A pandawalksinto a café. He orders a sandwich, eats it, thendraws a gun and fires two shots in the air. “Why?” asks the confusedwaiter, as the pandamakestowards the exit. The pandaproduces a badlypunctuatedwildlifemanual and tosses it over his shoulder. “I am a panda,” he says, at the door. “Look it up.” The waiterturns to the relevantentry and, sureenough, finds an explanation. “Panda. Largeblack-and-whitebear-likemammal. Native to China. Eats, shoots and leaves.” So, punctuationreallydoesmatter, even if it is onlyoccasionally a matter of life and death.
In 2003 LynneTrusspublishedEats, Shoots and Leaves: The ZeroToleranceApproach to Punctuation. The bookbecame a runawaysuccess in the U.K., hittingnumber one on the best-sellerlists and promptingextraordinaryheadlinessuch as “GrammarBookTopsBestsellerList” (BBC News). This is a book for people who lovepunctuation and get upsetwhen it is mishandled. The abovepassage is printed on its backcover.
【題組】In thisbook the authorLynneTruss .
(A)is nothing but a greatlover of pandas (B)is making a big fussoversmalluselessthings (C)has called up people’s attention to the right use of punctuation (D)has spentmuchtimewritingextraordinary headlines
A womanheadsinto a popular New YorkCitycoffeeshop on a coldwinterrooming. Justahead of her, a man drops a few papers. The womanpauses to helpgatherthem. A clerk at busystorethanks a customer who has justboughtsomething. "Enjoy" the youngwomansays, smilingwidely. "Have a nice day." She soundslike she reallymeans it. These are the commonsituations we may see every: day.
However, in her best-sellingbookTalk to the Hand, LynneTrussarguesthatcommongoodmannerssuch as saying "Excuse me" almost no longerexist. There are certainlyplenty who wouldagreewith her. According to one recentstudy, 70 percent of the U.S. adults (成年人) saidpeople are ruder now thantheywere 20 years ago.
Is it reallytrue? We decided to find out if goodmanners are reallyhard to see. In thispolitenessstudy, reportersweresent to manycities in the world. Theyperformedthreeexperiments: "doortests" (wouldanyonehold the dooropen for them?); "paperdrops" (who wouldhelpthemgather a pile of "accidentally" droppedpapers?); and "servicetests" (whichsalesclerkswouldthankthem for a purchase [购物])
In New York, 60 tests (20 of eachtype) weredone. Along the way, the reporters met all types of people: men and women of differentraces, ages, professions (职业), and incomelevels. And guesswhat? In the end, four out of everyfivepeoplethey met passedtheir: politenesstestmaking New York the mostpolitecity in the study. 【題組】44.
WhatdoesLynneTrussargue in Talk to the Hand?
(A) People are not as polite as theyused to.
(B) "Excuse me" is not welcomenowadays.
(C) Of all the adults in the US 70% are rude,
(D) People don't careaboutmanners any more.
35、 Pleasedetermine the force in eachmember of the trussshownbelow and identifywhich of the
followingstatements are correct? (A)FBD = FEF = 0 N (B) FCF = 32.5 kN (tension)
(C) FAD = 5 kN (tension) (D) FCD = 30.0 kN (compression).