The lack of printingregulations and the unenforceabiliy of Britishcopyright law
in the Americancoloniesmade it possible for colonialprintersoccasionally to act as
publishers. Althoughtheyrarelyundertookmajorpublishingprojectbecause it was
difficult to sellbooks as cheaply as theycould be importedfromEurope, printers in
(5) Philadelphia did publishworkthatrequiredonlysmallamounts of capital, paper, and
type. Broadsidescould be publishedwithminimalfinancialrisk. Consisting of only one
sheet of paper and requiringsmallamounts of type, broadsidesinvolvedlowerinvestments
of capitalthanlongerworks. Furthermore, the broadsideformatlentitselt to subjects of
high, if temporary, interest, enablingthem to meetwithreadysale. If the broadsideprinter
(10) miscalculated, however, and produced a sheetthat did not sell, it was not likely to be a
majorloss, and the printerwouldknowthisimmediately, Therewould be no agonizingwaitwithlargeamounts of capitaltied up, booksgatheringdust on the shelves, and creditorsimpatient for payment
In addition to broadsides, books and pamphlets, consistingmainly of politicaltracts,
(15) catechisms, primers, and chapbookswererelativelyinexpensive to print and to buy.
Chapbookwerepamphlet-sizedbooks, usuallycontainingpopulartales, ballads, poems,
shortplays, and jokes, small, both in formal and number of pages, theyweregenerallyboundsimply, in boards (a form of cardboard) or merelystitched in paperwrappers (a
sewnantecedent of modern-day paperbacks). Pamphlets and chapbooks did not require
(20) finepaper or a greatdeal of type to producetheycouldthus be printed in large, costeffectiveeditions and soldcheaply.
By far, the mostappealingpublishinginvestmentswere to be found in smallbooksthat
had proven to be steadysellers, providing a reasonablyreliablesource of income for the
publisher. Theywould not, by nature, be highlytopical or political, as suchpublications
(25) wouldprove of fleetinginterest. Almanacs, annualpublicationsthatcontainedinformation
on astronomy and weatherpatternsarrangedaccording to the days, week, and months of
a givenyear, provided the perfectsteadysellerbecausetheirinformationpertained to the
locale in whichtheywould be used 【題組】38. The word "locale" in line 28 is closest in
(A) topic (B) season (C) interest (D) place
Ho 國三下 (2016/10/27 19:50) locale現場 potray描繪 扮演 backdrop背景。panorama全景
25 Mi scusi, ma io non avevoordinatodellelasagne! Vorrei un’insalatamista, per favore! (A)Sei al ristorante e chiedi al cameriere di portare un piatto di lasagnedopo l’insalatamista.
(B)Sei al ristorante e il cameriere ha sbagliato la tua ordinazione.
(C)Chiedi ad un cameriere se nel suo localeservonolasagne.
(D)Al ristorante il cameriere si scusa per aversbagliato l’ordine.