IV. Reading comprehension: 24% (每題 2 分)
(A) Do you know that jogging regularly is good for your memory? Scientists at Cambridge University have shown that
running makes the brain grow fresh grey matter and it has a big effect on mental ability.
According to their research, a few days of running led to the growth of hundreds of thousands of brain cells that improved
the ability to recall memories without confusing them, a skill that is very important for learning and other cognitive tasks,
researchers said. P. 4
The new brain cells appeared in an area that is linked to the formation and recall of memory. The work reveals why
jogging and other aerobic exercise can improve memory and learning, and potentially slow down the failure of mental ability in
Scientists are unsure why exercise causes the growth of grey matter, but it may be linked to increased blood flow or
higher levels of hormones that are released while exercising. In an experiment, they studied two groups of mice, one of which
had unlimited access to a running wheel throughout. The other mice, remained sedentary, formed another group.
After training sessions, the mice in the exercising group scored almost twice as highly as the other mice in a repeated
memory test for a sugar reward. On the other hand, the sedentary mice gradually worsened at the test. To sum up, exercising
regularly not only can help us lose some extra fat, but it can also help us build up better memory. So before each exam, besides
studying at your desk, try going for a run every day, and you may be surprised by how much more you can remember from
【題組】45. What is the best title for this article?
(A) Mice Help Improve Our Memory
(B) Start to Forget Things? Try Jogging Every Day!
(C) Being a Runner Cures All!
(D) The Development of Human Brains
(B) Have you ever seen pictures of Dalmatian dogs riding on the fire trucks of long ago? One hundred years ago, these
beautiful dogs with white fur and black spots were a common sight on horse-drawn fire engines. Why were these dogs chosen
by the firefighters to be their traveling companions?
Dalmatians, a lean, shorthaired dog, are best known for their lovely white coat of fur and their unique black or brown spots.
For hundreds of years, Dalmatian dogs have been a great helper to people. Long ago, Dalmatians were used as shepherds,
hunters and guard dogs. Dalmatians became known as “coach dogs” because they ran along next to horse-drawn carriages and
helped to drive away bandits and farm animals that may have wandered into the road. The Dalmatian lived in stables and got
along very well with horses. The ability to live and work comfortably with horses is what led the Dalmatian to become a fire
house mascot in the United States. Dalmatians helped to keep the road clear for the quickly moving fire trucks. They could be
seen riding on the trucks or racing alongside the horses as they hurried to the scene of a blazing fire.
When cars were invented, horse-drawn carriages became less common. Dalmatians were no longer needed to help clear the
path for the quickly moving horses. Even though we no longer use Dalmatian dogs on fire engines, we should not forget the
important job that these hard-working dogs had in the years before the invention of the car. Dalmatian dogs are truly one of
human’s best friends!
1988 A: Have you ever talked with the new girl? B: I'd love to, ______. A: How about beginning a conversation by talking about weather? B: Sounds good. (A) and I'm a good talker (B) but I don't know what to say (C) but I don't have a goo