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搜尋:conceptions

  • 另有概念 0 by 教甄◆教育專業科目
    兒童學習前既有的舊經驗、概念或知識,由於不同的研究者和不同的團體,因研究的動機、理論觀點不同稱呼也有不同。有人用原有知識(prior knowledge)、純稚的概念(naive concep..
The ethical judgments of the Supreme Court justices have become an important issue recently. The court cannot _1_ its legitimacy as guardian of the rule of law _2_ justices behave like politicians. Yet, in several instances, justices acted in ways that _3_ the court’s reputation for being independent and impartial.
Justice Antonin Scalia, for example, appeared at political events. That kind of activity makes it less likely that the court’s decisions will be _4_ as impartial judgments. Part of the problem is that the justices are not _5_by an ethics code. At the very least, the court should make itself _6_to the code of conduct that _7_to the rest of the federal judiciary.
This and other similar cases _8_the question of whether there is still a _9_between the court and politics.
The framers of the Constitution envisioned law _10_having authority apart from politics. They gave justices permanent positions _11_they would be free to _12_ those in power and have no need to _13_ political support. Our legal system was designed to set law apart from politics precisely because they are so closely _14_.
Constitutional law is political because it results from choices rooted in fundamental social _15_ like liberty and property. When the court deals with social policy decisions, the law it _16_ is inescapably political-which is why decisions split along ideological lines are so easily _17_ as unjust.
The justices must _18_ doubts about the court’s legitimacy by making themselves _19_ to the code of conduct. That would make rulings more likely to be seen as separate from politics and, _20_, convincing as law.

【題組】15.
(A)concepts
(B)theories
(C)divisions
(D)conceptions
編輯私有筆記
答案:A
難度:適中
第55至58題為題組 The selection of the theme for International Youth Day 2008 is in recognition of the fact that climate change has already begun to devastate communities and deepen the effects of poverty and hunger. This situation complicates the challenges that youth face. However, young people are increasingly adding their voices to the call for action on climate change. International Youth Day gives the world an opportunity to recognize the potential of youth, to celebrate their achievements, and plan for ways to better engage young people to successfully take action in the development of their societies. It presents a unique opportunity for all stakeholders to rally together to ensure that young people are included in decision-making at all levels. Find out how young people can find the social space to participate, influence, and benefit from global and local responses to climate change! Team up! Create a strategic youth team in your own community. This is a great opportunity to rally support and get key stakeholders involved - Governments, non-governmental organizations, academic institutions, businesses, municipal authorities. Everyone has a role to play in making climate stabilization a priority! Organize! A major benefit to International Youth Day is that it can be used to forge new partnerships and launch practical action to rally Governments and the private sector to act and implement concrete solutions. Conduct research on how your local community contributes to climate change or plan a local project to promote sustainable development strategies in your community. Take action! Hold forums, public discussions and campaigns to find out more about how young people can act to address climate change issues. Research and evaluate what has been done successfully in other communities. Often, International Youth Day can be used to raise awareness about climate change issues that are important to young people through newspapers, radio and the Internet. The media are important partners that can greatly increase public awareness on youth action for climate change.
【題組】54. Which of the following statements about Lin Hwai-min is FALSE?
(A) He was expected to give a longer speech than the one he delivered at the conference.
(B) He decided to become a dancer right after he saw a British ballet film several times.
(C) Not until he studied in the U. S. did he realize that his conceptions of the West were inaccurate.
(D) Many young people of his time dreamed of immigrating to the United States.
編輯私有筆記
答案:B
難度:適中