A panda walks into a café. He orders a sandwich, eats it, then draws a gun and fires two shots in the air. “Why?” asks the confused waiter, as the panda makes towards the exit. The panda produces a badly punctuated wildlife manual and tosses it over his shoulder. “I am a panda,” he says, at the door. “Look it up.” The waiter turns to the relevant entry and, sure enough, finds an explanation. “Panda. Large black-and-white bear-like mammal. Native to China. Eats, shoots and leaves.” So, punctuation really does matter, even if it is only occasionally a matter of life and death.
In 2003 Lynne Truss published Eats, Shoots and Leaves: The Zero Tolerance Approach to Punctuation. The book became a runaway success in the U.K., hitting number one on the best-seller lists and prompting extraordinary headlines such as “Grammar Book Tops Bestseller List” (BBC News). This is a book for people who love punctuation and get upset when it is mishandled. The above passage is printed on its back cover.
【題組】In this book the author Lynne Truss .
(A)is nothing but a great lover of pandas
(B)is making a big fuss over small useless things
(C)has called up people’s attention to the right use of punctuation
(D)has spent much time writing extraordinary headlines
A woman heads into a popular New York City coffee shop on a cold winter rooming. Just ahead of her, a man drops a few papers. The woman pauses to help gather them. A clerk at busy store thanks a customer who has just bought something. "Enjoy" the young woman says, smiling widely. "Have a nice day." She sounds like she really means it. These are the common situations we may see every: day.
However, in her best-selling book Talk to the Hand, Lynne Truss argues that common good manners such as saying "Excuse me" almost no longer exist. There are certainly plenty who would agree with her. According to one recent study, 70 percent of the U.S. adults (成年人) said people are ruder now than they were 20 years ago.
Is it really true? We decided to find out if good manners are really hard to see. In this politeness study, reporters were sent to many cities in the world. They performed three experiments: "door tests" (would anyone hold the door open for them?); "paper drops" (who would help them gather a pile of "accidentally" dropped papers?); and "service tests" (which salesclerks would thank them for a purchase [购物])
In New York, 60 tests (20 of each type) were done. Along the way, the reporters met all types of people: men and women of different races, ages, professions (职业), and income levels. And guess what? In the end, four out of every five people they met passed their: politeness test making New York the most polite city in the study. 【題組】44.
What does Lynne Truss argue in Talk to the Hand?
(A) People are not as polite as they used to.
(B) "Excuse me" is not welcome nowadays.
(C) Of all the adults in the US 70% are rude,
(D) People don't care about manners any more.
重新載圖35、 Please determine the force in each member of the truss shown below and identify which of the
following statements are correct? (A)FBD = FEF = 0 N (B) FCF = 32.5 kN (tension)
(C) FAD = 5 kN (tension) (D) FCD = 30.0 kN (compression).