In 1900 the UnitedStates had onlythreecitieswithmorethan a millionresidents-
New York, Chicago, and Philadelphia. By 1930, it had ten giantmetropolises. The neweronesexperiencedremarkablegrowth, whichreflectedbasicchanges in the economy.
Line The population of Los Angeles (114,000 in 1900) rosespectacularly in the early
(5) decades of the twentiethcentury, increasing a dramatic 1,400 percentfrom 1900 to 1930.
A number of circumstancescontributed to the meteoricrise of Los Angeles. The
agriculturalpotential of the area was enormous if water for irrigationcould be found, and
the cityfounders had the vision and dating to obtain it by constructing a 225-mileaqueduct, completed in 1913, to tap the water of the OwensRiver. The city had a superb
(10) naturalharbor, as well as excellentrailconnections. The climatemade it possible to shootmotionpicturesyear-round; henceHollywood. Hollywood not onlysuppliedjobs; it
disseminated an image of the goodlife in SouthernCalifornia on screens all across the
nation. The mostimportantsingleindustrypowering the growth of Los Angeles, however,
was directlylinked to the automobile. The demand for petroleum to fuelgasolineengines
(15) led to the opening of the SouthernCalifornia oil fields, and made Los AngelesNorthAmerica's greatestrefiningcenter.
Los Angeles was a product of the auto age in anothersense as well: its distinctivespatialorganizationdepended on widespreadprivateownership of automobiles. Los
Angeles was a decentralizedmetropolis, sprawlingacross the desertlandscapeover an
(20) area of 400 squaremiles. It was a citywithout a realcenter. The downtownbusinessdistrict did not growapacewith the city as a whole, and the rapidtransitsystemdesigned
to link the centerwithoutlyingareaswitheredawayfromdisuse. Approximately 800,000
carswereregistered in Los AngelesCounty in 1930, one per 2.7 residents. Somevisitorsfrom the eastcoastweredismayed at the endlessurbansprawl and dismissed Los
(25) Angeles as a merecollection of suburbs in search of a city. But the freedom and mobility
of a citybuilt on wheelsattractedfloods of migrants to the city.
【題組】47. According to the passage, the SouthernCalifornia oil fieldswereinitiallyexploited due to
(A) the fuelrequirements of Los
Angeles' railsystem (B) an increase in the use of gasolineengines in NorthAmerica (C) a desire to put unproductivedesertland to good use
(D) innovativeplanning on the part of
28 If I am caughtslacking off, I will be fired for sure.
(A) I willlose my job if I am caughtbeingunproductive. (B) I will be scolded if I am not workinghard. (C) I willlose my job if I am not dressed up. (D) I have to pay attention and workhard, or I will get demoted.