＜E＞Very few peopleunderstand and apply the incredible 90-10 secret to theirdailylife. Thisresults in millions of peoplesufferingfromundeservedstress, trials, problems and heartache. Theyfeel as if theirlivesweredominated by negativefeelings and filledwithunpleasantexperiences. Stress and unhappiness are like a 51blanket, preventingthemfromenjoyingtheirlife52 . Whatexactly is the 90-10 secret? 10 percent of our lifeconsists of whathappens to us, 53which we have no control, yet we allow it
to affect our emotions. For instance, we cursewhen our car breaksdown or get upsetwhen our schedule has to be 54 off due to
a delay of the plane. Frustrated as we may be, we cannotstop nor changewhat has happened. The other 90 percent, however, is
determined by our reaction. Moreoftenthan not, by a change of attitude, things can startlookingbrighter. Life, in turn, can be
wedge-free and enjoyable. The 90-10 secretteaches us how to 55 the 90 percentthat we can changeratherthan the other 10
percent. With the application of thisphilosophy, a changed and positivelifeshall be within our reach.
【題組】52. (A) to the point (B) to the extent (C) to the top (D) to the fullest
Questions 57 to 61 are based on the followingpassage.
You’ve now heard it so manytimes, you can probablyrepeat it in yoursleep. PresidentObamawill no doubtmake the pointpubliclywhen he gets to Beijing: the Chineseneed to consumemore; theyneed—believe it or not—to becomemorelikeAmericans, for the sake of the globaleconomy.
And it’s all true. But the otherside of thatequation is that the U.S. needs to savemore. For the moment, Americanhouseholdsactually are doing so. After the personal-savingsratedipped to zero in 2005, the shock of the economiccrisislastyearpromptedpeople to snapshuttheirwallets.
In China, the household-savingsrateexceeds 20%. It is partly for policyreasons. As we’ve seen, wageearners are expected to care for not onlytheirchildren but theiragingparents. And there is, to date, only the flimsiest (脆弱的) of publicly-fundedhealthcare and pensionsystems, whichincreasesincentives for individuals to savewhilethey are working. But China is a societythat has longesteemedpersonalfinancialprudence (谨慎). There is no chancethatwillchangeanytimesoon, even if the governmentcreates a bettersocialsafety net and successfullyencouragesgreaterconsumerspending.
Why does the U.S. need to learn a littlefrugality (节俭)？Becausehealthysavingsrates are one of the surestindicators of a country’s long-termfinancialhealth. Highsavingslead, overtime, to increasedinvestment, which in turngeneratesproductivitygains, innovation and job growth. In short, savings are the seedcorn of a goodeconomicharvest.
The U.S. governmentthusneeds to act as well. By runningconstantdeficits, it is dis-saving, even as householdssavemore. PeterOrszag, Obama’s BudgetDirector, recentlycalled the U.S. budgetdeficitsunsustainable and he’s right. To date, the U.S. has seemedunable to see the consequences of spending so muchmorethan is taken in. Thatneeds to change. And though Hu Jintao and the rest of the Chineseleadershiparen’t inclined to lecturevisitingPresidents, he mightgentlyhintthatBeijing is getting a littlenervousabout the value of the dollar—which has fallen 15% sinceMarch, in largepartbecause of increasingfearsthatAmerica’s debtload is becomingunmanageable.
That’s whathappenswhen you’re the world’s biggestcreditor: you get to drophintslikethat, whichwould be enough by themselves to createinternationaleconomicchaos if theywereeverleaked. (Everytime any official in Beijingdeliberatespubliclyaboutseeking an alternative to the U.S. dollar for the $2.1 trillionChinaholds in reserve, currencytradershave a heartattack.) If Americanssavedmore and spentless, consistentlyovertime, theywouldn’t have to worryabout all that. 【題組】61. What is the author’s purpose of writing the passage?
(A) To urge the Americangovernment to cut deficits.
(B) To encourageChinesepeople to spendmore.
(C) To tellAmericans not to worryabouttheireconomy.
(D) To promoteunderstandingbetweenChina and America.
When a Swedishshipthatsank in 1628 was recoveredfrom the port of Stockholm,historians and scientistswereoverjoyedwith the chance to examine the remains of the past. The shipconstructionshowed how shipswerebuilt and operatedduring the seventeenthcentury. In this way,artifacts,objectsmade by humanbeings,provided a picture of dailylifealmost 400 years ago.
Underwaterarchaeology-the study of ships,aircraft and humansettlementsthathavesunkunderlargebodies of water-is really a product of the last 50 years. The rapidgrowth of this new area of study has occurredbecause of the invention of betterdivingequipment .Bsides the Swedishshipwreck(残骸），underwaterarchaeologistshavemademoreexcitingdiscoveriessuch as the 5000-year-old boats in the Mediterranean Sea.
Underwaterarchaeology can providefactsabut the past.In ancientports all over the world are shipssunken in the past 6,000 years. There are alsosunkensettlements in seas and lakestelling of pelples way of life and theirsystems of trade in ancienttimes.Underwaterarchaeologistswant to studytheseobjects to add to the world's knowledge of history,but theyhave to fight two enemies. One enemy is treasurehunters who dive for ancientartifactsthatthey can sell to collectors. Oncesold,theseobjects are lost to experts. The secondenemy is dredgingmachines(挖掘机）oftenused to repairports.Thesemachinesdestroywrecks and artifacts or burythemdeeperundersand and mud.B teaching the publicabout the importance of underwater“museums”of the past,archaeologists are hoping to get support for laws to protectunderwatertreasures.
【題組】63.WhatpurposedoesParagraph 1 serve in the passage?
(A)To providebackgroundinformation of the topic (B)To attractreaders' attention to the topic (C)To use an example to support the topic (D)To offerbasicknowledge of the topic