21. " Justsignhere, sir," the deliverymansaid as he handedOscarReyna a package.
The packageconsisted of a long , narrow box ___21____ wrapped in brownpaper. __22___ the box , Oscar saw an umbrellainside—— a very old one with a beautifullycarvedhandle. ____23___He had not seen it in morethan 20 years , he recognized it ____24____.
Oscar was 16 when he first saw the ___25____ umbrella. He had gone to a concertwith his grandparents. As theywereleaving , he noticed an umbrella on an emptyseat. Impressed by its ____26____, Oscarfelt a strongdesire to find its ___27____.
Oscar ___28____ the manager to look in the record of advanceticketsales. Just as he thought, a namematched the seat ____29___ Oscar had found the umbrella . The name was Mrs. Katie O'brien.
Oscartalked his grandparentsintogoing by Mrs O'brien's ___30____ on their way home. He rang the bell , the dooropened, and an elderlywomanappeared. "May I __31___ you ? "she asked.
"I'd like to return it if its yours," Oscarsaid , ____32____ the umbrella as if presenting a ___33___ that had longbeenwished for.
"Why , yes! it's mine, "replied Mrs. Brienwith a ___34____ smile and shiningeyes. " It was given to by my fatheryears ago. Thank you so much for returning it. May I offer you a reward for your ____35____ ? "
" No, ma'am , " he said " my grandmothersays a gooddeed is its own reward."
" Well, that 's ____36_____ my fatherused to say. What is yourname , Young man ?"
Yearslater, Oscar was staring at the finelycarvedhandle of the umbrella as he remember Mrs. O' Brien . It was in perfectcondition, considering how__37__ it was. Why had it arrivedheretoday?
As if ___38____, a notefellfrom the paper. It read: Mrs O'brienwanted you to ___39___ thisumbrella as a present for a kind, __40___gesturelong ago.
(A) strictly (B) carefully (C) roughly (D) casually
第 36 至 39 題為題組
Fabergé eggs are jeweledeggsthatweremade by the famousRussianjeweler, the House of Fabergé,from 1885 to 1917. The eggsweremade of valuablemetals or stonescoatedwithbeautifulcolors and
The firstFabergé egg was crafted for TsarAlexander III, who gave his wife, the EmpressMariaFedorovna, an Easter egg to celebratetheir 20th weddinganniversary. He placed an orderwith a youngjeweler, PeterCarlFabergé, whosebeautifulcreations had caughtMaria’s eye earlier. On Eastermorning of 1885, whatappeared to be a simpleenameled egg was delivered to the palace. But to the delightoftheEmpress, the egg opened to a goldenyolk; within the yolk was a golden hen; and concealedwithin
the hen was a diamondminiature of the royalcrown and a tinyruby egg. Unfortunately, the last two surprises are now lost to history.
EmpressMaria was so delighted by thisgiftthatAlexanderappointedFabergé a “goldsmithbyspecialappointment to the ImperialCrown.” The TsaralsoaskedFabergé to make an Easter egg everyyear. The requirementswerestraightforward: Each egg must be unique, and eachmustcontain a pleasantsurprise. Withexcellentcraftsmanship and an inventivespirit, PeterFabergé and his successorsrepeatedly met the challenge. The House of Fabergé madeapproximately 50 ImperialEasterEggs for TsarAlexander III and his son Nicholas II until 1917, when the Russianrevolutionbroke out.
Today, the term “Fabergé eggs” has become a synonym of luxury and the eggs are regardedasmasterpieces of the jeweler’s art. Moresignificantly, perhaps, theyserve as reminders of the lastRussianimperialfamily.
【題組】38. Whatdoes it mean by “PeterFabergé and his successorsrepeatedly met the challenge” in the thirdparagraph?
(A)Theyrepeatedtheirdesignsover and over.
(B) Theyfulfilled the Tsar’s requirementseachtime.
(C) Theychallenged the Tsar’s expectationseveryyear.
(D)Theywerefacedwithunexpecteddifficultiestime and again.
Thisgreen and blueplanetspinning in space is underseverestress. If we
continue to exploit the planet at the presentrate,human and animallifewill be
threatened. Humanpridewill be followed by nature’s punishment. To save our earth
and ourselves,we needfirstdevelop an unbiasedunderstanding of ourselves,nature
Everyoneunderstands the meaning of the sentence“Man shouldrespectanimallife and
nature”. But the exactmeaning of man,nature and animallife is not alwaysclear.
Manyrefer to man and animals as if theywereessentiallydifferent. I consider man
to be an animal and onlydiffering in degree and not in kindfromotheranimals.
Although I discuss in conventionaltermshumanrights and animalrights as if theywereseparate,strictlyspeaking,humanrightsshould be considered a branch of animalrights.
The word“nature”is one of the mostcomplexwords in the language,but it has
developedthreemainareas of meaning. These are,first,the essentialquality and
character of something（as in humannature,or the nature of wood）;second,the
inherentforcewhichinfluences the world（as in MotherNature）;third,the entireworlditself. The last can be taken to include or to excludehumanbeings,as the
phrase man and the naturalworldimplies.
I considerhumans to be an integralpart of nature, althoughthey are also the
beingsmostcapable of interferingwith its processes.Unfortunately a centraldriveofWestern“man”has been to conquer“nature”, as if it were an objectseparatefrom him.Hence it has becomecommon to distinguishbetweenwhat is
natural（existingwithout man’s interference）and artificial（manmade）.In this
way, naturalgrowth is opposed to education, civilization to the naturalstate.For
manyurbanpeoplelivingpermanentlyamongconcrete and glass, natureitself has
come to meanlittlemorethan the countryside.And thisnotion of opposition is
where the seed of potentialdestructionlies.
【題組】35). The verylastsentence of the passageimpliesthat ______.
(A). urbanizationviolates the peace of the countryside (B). the people in the citiescannotenjoy the nature’s beauty (C). man cannotdestroynature, as they are differentfromeachother (D). if man goesagainstnature, the worldwillprobably be destroyed
Established in 1910 and built on 90 acres, the St. Louis Zoo is in manywaysarchetypal of institutionsstruggling to adaptfrom a late-19th-centuryconcept to a 21st-centurycrisismanagementcenter. In theirfirstcentury, Americanzoospluckedexoticanimalsfrom the wild and exploitedthemmainly for entertainmentvalue, throwing in somewildlifeeducation and a touch of preservation. Whenwildernessbegandisappearing, causinganimals to fail at an acceleratingpace, zoo officialsbecamerescuers and protectors. Since the 1980s, zooshavedevelopedcoordinatedbreedingprogramsthathavebroughtdozens of animals, like the goldenliontamarin of Brazil, backfrom the brink. To conserveanimalseffectively, however, zoo officialsmustwinnowspecies in theircare and devotemoreresources to a chosen few. The result is thatzookeepers, usuallyanimallovers to the core, are increasinglybeingpressedintomakingcoldcalculationsaboutwhichanimals are the mostcrucial to save. Sometimes, the burdenfeelslesslikeNoahbuilding an ark and morelikeSchindlermaking a list. All sorts of criteria are considered, includinguniqueness, level of endangerment in the wild, importance of the animal’s ecologicalrole, and whetherthere is an adequatepopulation in captivity for effectivebreeding. 9 Zoos are essentiallygiven a menu of endangeredspeciesthat the Association of Zoos & Aquariums is trying to maintain and can thenchooseaccording to theirparticularneeds. But finaldecisions are often as muchaboutheart as logic. Whenthosedecisions are made, the consequences can feelbrutal. For 20 years, keepers at the St. Louis Zoo worked to understand the habits of endangeredMhorrgazelles, a gracefulkind of antelopes, in theircare. The animals had beensqueezed out of the grasslandsthatborder the Sahara by increasedcattleranching. Eighteenbabieswereborn at the zoo duringthattime, a healthyrate. But thenwithfewerthan 50 Mhorrsleft in zoos in NorthAmerica, there was not enoughgeneticdiversity to reproducewithout a risk of inbreeding. So, in 2008, a NorthAmericanadvisorygroup on the viability of hoofedspeciesrecommendedthat the animals be phased out of NorthAmericanzoos and spacegiven to anothersubspecies of endangeredgazellewithmorepromisingprospects. Sea lions are doingfine in the wild for now, but the St. Louis Zoo, which is taxpayersubsidized, decided to spend $18 million on a new pool, expected to be completednextyear, thatwill be filtered and ozonated for clarity. Why? Because sea lions are one of the mostpopularattractions and theirhome was decrepit. Moneyalso had to be spent on new restrooms and extraparking, meaningthatstatedprioritieslikebreedingspace for endangeredanimals and a frozenpool for walruseswereshelved. 【題組】Which of the followingstatements is trueabout sea lions?
(A) Theirhome was a poolfilledwithozonatedwater.
(B) They are kept in the zoo mainly for entertainment.
(C) They are going to share the new poolwithwalruses.
(D) Theywere the zoo’s firstpriority to spendtaxpayers’ money on.