This prize-winningnovelexemplifies the strength of first-personnarratives; the protagonisttells her own story so effectivelythat any additionalcommentarywould be _____.
(A) eloquent (B) superfluous (C) incontrovertible (D) idiosyncratic
In eighteenth-centurycolonialAmerica, flowers and fruitweretypically the
province of the botanicalartistinterested in scientificillustrationratherthanbeing
the subjects of fine art. Early in the nineteenthcentury, however, the Pealefamily of
Philadelphiaestablished the stilllife, a pictureconsistingmainly of inanimate
(5) objects, as a valuablepart of the artist's repertoire. The fruitpaintings by James and
SarahMiriamPeale are simplearrangements of a few objects, handsomelycolored,
small in size, and representinglittlemorethanwhatthey are. In contrastwere the
highlysymbolic, complexcompositions by CharlesBirdKing, withtheirbitingsatire and criticalsocialcommentary. Each of thesestrainscomminutedinto and
(10) wellpast mid-century.
John F. Francis (1808-86) was a part of the Pennsylvaniastill-lifetraditionthatarose, at least in part, from the work of the Peales. Most of his stilllifesdatefromaround 1850 to 1875. LuncheonStillLifelookslike one of the Peales' pieces on a
largerscale, kitsgreatercomplexityresultingfrom the number of objects. It is also
(15) indebted to the luncheontype of stilllifefound in seventeenth-centuryDutchpainting. The openedbottles of wine and the glasses of winepartiallyconsumedsuggest a number of unseenguests. The appeal of the fruit and nuts to our sense of
taste is heightened by the juicyorange, which has alreadybeensliced. The
arrangement is additive, that is, made up of manydifferentparts, not always
(20) compositionallyintegrated, with all objects of essentiallyequalimportance.
About 1848, SeverinRoesencame to the UnitedStatesfromGermany and
settled in New YorkCity, where he began to paintlarge, lushstilllifes of flowers,
fruit, or both, oftenmeasuringoverfourfeetacross. StillLifewithFruit and
Champagne is typical in its brilliance of color, meticulousrendering of detail,
(25) compactcomposition, and unabashedabundance. Rich in symbolicovertones, the
beautifullypaintedobjectscarryadditionalmeanings------butterflies or fallenbudssuggest the impermanence of life, a bird's nestwitheggsmeansfertility, and so on.
Above all, Roesen's art expresses the abundancethatAmericasymbolized to many of its citizens.
【題組】32. Which of the following is mentioned as a characteristic of the stilllifes of James and SarahMiriamPeale?
(A) Simplicity (B) Symbolism (C) Smoothtexture (D) Socialcommentary