Musterbation is a term coined by Dr. Albert Ellis. It refers to emotional and cognitive demands that result in
self-defeating behavior and 31 terms such as “should, must, awful, need, have to, etc.” According to Dr. Ellis, people don’t just get upset; they 32 their own upsetness. That is, things don’t disturb
people, but rather their view of things disturbs them. And the way people feel is mostly influenced by how they think. This
is the main idea behind Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT), his most important contribution to psychology.
From the perspective of REBT, we always have the power to think. And we have the power to think about our
thinking. We also have the power to think about thinking about our thinking. So, this means we have the power to control
how much we are thinking about being upset. And 33 , we have the power to change our upsetness.
When we hold irrational beliefs about us or the world, that’s when we create problems since irrational beliefs are
self-harming. They contain unrealistic expectations and are often most unlikely to work. People who keep following these
principles are more likely to live 34 lives.
The goal of REBT is to help people change their irrational beliefs and negative thinking patterns in order to
overcome mental distress. Some of the irrational beliefs we all have are actually the “musts” we impose on ourselves and
these are the very things that bring us down or hold us back. Dr. Ellis called this situation “musterbation.” He thinks that if
we don’t musterbate, then we won’t awfulize, terribilize, or catastrophize, and so we won’t put ourselves down. 35
we recognize that our “musts” are just very rigid expectations we are putting on ourselves, we will be relieved from the
intensity of the negative self-defeating and the irrational beliefs we have about ourselves.
(A) contribute to
(B) implore for
(C) stave off
(D) veer away from