One of the strangest findings to emerge from the world of obesity science lately is
that people who sleep less tend to weigh more. But until recently, we have been
stifling our yawns and _____16_____ our heads about why: Does lack of sleep alter our
biology? Or does it affect our eating behavior? Now two reports _____17_____ the answer is
Both studies used functional MRI to _____18_____ brain activation as their subjects viewed
food pictures—analogous to the subjects’ _____19_____ bombarded with a stream of
McMuffin ads after a long night of working (or partying). Each study _____20_____ that sleep
loss caused areas within a key motivation network, including the striatum and
anterior cingulate cortex, to go into overdrive at the mere sight of food. The same
circuit perks up when addicts view images of their substance of choice.
(adapted from http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=tired-watch-what-you-eat) 【題組】
16. (A) hitting (B) nodding (C) scratching (D) losing
Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre. Historians tend to tell the same joke when they are describing history education in America. It's the one 61 the teacher standing in the schoolroom door 62 goodbye to students for the summer and calling 63 them, "By he way, we won World War II." The problem with the joke, of course, is that it's 64 funny. The recent surveys on 65 illiteracy (无知) are beginning to numb(令人震惊): nearly one third of American 17-year-olds cannot even 66 which countries the United States 67 against in that war. One third have no 68 when the Declaration of Independence was 69 . One third thought Columbus reached the New World after 1750. Two thirds cannot correctly 70 the Civil War between 1850 and 1900. 71 when they get theanswers right, some are 72 guessing. Unlike math or science, ignorance of history cannot be 73 connected to loss of international 74 . But it does affect our future 75 a democratic nation and as individuals. The 76 news is that there is growing agreement 77 what is wrong with the 78of history and what needs to be 79 to fix it. The steps are tentative (尝试性的) 80 yetto be felt in most classrooms. 【題組】62. (A) shaking
21 Passage Three
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.
Another cultural aspect of nonverbal communication is one that you might not think about: space. Every person perceives himself to have a sort of invisible shield surrounding his physical body. When someone comes too close, he feels uncomfortable. When he bumps onto someone, he feels obligated to apologize. But the size of a person’s “comfort zone” depends on his cultural ethnic origin. For example, in casual conversation, many Americans stand about four feet apart. In other words, they like to keep each other “at arm?s length”,people in Latin or Arab cultures, in contrast, stand very close to each other, and touch each other often. If someone from one of those cultures stands too close to an American while in conversation, the American may feel uncomfortable and back away.
When Americans are talking, they expect others to respond to what they are saying. To Americans, polite conversationalists empathize by displaying expressions of excitement or disgust, shock or sadness. People with a “poker face”, whose emotions are hidden by a deadpan expression, are looked upon with suspicion. Americans also indicate their attentiveness in a conversation by raising their eyebrows, nodding, smiling politely and maintaining good eye contact. Whereas some cultures view direct eye contact as impolite or threatening, Americans see it as a sign of genuineness and honesty. If a person doesn’t look you in the eye, American might say, you should question his motives—or assume that he doesn’t like you. Yet with all the concern for eye contact, Americans still consider staring—especially at strangers—to be rude.
. What the author discussed in the previous section is most probably about .
(A) classification of nonverbal communication
(B) the reasons why people should think about space
(C) the relationship between communication and space
(D) some other cultural aspects of nonverbal communication