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1. The ______ for driving without fastening the seat belt is NT$3000.
(A) penalty
(B) refund
(C) solution
(D) spend
Wendy Wang 國三上 (2011/11/30 09:03)
penalty  罰款
ychungcbt 國一上 (2014/01/10 22:17)
Refund (n.) 退款
       American public and private agencies spend millions of dollars annually attempting to persuade citizens to drink alcohol only in “moderate” amounts or not at all, particularly when operating a motor vehicle. Studies indicate that this propaganda and advertising approach is almost totally ineffective. Alcohol consumption continues to rise nationally, and alcohol-related traffic deaths, especially for teenage drivers, have increased. In contrast to the American approach, Norway has severe, but meaningful, penalties for driving while drunk. These include periods of compulsory public work (picking up trash along highways), mandatory jail sentences that do not interfere with one’s work (a member of the Norwegian royal family will be equally punished if guilty). As a result, many Norwegians use taxis or the drivers not drinking when spending a night on the town.
【題組】47 The example of the Norwegian royal family is used to illustrate ____.
(A) that no one is exempt from the penalty for drunk driving
(B) that some people are exempt from drunk driving penalties
(C) that a member of the Norwegian royal family is currently charged with drunk driving
(D) that the members of the Norwegian royal family have a problem with drunk driving
68. It’s not easy being a teenager(13至19岁青少年)—nor is it easy being the parent of a teenager. You can make your child feel angry, hurt, or misunderstood by what you say without realizing it yourself. It is important to give your child the space he needs to grow while gently letting him know that you you’ll still be there for him when he needs you. Expect a lot from your child, just not everything.Except for health and safety problems, such as drug use or careless driving; consider everything else open to discussion. If your child is unwilling to discuss something, don’t insist he tell you what’s on his mind. The more you insist, the more likely that he’ll clarn up. Instead , let him attempt to solve(解决)things by himself. At the same time, remind him that you’re always there for him should he seek advice or help. Show respect for your teenager’s privacy (隐私). Never read him his mail or listen in on personal conversions. Teach your teenager that the family phone is for the whole family. If your child talks on the family’s telephone for too long, tell him he can talk for15 minutes, but then he must stay off the phone for at least an equal period of time. This not only frees up the line so that other family members can make and receive calls, but teaches your teenager moderation(节制). Or if you are open to the idea, allow your teenager his own phone that he pays for with his own pocket money or a part –time job The main purpose of the text is to tell parents .
(A) how to get along with a teenager
(B) how to respect a teenager
(C) how to understand a teenager
(D) how to help a teenager grow up
45.Special Bridges Help Animals Cross the Road ——Reported by Sheila Carrick Why did the chicken cross the road? To get to the other side. Most people know this joke.But recently, some people have been much more worried about how the grizzly bear and mountain lion can cross the road. “Millions of animals die each year on U.S.roads,” the Federal Highway Administration reports.In fact, only about 80 ocelots, an endangered wild cat, exist in the U.S.today.The main reason? Roadkill. “Ecopassages” may help animals cross the road without being hit by cars.They are paths both over and under roads.“These ecopassages can be extremely useful, so that wildlife can avoid road accidents,” said Jodi Hilty of the Wildlife Protection Society. But do animals actually use the ecopassages? The answer is yes.Paul Beier of Northern Arizona University found foot marks left by mountain lions on an ecopassage that went under a highway.This showed that the lions used the passage. Builders of ecopassages try to make them look like a natural part of an area by planting trees on and around them.Animals seem to be catching on.Animals as different as salamanders and grizzly bears are using the bridges and underpasses. The next time you visit a park or drive through an area with a lot of wildlife, look around.You might see an animals overpass! The writer uses the example of “ocelots” to show that ______.
(A)wild animals have become more dangerous
(B)the driving conditions have improved greatly
(C)the measure for protecting wildlife fails to work
(D)an increasing number of animals are killed in road accidents
Parents of highly gifted children are often concerned that everything comes too easily to their children. These children learn that they can do
everything academic without trying. Parents worry that the children will fall apart the first time they hit an academic task they cannot do effortlessly
(and this worry often has a foundation in reality). This is often a large part of the impetus for grade skips or other methods of providing adequate
academic challenge.

The problem for twice-exceptional children-that is, children who are gifted but also have learning disabilities or other special needs-is that they
learn an even more damaging lesson: that if they cannot do a task right away, they won't be able to do it at all. Everything in school is either too
difficult or too easy-nothing is "just right." This is exacerbated by the frequently occurring problem of under-identification; that is, because highly
gifted children are so good at compensating for their special needs, their problems often go undetected until they finally "hit the wall." By this time, a
great deal of emotional and academic damage may have been done.

Teachers and parents often are unaware that children with special needs may be able to do a task sometimes, but not always. Their coping skills
may fall apart when they are tired or ill. They may be able to muster the extra mental/physical/emotional energy to do a difficult task if the subject is
one that engages them and they are fresh and rested, but not at the end of the day on a topic they dislike. They may also learn that it is dangerous to
perform well, because they will then be held to a standard that they can't maintain consistently ("I know you can do it, because I've seen you") – in
other words, they get punished for sometimes succeeding.
Children with special needs can tire quickly when doing non-physical tasks, because they are so much harder for them than for kids without the
special needs. For example, imagine spending the day in school with earmuffs on, so that you had trouble hearing – you would be pretty tired! It would take you longer to figure out what was being said, and by the time you figured it out, the class would have moved on. You would be spending so much mental energy decoding what was said that you would have less left for actually thinking about it. If you have ever learned a foreign language, remember how much work it was to carry on a conversation when you had not yet become fluent. This is what school is like for children with auditory processing problems.

There are no easy answers for helping our twice-exceptional kids learn to tolerate difficulty, especially after they have been burned. It certainly
helps if you can recognize when a task is hard for them and let them know that you understand. Starting easy and gradually easing them into more
difficult work can help. Doing a task together (for example, co-writing a story with the adult acting as "scribe") can be a great way to start. One of the most important parts is being aware that there is a basis for the sometimes seemingly irrational over-reactions of twice-exceptional kids.

(The challenge of the gifted/special needs child by Meredith G. Warshaw, M.S.S., M.A. Special Needs Educational Advisor)

【題組】47. Why do children with special needs get tired quickly when doing non-physical tasks?
(A) Children with special needs usually have auditory processing problems.
(B) They have to spend the day in school with earmuffs on so that they have trouble hearing.
(C) Non-physical tasks are so much harder for them than for kids without the special needs.
(D) They spend a lot of time finding tasks that are just right for them.

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