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37 依據美國 National Kidney Foundation 之定義將慢性腎臟疾病分為五期,下列用以分期之項目名稱及數值單位的配對中,何者正確?
(A) 肌酸酐廓清率(creatinine clearance),單位 mL/min
(B) 腎絲球過濾速率(glomerular filtration rate),單位 mL/min
(C) 肌酸酐廓清率(creatinine clearance),單位 mL/min/1.73 m 2
(D) 腎絲球過濾速率(glomerular filtration rate),單位 mL/min/1.73 m 2
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答案:D
難度:適中
1F
Swear (2015/05/12 06:26)
慢性腎臟病分期是以腎絲球濾過率為依據分為五期
第1期:腎功能正常但有腎臟實質傷害,如微量蛋白尿者。GFR:≧90 ml /min/1.73 m2
第2期:輕度慢性腎功能障礙且有腎臟實質傷害,如微量蛋白尿者。GFR:60 - 89 ml/min/1.73 m2
第3期:中度慢性腎功能障礙,GFR:30 - 59 ml/min/1.73 m2
第4期:重度慢性腎衰竭,GFR:15 - 29 ml/min/1.73 m2
第5期:末期腎臟病變,GFR:<15 ml/min/1.73 m2
39. Judy: John is in hospital. Sarah: Oh, __________________ Judy: He has a kidney problem.
(A) he's very hospitable.
(B) that's very nice of him.
(C) it's good to see him.
(D) is it anything serious?
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答案:D
難度:非常簡單
1F
hosanfeng 大二上 (2013/11/20 14:19)
 kidney

【解】腎臟[C]

Part III Reading Comprehension (30 marks) Directions: Read the following three passages., Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B),C) and D). Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage. A L1PITOR ABOUT LIPITOR Lipitor is a prescription medicine.Along with diet and exercise,it lowers “bad,’ Cholesterol (胆固醇) in your blood.It can also raise “good'’ cholesterol• Lipitor can lower the risk of heart attack in patients with several common risk factors, including family history of early heart disease,high blood pressure,age and smokin. WHO IS LIPITOR FOR? Who can take LIPITOR: .People who cannot lower their cholesterol enough with diet and exercise •Adults and children over l0 Who should NOT take LIPITOR: .Women who are pregnant,may be pregnant,or may become pregnant. Lipitor may harm your unborn baby. .women who are breast-feeding.Lipitor can pass into your breast milk and may harm your baby. •People with liver(肝脏)problems POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS OF LIPITOR Serious side effects in a small number of people: .Muscle(肌肉)problems that can lead to kidney(肾脏)problems,including kidney failure .Liver problems.Your doctor may do blood tests to check your liver before you start Lipitor and while you are taking it. Call your doctor right away if you have: .Unexplained muscle pain or weakness,especially if you have a fever or feel very fired .Swelling of the face,lips,tongue,and/or throat that may cause difficulty in breathing or swallowing •Stomach pain Some common side effects of LIPITOR are: •Muscle pain •Upset stomach •Changes in some blood tests HOW TO TAKE LIPITOR DO: ’Take Lipitor as prescribed by your doctor. ‘Try to eat heart-healthy foods while you take Lipitor. ‘Take Lipitor at any time of day, with or without food. ‘If you miss a dose(一剂),take it as soon as you remember.But if it has been more than 12 hours since your missed dose,wait.Take the next dose at your regular time. Don’t: ‘Do not change or stop your dose before talking to your doctor. •Do not start new medicines before talking to your doctor.
【題組】59. Which of the following is a common side effect of taking Lipitor?
(A). Face swelling.
(B). Upset stomach.
(C). Kidney failure..
(D). Muscle weakness.
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答案:B
難度:適中
10 下列何種手術之臥位適用於下腹部或骨盆腔手術?
(A)抬頭仰臥式(Reverse trendelenburg position)
(B)辛式臥位(Sims’ position)
(C)垂頭仰臥式(Trendelenburg position)
(D)腎臥位(Lateral kidney position)
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答案:C
難度:適中

10
 【站僕】摩檸Morning:有沒有達人來解釋一下?
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28.通常非類固醇抗發炎藥品(NSAIDs)造成急性腎損傷(acute kidney injury)的原因為何?
(A)入球小動脈收縮
(B)出球小動脈放鬆
(C)入球小動脈放鬆
(D)出球小動脈收縮
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答案:A
難度:適中
最佳解!
Tsun-Jung Zhou 國二下 (2015/01/29 21:08)
急性腎損傷(Acute Kidney Injury)的原因,有:(A) 入球小動脈收縮:NSAID、Ampho.....觀看完整全文,請先登入
P.VK(高二上):
急性腎損傷(Acute Kidney I..

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2F
Jason Chen 國三下 (2015/05/14 11:39)
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