Junkfood is everywhere. We’re eating way too much of it. Most of us knowwhat we’re doing and yet we do it anyway.
So here’s a suggestionoffered by two researchers at the RandCorporation: Why not take a lessonfromalcoholcontrolpolicies and applythem to wherefood is sold and how it’s displayed?
“Manypolicymeasures to controlobesity（肥胖症）assumethatpeopleconsciously and rationallychoosewhat and how muchthey eat and thereforefocus on providinginformation and moreaccess to healthierfoods,” note the two researchers.
“In contrast,” the researcherscontinue, “manyregulationsthat don’t assumepeoplemakerationalchoiceshavebeensuccessfullyapplied to controlalcohol, a substance — likefood — of whichimmoderateconsumptionleads to serioushealthproblems.”
The researchreferencesstudies of people’s behaviorwithfood and alcohol and results of alcoholrestrictions, and thenlistsfiveregulationsthat the researchersthinkmight be promising if applied to junkfoods. Amongthem:
Densityrestrictions: licenses to sellalcoholaren’t handed out unplanned to all comers but are allotted（分配）based on the number of places in an areathatalreadysellalcohol. Thesemakealcohollesseasy to get and reduce the number of psychologicalcues to drink.
Similarly, the researchers say, beingpresentedwithjunkfoodstimulates our desire to eat it. So why not limit the density of foodoutlets, particularlyonesthatsellfoodrich in emptycalories? And why not limitsale of food in placesthataren’t primarilyfoodstores?
Display and salesrestrictions: California has a ruleprohibitingalcoholdisplaysnear the cashregisters in gas stations, and in mostplaces you can’t buy alcohol at drive-throughfacilities. At supermarkets, foodcompanies pay to havetheirwares in placeswherethey’re easilyseen. One couldremovejunkfood to the back of the store and ban themfrom the shelves at checkoutlines. The othermeasuresincluderestrictingportionsizes, taxing and prohibitingspecialpricedeals for junkfoods, and placingwarninglabels on the products.
【題組】59. Why do policymakers of alcoholcontrolplacedensityrestrictions?
(A)Few people are able to resistalcohol’s temptations.
(B)There are already too manystoressellingalcohol.
(C) Drinkingstrongalcohol can causesocialproblems.
(D) Easyaccessleads to customers’ over-consumption.
5 We all remember too wellthatsmiles go a long way, but oftenforgetthat so do angrywords.
(A) We all rememberverywellthatthere are times for us to show our kindness, but oftenforgetthatthere are alsotimes for us to let off our anger.
(B) We all rememberverywell the timeswhen we are kind to otherpeople, but oftenforgetthosetimeswhen we
say all the angrywords to them.
(C) We are all wellawarethatpeoplewillremember our kindness for a longtime, but oftenforgetthattheyalsohavelongmemoriesabout our anger.
(D) We are all wellawarethatpeopleconsiderbeingkind to others a rightthing to do, but oftenforgetthattheythink it is wrong to be mean to others.
三、對話選擇 【題組】5. ( ) Parker: Manygirlscare too muchabouttheirappearance. There are manyotherthings to careabout.
Bella: I knowwhat you mean, but ________.
(A)I think a positiveattitude is important (B)I think you shouldaccept the way you are
(C)there’s nothingwrongwithyourappearance (D)there’s nothingwrongwithwanting to lookpretty
It is earlysummer. August’s long-awaitedvacationtimestillseemsagesaway, but by the sametoken, its torpor-producingheat and mildew-generatinghumidityhave not yet arrived. Instead, thesecool, end-of-Junedayspracticallyinsist on getting the picnicseasonunder the way immediately. But, also, there is a difficulty: alfrescodining has a bad nameamong us. Tenth-rate hot dogs, carbonizedchickenparts, and beef a-la-charcoal are principallywhatcome to mindwhen we hear the words “outdoorfood”.
The passagesuggeststhat the authorbelievesthat (A) picnicking in August is long-awaited.
(B) August is betterthanJune for a picnic.
(C) there are somenegativeaspects to eatingoutside.
(D) picnicking is betteralfresco.