In 1871 Mackay became the first foreign missionary to be commissioned by the Canada Presbyterian Church,
arriving in Taiwan on New Year’s Eve. After consulting with Dr. James Laidlaw Maxwell Sr., a medical doctor
serving as a Presbyterian Church of England missionary to southern Formosa, Mackay arrived at Tamsui, northern
Formosa in 1872, which remained his home until his death in 1901. Starting with an itinerant dentistry practice
amongst the lowland aborigine villages, he later established churches, schools and a hospital practicing Western
biomedicine. He learned to speak vernacular Taiwanese, and married a Taiwanese woman.
The churches he planted later became the Northern Synod of the present Presbyterian Church in Taiwan. In
1896, after the 1895 establishment of Japanese colonial rule in Taiwan, Mackay met with the Japanese
Governor-General of Formosa, Maresuke Nogi. Some families in Taiwan today, particularly of lowland-aboriginal
Kavalan ancestry, trace their surname “Kai” or “Kay” to their family’s conversion to Christianity by Mackay.
In Canada Mackay was honored during his two furloughs home by the Canadian Church. In 1880, Queen’s
College in Kingston, Ontario awarded him an honorary Doctor of Divinity, presented by Principal George Monro
Grant and Chancellor Sandford Fleming. Before departing in 1881, he returned to Oxford County, where monies
were raised to start Oxford College in Taiwan; a number of young people in the county were inspired to follow
Mackay’s example and entered into missionary service with a number of Christian denominations.
In June 1894, at the General Assembly meeting in St. John, New Brunswick, Mackay was elected Moderator
of the Presbyterian Church in Canada, the highest elected position in the church. He spent the following
Moderatoral year travelling across Canada, as well as writing From Far Formosa: the island, its people and
missions, a missionary ethnography and memoir of his missionary experiences.
【題組】50. According to the passage, what is the main focus in From Far Formosa: the island, its people and missions?
(A) Good ways of interacting with a Taiwanese wife.
(B)Mackay’s learning of dentistry training program.
(C) The stories of Mackay’s missionary service in Taiwan.
(D) Disasters in Taiwan after the 1895 establishment of Japanese colonial rule.
5. The pain-killing agent most commonly administered in dentistry is the local anesthetic, _____ loss of feeling only in a
(A) who be produced
(B) which produces
(C) where produces
(D) that be producing
(E) which is produced