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搜尋:bryson

      E It is widely known that any English conversation begins with The Weather. Such a fixation with the weather finds expression in Dr.Johnson’s famous comment that “When two English meet, their first talk is of weather.” Though Johnson’s observation is as accurate now as it was over two hundred years ago, most commentators fail to come up with a convincing explanation for this English weather-speak. Bill Bryson, for ezample, concludes that,as the English weather is not at all exciting,the obsession with it can hardly be understood. He argues that”To an outsider,the most striking thing about the
      (E)nglish weather is that there is not very much of it.” Simply, the reason is that the unusual and unpredictable weather is almost unknown in the British Isles. Jeremy Paxman, however, disagrees with Bryson, arguing that the English weather is by nature attractive. Bryson is wrong, he says,because the English preference for the weather has nothing to do with the natural phenomena.”The interest is less in the phenomena themselves, but in uncertainty.” According to him, the weather in England is very changeable and uncertain and it attracts the English as well as the outsider. Bryson and Paxman stand for common misconceptions about the weather-speak among the English. Both commentators, somehow, are missing the point. The English weather conversation is not really about the weather at all. English weather-speak is a system of signs ,which is developed to help the speakers overcome the natural reserve and actually talk to each other. Everyone knows conversations starting with weather-speak are not requests for weather data. Rather, they are routine greetings,conversation starters or the blank”fillers”, In other words, English weather-speak is a means of social bonding. The author mentions

      【題組】74.According to the passage,Jeremy Paxman believes that________.
      (A).Bill Bryson has little knowledge of the weather
      (B).there is nothing special about the
      (E)nglish weather]
      (C).the English weather attracts people to the British Isles
      (D).English people talk about the weather for its unccrtainty

      編輯私有筆記及自訂標籤
      答案:D
      難度:適中
      【題組】75.What is the author’s main purpose of writing the passage?
      (A).To explain what English weather-speak is about.
      (B).To analyse misconceptions about the English weather.
      (C).To find fault with both Bill Bryson and Jeremy Paxman.
      (D).To convince people that the English weather is changeable.

      編輯私有筆記及自訂標籤
      答案:A
      難度:適中
      1. 把繪畫分為「言談繪畫」與「形象繪畫」,擅用符號學的理論詮釋作品的美術史學者是:
      (A)布萊遜(N. Bryson)
      (B)羅蘭巴特(R. Barthes)
      (C)沃夫林(H. Wölfflin)
      (D)潘諾夫斯基(E. Panofsky)

      編輯私有筆記及自訂標籤
      答案:A
      難度:困難
      最佳解!
      Sueshine Chan 大一上 (2015/03/12)
      布萊森更將繪畫分為意涵明確的「言談繪畫」以及意涵曖昧的「形象繪畫」,前者是能指與所指.....觀看完整全文,請先登入
      5F
      106-謝謝阿摩我考上了 大一下 (2016/06/02)
      • Bryson的符號學觀看方法

      將繪畫作為符號系統,Bryson認為的符號是在文本中的時間、空間面向裡自由地移動,而文本或繪畫的結構由符號的散播方式決定,其意義從詮釋者得來,也就是說符號意義來自其環境文化的植入,或是本身的反射。若要寫藝術的文章便從文獻與詮釋兩方面的要求著手。文獻方面要從所有文化範疇的複雜互動去瞭解,包括:現實生活中的科學、宗教、學術、階級、政治、性別…等。而詮釋方面則機符號置於歷史的考慮中,從「當時」與「現在」來詮釋,不過「當時」的歷史也是基於現在的說法,並且要持續地詮釋。因此,所有的詮釋是在特定歷史之中、某種生活形式以及詮釋的機制之下進行。事實上,當我們在進行詮釋的時候已經這麼做了。

      6F
      麥倫華特 國三下 (2017/04/06)

      善用符號學-不來說(布萊遜)

      7F
      小Z琦涵★考上了!感謝阿摩 高三下 (2017/06/01)

      威廉·諾曼·布萊森(William Norman Bryson)(1949年出生)是一位美國藝術史學家,他撰寫了幾部在20世紀80年代和90年代特別有影響力的主要作品,其中包括文學和圖像:法國繪畫 AncienRégime(1983),Vision and Painting:The Logic of the Gaze(1986),以及傳統與慾望:從大衛到德拉克魯瓦(1987)。在哈佛大學美術系擔任全職教授。

      布萊森的「符號學與視覺詮釋」

      布萊森在<符號學與視覺詮釋> 一文中,提出視覺符號學的觀點,也就是將繪畫視為符號的活動:繪畫展現論述(discourse)的生成,透過繪畫,我們可以看到社會形構的權力運作之展示。繪畫直接參與社會符號的流動與交換的場。透過圖像本身,透過符號的物質性,我們便可以看到論述...


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