People make judgments about the world and rely on their internal perspectives to determine right from wrong. When asked if two and two equal four, those with an understanding of 41 will most likely agree that the answer is four. However, when placed in a group, people tend to act 42 from what they do as individuals and often feel pressured to conform despite what they know to be true. For instance, if everyone suddenly began saying that two and two equal five, those who know better might feel pressured to 43 the truth they know.
The result from a famous experiment conducted by social psychologist Soloman Asch revealed much about how people behave when 44 by a group. In the experiment, groups of students were invited to participate in a “vision test.＂However, what was being tested was not vision but 45 the way individuals responded to social pressures. The test placed one unsuspecting student in a room full of others who agreed to lie about what they saw on an eye chart. When asked to choose between what they truly saw and what the group saw, 32% of the participants conformed to the opinion of the group.