According to a recentsurveyconducted by the InternationalTelecommunicationUnion, there are six billionmobilephoneservicesubscriptions 31 worldwide. In developedcountries, close to half of
the cellphonesbeingused are smartphones. Althoughthesedevices
are great for manythings, they are also the source of severalproblems.
Etiquetteexpertsagreethatsmartphones are takingtheir _32
on modernmanners. In the past, giving one’s undividedattention to
otherswhenmeeting was the norm. Now, checkingsocialnetworkingsites via a phonewhile mid-conversation is a regularoccurrence. In fact,
eight out of ten smartphoneusersstatethattheyhave no 33 aboutusingtheirphones at leastoccasionally in socialsettings. Whentheseusers are indifferentabout how theycould be affectingothers, it can
be unpleasant for people in theirvicinity. The competingsounds of
numeroussmartphonegamesbeingplayed 34 on publictransportation is becoming all too common, as is having a darkenedmovietheaterilluminated by people who can’t wait to answertheirtexts.
Socialinteractionsaren’t the onlythings 35 ; a number of new
mentalissues are alsobeingattributed to the widespread use of cellphones. One of these is Nomophobia (a blend of “no mobilephonephobia”), an overwhelmingfear of being out of mobilephonecontact.
For peoplewiththisphobia, the idea of beingunable to use theircellphone is morefrighteningthan an appointment to the dentist; 36 ,
theyoften own multiplephones so thatthey are safeguardedfromeverbeingwithout one. In the U.S. and U.K., around 40% of
smartphoneowners are estimated to have at least a mildform of this.
PhantomRingingSyndrome, sometimesreferred to by its _37
nameRingxiety, has alsobecomequitecommon. Whenpeoplereceivecalls, texts, instantmessages, and otheralertsfrequently, theirbrains
are in a state of constantanticipation. Thissometimescauses one to
imaginethat he or she hears a phoneringing or vibratingwhen it really
isn’t. Studiesshowthatover 60% of cellphoneusersexperiencethis,
and the 38_ of it happeningincreaseswith the amount of timespent
on one’s phone.
Smartphoneshavebecomesuch an integralpart of modernlifethat 80% of usersbelievetheycouldn’t livewithoutthem. In one survey,
almost a third of the peopleinterviewedsaidtheywouldn’t give up theirdevices for a single day even if theyreceivedmonetarycompensation.
Additionally, in an onlinequestionnaire 22% of those who respondedsaidtheywouldgive up theirtoothbrushes 39 theirsmartphones.
Althoughsmartphoneaddiction is a relatively new concept, there is
evidencethatsomeuserscould be greatlyaffected by it.
While it can’t 40 thatsmartphonesprovidemanybenefits to
theirusers, it would be wise for everyone to monitortheir own usage
to prevent any significantproblemsfromdeveloping.
【題組】38. (A) alienation (B) incredulity (C) perplexity (D) likelihood