According to a recent survey conducted by the International
Telecommunication Union, there are six billion mobile phone service
subscriptions 31 worldwide. In developed countries, close to half of
the cell phones being used are smartphones. Although these devices
are great for many things, they are also the source of several problems.
Etiquette experts agree that smartphones are taking their _32
on modern manners. In the past, giving one’s undivided attention to
others when meeting was the norm. Now, checking social networking
sites via a phone while mid-conversation is a regular occurrence. In fact,
eight out of ten smartphone users state that they have no 33 about
using their phones at least occasionally in social settings. When these
users are indifferent about how they could be affecting others, it can
be unpleasant for people in their vicinity. The competing sounds of
numerous smartphone games being played 34 on public
transportation is becoming all too common, as is having a darkened
movie theater illuminated by people who can’t wait to answer their texts.
Social interactions aren’t the only things 35 ; a number of new
mental issues are also being attributed to the widespread use of cell
phones. One of these is Nomophobia (a blend of “no mobile phone
phobia”), an overwhelming fear of being out of mobile phone contact.
For people with this phobia, the idea of being unable to use their cell
phone is more frightening than an appointment to the dentist; 36 ,
they often own multiple phones so that they are safeguarded from
ever being without one. In the U.S. and U.K., around 40% of
smartphone owners are estimated to have at least a mild form of this.
Phantom Ringing Syndrome, sometimes referred to by its _37
name Ringxiety, has also become quite common. When people receive
calls, texts, instant messages, and other alerts frequently, their brains
are in a state of constant anticipation. This sometimes causes one to
imagine that he or she hears a phone ringing or vibrating when it really
isn’t. Studies show that over 60% of cell phone users experience this,
and the 38_ of it happening increases with the amount of time spent
on one’s phone.
Smartphones have become such an integral part of modern life
that 80% of users believe they couldn’t live without them. In one survey,
almost a third of the people interviewed said they wouldn’t give up their
devices for a single day even if they received monetary compensation.
Additionally, in an online questionnaire 22% of those who responded
said they would give up their toothbrushes 39 their smartphones.
Although smartphone addiction is a relatively new concept, there is
evidence that some users could be greatly affected by it.
While it can’t 40 that smartphones provide many benefits to
their users, it would be wise for everyone to monitor their own usage
to prevent any significant problems from developing.
【題組】38. (A) alienation (B) incredulity
(C) perplexity (D) likelihood