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Facial expressions carry meaning that is determined by situations and relationships.For example, in American culture (文化) the smile is in general an expression of pleasure.Yet it also has other uses.A woman's smile at a police officer does not carry the same meaning as the smile she gives to a young child.A smile may show love or politeness.It can also hide true feelings.It often causes confusion (困惑) across cultures.For example, many people in Russia smiling at strangers in public to be unusual and even improper.Yet many Americans smile freely at strangers in public places (although this is less common in big cities).Some Russians believe that Americans smile in the wrong places; some Americans believe that Russians don't smile enough.In Southeast Asian culture, a smile is frequently used to cover painful feelings.Vietnamese people may tell a sad story but end the story with a smile.
  Our faces show emotions (情感), but we should not attempt to “read” people from another culture as we would “read” someone from our own culture.The fact that members of one culture do not express their emotions as openly as do members of another does not mean that they do not experience emotions.Rather, there are cultural differences in the amount of facial expressions permitted.For example, in public and in formal situations many Japanese do not show their emotions as freely as Americans do.When with friends, Japanese and Americans seem to show their emotions similarly.
  It is difficult to generalize about Americans and facial expressiveness because of personal and cultural differences in the United States.People from certain cultural backgrounds in the United States seem to be more facially expressive than others.The key is to try not to judge people whose ways of showing emotion are different.If we judge according to our own cultural habits, we may make the mistake of “reading” the other person incorrectly.


【題組】48.Where can you probably find the text?   
(A)In a popular magazine.
(B)In a tourist guidebook.   
(C)In a physics textbook.
(D)In an official report.
編輯私有筆記及自訂標籤
答案:A
難度:適中
Facial expressions carry meaning that is determined by situations and relationships.For example, in American culture (文化) the smile is in general an expression of pleasure.Yet it also has other uses.A woman's smile at a police officer does not carry the same meaning as the smile she gives to a young child.A smile may show love or politeness.It can also hide true feelings.It often causes confusion (困惑) across cultures.For example, many people in Russia smiling at strangers in public to be unusual and even improper.Yet many Americans smile freely at strangers in public places (although this is less common in big cities).Some Russians believe that Americans smile in the wrong places; some Americans believe that Russians don't smile enough.In Southeast Asian culture, a smile is frequently used to cover painful feelings.Vietnamese people may tell a sad story but end the story with a smile.
  Our faces show emotions (情感), but we should not attempt to “read” people from another culture as we would “read” someone from our own culture.The fact that members of one culture do not express their emotions as openly as do members of another does not mean that they do not experience emotions.Rather, there are cultural differences in the amount of facial expressions permitted.For example, in public and in formal situations many Japanese do not show their emotions as freely as Americans do.When with friends, Japanese and Americans seem to show their emotions similarly.
  It is difficult to generalize about Americans and facial expressiveness because of personal and cultural differences in the United States.People from certain cultural backgrounds in the United States seem to be more facially expressive than others.The key is to try not to judge people whose ways of showing emotion are different.If we judge according to our own cultural habits, we may make the mistake of “reading” the other person incorrectly.


【題組】48.Where can you probably find the text?   
(A)In a popular magazine.
(B)In a tourist guidebook.   
(C)In a physics textbook.
(D)In an official report.
編輯私有筆記及自訂標籤
答案:A
難度:適中
Facial expressions carry meaning that is determined by situations and relationships.For example, in American culture (文化) the smile is in general an expression of pleasure.Yet it also has other uses.A woman's smile at a police officer does not carry the same meaning as the smile she gives to a young child.A smile may show love or politeness.It can also hide true feelings.It often causes confusion (困惑) across cultures.For example, many people in Russia smiling at strangers in public to be unusual and even improper.Yet many Americans smile freely at strangers in public places (although this is less common in big cities).Some Russians believe that Americans smile in the wrong places; some Americans believe that Russians don't smile enough.In Southeast Asian culture, a smile is frequently used to cover painful feelings.Vietnamese people may tell a sad story but end the story with a smile.
  Our faces show emotions (情感), but we should not attempt to “read” people from another culture as we would “read” someone from our own culture.The fact that members of one culture do not express their emotions as openly as do members of another does not mean that they do not experience emotions.Rather, there are cultural differences in the amount of facial expressions permitted.For example, in public and in formal situations many Japanese do not show their emotions as freely as Americans do.When with friends, Japanese and Americans seem to show their emotions similarly.
  It is difficult to generalize about Americans and facial expressiveness because of personal and cultural differences in the United States.People from certain cultural backgrounds in the United States seem to be more facially expressive than others.The key is to try not to judge people whose ways of showing emotion are different.If we judge according to our own cultural habits, we may make the mistake of “reading” the other person incorrectly.


【題組】48.Where can you probably find the text?   
(A)In a popular magazine.
(B)In a tourist guidebook.   
(C)In a physics textbook.
(D)In an official report.
編輯私有筆記及自訂標籤
答案:A
難度:適中
五、閱讀測驗(20%,每題2分) 
Part A.

         Being a student, you may be busy. Sometimes, it probably seems that you don’t have enough time to get all your work done. However, there are a few things you can do to manage your study time better.

To begin with, prioritize your tasks. This means deciding which of the things you need to get done are of most importance. Use an A-B-C rating system to do this. Write an “A” next to the most important task, then a “B” to the next most important one, and so on. By putting your tasks in order of importance, you will know exactly what needs to be done first.

Next, do some planning. Although you are busy, it is wise to take a moment to think about how you should do your work before you start it. For instance, try to determine if a big job on your list can be broken down into smaller parts, since it is often easier and quicker to finish small parts. Also, decide if any of the tasks on your list can be done at the same time, since this will save you time.

Finally, use different time management tools, such as calendars and “to-do” lists. Be sure to write down an exact time for studying in your calendar, and make “to-do” lists for both the day and the week. If you use these tools well, you’ll be able to make better use of your time.
By following these tips, you will not only manage your study time better, but you may even find that you have more time to do a lot of other things.


【題組】46. Where can you probably find the article?
(A) In a school newspaper.
(B) In a fashion magazine.
(C) In a science report.
(D) In a travel guide.
編輯私有筆記及自訂標籤
答案: [無官方正解]
難度:適中
41-45 What we today call America folk art was, indeed, art of, by, and for ordinary, everyday "folks" who, with increasing prosperity and leisure, created a market for art of all kinds, and especially for portraits. Citizens of prosperous, essentially middle-class republics—whether ancient Romans, seventeenth-century Dutch burghers, or nineteenth-century Americans—have always shown a marked taste for portraiture. Starting in the late eighteenth century, the United States contained increasing numbers of such people, and of the artists how could meet their demands. The earliest American folk art portraits come, not surprisingly, from New England—especially Connecticut and Massachusetts—for this was a wealthy and populous region and the center of a strong craft tradition. Within a few decades after the signing of the Declaration of Independence in 1776, the population was pushing westward, and portrait painters could be found at work in western New York, Ohio, Kentucky, Illinois, and Missouri. Midway through its first century as a nation, the United States' population had increased roughly five times, and eleven new states had been added to the original thirteen. During these years the demand for portraits grew and grew, eventually to be satisfied by the camera. In 1839 the daguerreotype was introduced to America, ushering in the age of photography, and within a generation the new invention put an end to the popularity of painted portraits. Once again an original portrait became a luxury, commissioned by the wealthy and executed by the professional. But in the heyday of portrait painting—from the late eighteenth century until the 1850's—anyone with a modicum of artistic ability could become a limner, as such a portraitist was called. Local craftspeople—sign, coach, and house painters—began to paint portraits as a profitable sideline; sometimes a talented man or woman who began by sketching family members gained a local reputation and was besieged with requests for portraits; artists found it worth their while to pack their paints, canvases, and brushes and to travel the countryside, often combining house decorating with portrait painting.
【題組】42. According to the passage, where were many of the first American folk art portraits painted?
(A) In western New York.
(B) In Illinois and Missouri.
(C) In Connecticut and Massachusetts.
(D) In Ohio.
編輯私有筆記及自訂標籤
答案:C
難度:簡單
1F
Allison Tu 高三下 (2012/02/16 19:13)
太長了,懶得看