pressure in people-half of them pet owners –while they performed 5 minutes of mental arithmetic(算术) or held a hand in ice water . Subjects completed the tasks alone , with a husband/wife, a close friend or with a pet . People with pets did it best. Those tested with their animal friends had smaller change in blood pressure and returned most quick to base line beart rates. With pets in the room, people also made fewer math mistakes that when doing in front of other companions. It seems people feel more relaxed (放松) around pets, says Allen, who thinks it may be because pets don’t judge. A study reported last fall suggests that having a pet dog not only raises your spirits but may also have an effect on your eating habits. Researchers at Northwestern Memorial Hospital spent a year studying 36 fat people and their equally fatdogs on diet-and-exercise programs; a separate group of 56 people without pets were put on a diet program. On average, people lost about 11 pounds, or 5% of their body weight. Dog owners didn’t lose any more weight than those without dogs but, say researchers, got more exercise overall-mostly with their dogs-and found it worth doing. What does the texomainly discuss?
(A) What pots bring to their owners.
(B) How pets help people calm down.
(C) People’s opinions of keeping pets.
(D) Pet’s value in medical research.
編輯私有筆記及自訂標籤
答案:A
難度:適中
 Sometimes, something that is considered to be negative turns out to be an advantage on the  
job. Though he is only 18 years old and blind, Suleyman Gokyigit is among the top computer   
technicians and programmers at InteliData Technologies Corp., a large software company with   
several offices across the United States.  
     "After our company united with another one last October, two different computer networks  
were driving us crazy," recalls Douglas Braun, the InteliData president. "We couldn't even send  
e-mail to each other." In three weeks Mr. Gokyigit created the software needed to connect the two  
networks. "None of the company's 350 other employees could have done the job in three months,"  
says Mr. Braun. "Suleyman can 'see' into the heart of the computer."  
      Mr. Gokyigit's gift, as Mr. Braun calls it, is an unusual ability to form an idea of the inside  of a machine. "The computer permits me to reach out into the world and do almost anything I  
want to do," says Mr. Gokyigit.  
      The young programmer is at home with hardware as well, thanks partly to a highly  
developed sense of touch. Mitzi Nowakowski, an office manager at InteliData, remembers how he  
easily disconnected and reconnected their computer systems during a move last year. "Through  
feel, Suleyman can find the position of connectors, pins and wires much faster than most other  
people with sight," he says.  
     Much of the student programmer's speed comes from his ability not to be interrupted while  
at the computer. When typing, he listens carefully to the synthesizer (合成器). His long, thin  
fingers fly over the keyboard. "Nothing seems to shake his attention," says Mrs. Nowakowski, his  
boss.  
    Mr. Gokyigit is the only company employee who is available (可找到的) 24 hours a day.  
"We consider him our top problem solver," says Mr. Braun.  

【題組】66. What does the text mainly tell us?
(A)Computer technicians are more likely to be gifted.
(B)One's disadvantages may prove to be advantages.
(C)The disabled can also play an important role in society.
(D)Top computer scientists have unusual abilities to form ideas of computers.
編輯私有筆記及自訂標籤
答案:B
難度:適中
Sometimes, something that is considered to be negative turns out to be an advantage on the job. Though he is only 18 years old and blind, Suleyman Gokyigit is among the top computer technicians and programmers at InteliData Technologies Corp., a large software company with several offices across the United States. "After our company united with another one last October, two different computer networks were driving us crazy," recalls Douglas Braun, the InteliData president. "We couldn't even send e-mail to each other." In three weeks Mr. Gokyigit created the software needed to connect the two networks. "None of the company's 350 other employees could have done the job in three months," says Mr. Braun. "Suleyman can 'see' into the heart of the computer." Mr. Gokyigit's gift, as Mr. Braun calls it, is an unusual ability to form an idea of the inside of a machine. "The computer permits me to reach out into the world and do almost anything I want to do," says Mr. Gokyigit. The young programmer is at home with hardware as well, thanks partly to a highly developed sense of touch. Mitzi Nowakowski, an office manager at InteliData, remembers how he easily disconnected and reconnected their computer systems during a move last year. "Through feel, Suleyman can find the position of connectors, pins and wires much faster than most other people with sight," he says. Much of the student programmer's speed comes from his ability not to be interrupted while at the computer. When typing, he listens carefully to the synthesizer (合成器). His long, thin fingers fly over the keyboard. "Nothing seems to shake his attention," says Mrs. Nowakowski, his boss. Mr. Gokyigit is the only company employee who is available (可找到的) 24 hours a day. "We consider him our top problem solver," says Mr. Braun.
【題組】66. What does the text mainly tell us?
(A) Computer technicians are more likely to be gifted.
(B) One's disadvantages may prove to be advantages.
(C) The disabled can also play an important role in society.
(D) Top computer scientists have unusual abilities to form ideas of computers.
編輯私有筆記及自訂標籤
答案:B
難度:適中