請依下文回答第 11 題至第 15 題
Children have a lot to contend with these days, not least a tendency for their pushy parents to force-feed themomega-3 oil capsules at every opportunity. These are supposed to make children brainier, so they are being added to 11 from bread, milk and pasta to baby formula and vitamin tablets. But omega-3 is just the 12 of the
nutritional iceberg; many nutrients have proven cognitive effects, and do 13 throughout a person’s life, not merelywhen he is a child.
Fernando Gómez-Pinilla, a fish-loving professor of neurosurgery and physiological science at the University ofCalifornia, Los Angeles, believes that 14 changes to a person’s diet can enhance his cognitive abilities, protect hisbrain from damage and counteract the effects of aging. Dr. Gómez-Pinilla has been studying the effects of food on thebrain for years, and has now completed a review, just published in Nature Reviews Neuroscience, that has analyzedmore than 160 cases of food’s effect on the 15 . Some foods, he concludes, are like pharmaceutical compounds;their effects are so profound that the mental health of entire countries may be linked to them.