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20 Many native speakers use so much _________ when they talk to each other that foreign travellers have a hard time understanding what they are talking about.
(A)clash
(B) fraud
(C) hunch
(D) slang
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答案:D
難度: 適中
最佳解!
777-300ER 小二上 (2019/06/13)
(A) clash 打鬥(B) frau☆ ★★........


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1F
sam8038 大一上 (2017/10/08)

(B) (C) (D) 選項錯誤

應為

(B) fraud

(C) hunch

(D) slang

2F
【站僕】摩檸Morning 小六下 (2017/10/11)
原本題目:

20 Many native speakers use so much _________ when they talk to each other that foreign travellers have a hard time understanding what they are talking about. (A)clash (B)fraud hunch (C) slang (D)

修改成為

20 Many native speakers use so much _________ when they talk to each other that foreign travellers have a hard time understanding what they are talking about. (A)clash (B) fraud (C) hunch (D) slang
A euphemism (from the Greek words eu - well and pheme - speak) is a word or expression that is used when people want to find a polite or less direct way of talking about difficult or embarrassing topics like death or the bodily functions. Most people, for example, would find it very difficult to say in plain language that they have arranged for their sick old dog to be killed. They would soften the pain by saying: We had Ruby put down or We had Ruby put to sleep. Many people prefer to call someone plain than ugly, or cuddly rather than fat. As such, euphemisms are an important part of every language, but it seems that English has an ever-growing number of them. The non-native speaker not only has to make sense of the euphemisms he hears, he also has to learn which euphemisms are appropriate in any particular situation. He might be aware that his American friend needs to use the toilet when she asks where the bathroom (or restroom, or comfort station) is, but he is less likely to guess that his English friend has the same need when he says he has to see a man about a dog. He might have learned, for example, that in the family way is a euphemism for pregnant. If, however, he says to his boss, “Congratulations! I hear your wife is in the family way.” he would be using an expression that is too familiar for the circumstances. Schools are full of euphemisms. At Frankfurt International School, for example, the special lessons given to students who are having difficulties in their school subjects are called Study Center (in the middle school) and Academic Workshop (in the high school). Teachers rightly do not want to upset students or parents by being too frank or straightforward, and usually choose a softer word or expression to convey the same message. For this reason, school reports often contain euphemisms such as: He is not working to his full potential or He has a rather relaxed attitude to his work (= he is lazy), She is unable to concentrate in class (= she is disruptive), He has strong opinions about everything and is not afraid to voice them (= he is loud and arrogant). Typical of many recently-coined euphemisms are the words and expressions that try to avoid verbally hurting various minority groups or unfortunate individuals. People who have severe learning difficulties are sometimes called intellectually-challenged, and those with a physical handicap are referred to as differently-abled. Poor people are called needy, under-privileged, disadvantaged or economically deprived. Poor countries have in turn been called underdeveloped, developing, emergent, Third World—all in an effort to retain the meaning without raising some eyebrows or being patronizing. The struggle over the past 10-20 years to find an acceptable way to refer to black Americans is further evidence of the increased sensitivity that we now have to the power of language. This sensitivity is often referred to as political correctness.
【題組】64. What is the main idea of the above passage?
(A) English native speakers’ use of euphemism confuses foreigners.
(B) In English language, euphemism is used in various contexts to show respect or goodwill towards difference.
(C) English language learners should try as hard as they can to master the use of euphemism.
(D) Many languages have indirect words or phrases that people choose to avoid others’ negative reactions when talking about something unpleasant or embarrassing.
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答案:D [非官方正解]
難度: 適中

10
 【站僕】摩檸Morning:有沒有達人來解釋一下?
倒數 2天 ,已有 0 則答案


 Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) (15 minutes)   Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet 1. For questions 1-7, choose the best answer from the four choices marked
(A),
(B),
(C) and
(D). For question 8-10, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage.   Colleges taking another look at value of merit-based aid   Good grades and high tests scores still matter—a lot—to many colleges as they award financial aid.   But with low-income students projected to make up an ever-larger share of the college-bound population in coming years, some schools are re-examining whether that aid, typically known as “merit aid”, is the most effective use of precious institutional dollars.   George Washington University in Washington, D.C., for example, said last week that it would cut the value of its average merit scholarships by about one-third and reduce the number of recipients(接受者), pouring the savings, about $2.5 million, into need-based aid. Allegheny College in Meadville, Pa., made a similar decision three years ago.   Now, Hamilton College in Clinton, N.Y., says it will phase out merit scholarships altogether. No current merit-aid recipients will lose their scholarships, but need-based aid alone will be awarded beginning with students entering in fall 2008.   Not all colleges offer merit aid; generally, the more selective a school, the less likely it is to do so. Harvard and Princeton, for example, offer generous need-based packages, but many families who don’t meet need eligibility(资格)have been willing to pay whatever they must for a big-name school.   For small regional colleges that struggle just to fill seats, merit aid can be an important revenue-builder because many recipients still pay enough tuition dollars over and above the scholarship amount to keep the institution running.   But for rankings-conscious schools in between, merit aid has served primarily as a tool to recruit top students and to improve their academic profits. “They’re trying to buy students,” says Skidmore College economist Sandy Baum.   Studies show merit aid also tends to benefit disproportionately s[ 此文转贴于贵,州.学,习.网 http://www.Gzu521.com] tudents who could afford to enroll without it.   “As we look to the future, we see a more pressing need to invest in need-based aid,” says Monica Inzer, dean of admission and financial aid at Hamilton, which has offered merit scholarships for 10 years. During that time, it rose in US News & World Report’s ranking of the best liberal arts colleges, from 25 to 17.   Merit aid, which benefited about 75 students a year, or about 4% of its student body, at a cost of about $ 1 million a year, “served us well,” Inzer says, but “to be discounting the price for families that don’t need financial aid doesn’t feel right any more.”   Need-based aid remains by far the largest share of all student aid, which includes state, federal and institutional grants. But merit aid, offered primarily by schools and states, is growing faster, both overall and at the institutional level.   Between 1995-96 and 2003-04, institutional merit aid alone increased 212%, compared with 47% for need-based grants. At least 15 states also offer merit aid, typically in a bid to enroll top students in the state’s public institutions.   But in recent years, a growing chorus(异口同声)of critics has begun pressuring schools to drop the practice. Recent decisions by Hamilton and others may be “a sign that people are starting to realize that there’s this destructive competition going on,” says Baum, co-author of a recent College Report that raises concerns about the role of institutional aid not based on need.   David Laird, president of the Minnesota Private College Council, says many of his schools would like to reduce their merit aid but fear that in doing so, they would lose top students to their competitors.   “No one can take one-sided action,” says Laird, who is exploring whether to seek an exemption(豁免)from federal anti-trust laws so member colleges can discuss how they could jointly reduce merit aid, “This is a merry-go-round that’s going very fast, and none of the institutions believe they can sustain the risks of trying to break away by themselves.”   A complicating factor is that merit aid has become so popular with middle-income families, who don’t qualify for need-based aid, that many have come to depend on it. And, as tuitions continue to increase, the line between merit and need blurs.   That’s one reason Allegheny College doesn’t plan to drop merit aid entirely.   “We still believe in rewarding superior achievements and know that these top students truly value the scholarship,” says Scott Friedhoff, Allegheny’s vice president for enrollment.   Emory University in Atlanta, which boasts a $4.7 billion endowment(捐赠), meanwhile, is taking another approach. This year, it announced it would eliminate loans for needy students and cap them for middle-income families. At the same time, it would expand its 28-year-old merit program.   “Yeah, we’re playing the merit game,” acknowledges Tom Lancaster, associate dean for undergraduate education. But it has its strong point, too, he says. “The fact of the matter is, it’s not just about the lowest-income people. It’s the average American middle-class family who’s being priced out of the market.”   *A few words about merit-based aid:   Merit-based aid is aid offered to students who achieve excellence in a given area, and is generally known as academic, athletic and artistic merit scholarships.   Academic merit scholarships are based on students’ grades, GPA and overall academic performance during high school. They are typically meant for students going straight to college right after high school. However, there are scholarships for current college students with exceptional grades as well. These merit scholarships usually help students pay tuition bills, and they can be renewed each year as long as the recipients continue to qualify. In some cases, students may need to be recommended by their school or a teacher as part of the qualification process.   Athletic merit scholarships are meant for students that excel(突出)in sports of any kind, from football to track and field events. Recommendation for these scholarships is required, since exceptional athletic performance has to be recognized by a coach or a referee(裁判). Applicants need to send in a tape containing their best performance.   Artistic merit scholarships require that applicants excel in a given artistic area. This generally includes any creative field such as art, design, fashion, music, dance or writing. Applying for artistic merit scholarships usually requires that students submit a portfolio(选辑)of some sort, whether that includes a collection of artwork, a recording of a musical performance or a video of them dancing.

【題組】4. Monica Inzer, dean of admission and financial aid at Hamilton, believes ______.
(A) it doesn’t pay to spend $ 1 million a year to raise its ranking
(B) it gives students motivation to award academic achievements
(C) it’s illogical to use so much money on only 4% of its students
(D) it’s not right to give aid to those who can afford the tuition
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答案:D
難度: 計算中
50. Why are big, predatory animals rare?
(A)they are highly territorial.
(B)it takes a long time for big, predatory animals to evolve.
(C)It’s hard for a big animal to move through dense vegetation.
(D) It’s hard for an ecosystem to support many of them because so much energy is lost at each level of energy exchange.
(E)overexploitation by humans has caused many predatory species to become endangered.
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答案:D
難度: 適中
最佳解!
hm24753576 大一上 (2019/04/09)
能量的傳遞只有10%,所以到上面階層........


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33. The hardcover version of a book weighs ________ its paperback version.
(A) twice as much as
(B) twice as many as
(C) twice so much as
(D) twice so many as
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答案:A
難度: 適中
最佳解!
ini 大二上 (2017/06/02)
這本精裝版的書是平裝板的兩倍重比較級搭配...


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5F
yourui 大四下 (2019/08/17)

一般在否定句中用so/as...as,而在肯定句中用as...as.

肯定句:The box is as small as that one.
否定句:This shirt is not so/as tide as that one.

複數名詞:as many/few+複數 名詞+as

不可數名詞:as much/little+不可數名詞+as

6F
張家菱 (2020/03/25)

想知道選much而不是many的原因

7F
按讚好 小五上 (2020/05/29)

重量為不可數名詞,所以選 much






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