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搜尋:dentistry

      四、閱讀測驗 In 1871 Mackay became the first foreign missionary to be commissioned by the Canada Presbyterian Church, arriving in Taiwan on New Year’s Eve. After consulting with Dr. James Laidlaw Maxwell Sr., a medical doctor serving as a Presbyterian Church of England missionary to southern Formosa, Mackay arrived at Tamsui, northern Formosa in 1872, which remained his home until his death in 1901. Starting with an itinerant dentistry practice amongst the lowland aborigine villages, he later established churches, schools and a hospital practicing Western biomedicine. He learned to speak vernacular Taiwanese, and married a Taiwanese woman. The churches he planted later became the Northern Synod of the present Presbyterian Church in Taiwan. In 1896, after the 1895 establishment of Japanese colonial rule in Taiwan, Mackay met with the Japanese Governor-General of Formosa, Maresuke Nogi. Some families in Taiwan today, particularly of lowland-aboriginal Kavalan ancestry, trace their surname “Kai” or “Kay” to their family’s conversion to Christianity by Mackay. In Canada Mackay was honored during his two furloughs home by the Canadian Church. In 1880, Queen’s College in Kingston, Ontario awarded him an honorary Doctor of Divinity, presented by Principal George Monro Grant and Chancellor Sandford Fleming. Before departing in 1881, he returned to Oxford County, where monies were raised to start Oxford College in Taiwan; a number of young people in the county were inspired to follow Mackay’s example and entered into missionary service with a number of Christian denominations. In June 1894, at the General Assembly meeting in St. John, New Brunswick, Mackay was elected Moderator of the Presbyterian Church in Canada, the highest elected position in the church. He spent the following Moderatoral year travelling across Canada, as well as writing From Far Formosa: the island, its people and missions, a missionary ethnography and memoir of his missionary experiences.
      【題組】50. According to the passage, what is the main focus in From Far Formosa: the island, its people and missions?
      (A) Good ways of interacting with a Taiwanese wife.
      (B)Mackay’s learning of dentistry training program.
      (C) The stories of Mackay’s missionary service in Taiwan.
      (D) Disasters in Taiwan after the 1895 establishment of Japanese colonial rule.

      編輯私有筆記及自訂標籤
      答案:C
      難度:簡單

      10
       【站僕】摩檸Morning:有沒有達人來解釋一下?
      倒數 4天 ,已有 0 則答案


      76.社區牙醫學(community dentistry)之主要內涵為何?
      (A)研究社會學與牙醫學之差異性
      (B)研究口腔各科主要疾病之治療
      (C)研究各種口腔病變之基因調控機制
      (D)藉社區診斷與社區工作來推動口腔疾病之預防

      5. The pain-killing agent most commonly administered in dentistry is the local anesthetic, _____ loss of feeling only in a specific area.
      (A) who be produced
      (B) which produces
      (C) where produces
      (D) that be producing
      (E) which is produced

      編輯私有筆記及自訂標籤
      答案:B
      難度:適中
      第 16 題至第 20 題為篇章結構題組,下列各題請依文意從四個選項中選出最合適者,答案選用不能重覆。 Regenerative medicine is a field with big ambitions. It hopes, one day, to repair or replace worn-out hearts, livers, kidneys and other vital organs. Many people, though, would settle for a humbler repair—of their teeth. 16 But if work by people such as David Mooney of Harvard University comes to fruition, the days of drill and fill may be numbered. Dr. Mooney and his team have found a surprising way to get dentine, the tissue that underlies a tooth’s enamel coat, to repair itself. They do so by shining a laser beam at it. Regenerative medicine boils down to the intelligent manipulation of stem cells. A stem cell is one that has the capacity to split asymmetrically so that one remains a stem cell while the other gives birth to a line which proliferates and differentiates into many other sorts of cell. The most famous and controversial stem cells are those in early embryos. 17 Mature tissues such as dentine contain stem cells of more limited capacity, which keep up a supply of new specialized cells to replace old ones as they die. Dr. Mooney’s trick is to tickle dentine’s stem cells in a way that encourages them to proliferate and produce more dentine. 18 The light it shines creates chemically potent, oxygen-rich molecules such as hydrogen peroxide which go on to activate latent versions of molecules called transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta 1). 19 This is a preliminary result, and it does not address the question of whether enamel might similarly be repaired. 20 Eventually, perhaps, dentists will approach cavities with lasers rather than drills—and the days of fillings will be over.
      【題組】 16
      (A) Dentistry has too much “drill and fill,” cutting away infected tissue and replacing with alien, artificial materials.
      (B) Dentistry is widely considered important for overall health.
      (C) The history of regenerative medicine is almost as ancient as the history of human civilization.
      (D) Dentistry usually encompasses very important practices related to the oral cavity.

      編輯私有筆記及自訂標籤
      答案:A
      難度:適中

      10
       【站僕】摩檸Morning:有沒有達人來解釋一下?
      倒數 4天 ,已有 0 則答案


      【題組】 19
      (A) Dr.Mooney and his team have shown that this works in both tissue cultures and actual (rats’) teeth.
      (B) Dentry usually encompasses very important practices related to the oral cavity.
      (C) Laser beams offer new potentials for treating diseases such as diabetes and heart disease.
      (D) A host of clinical applications fail to promote restorative dentistry and regenerative medicine.

      編輯私有筆記及自訂標籤
      答案:A
      難度:適中

      10
       【站僕】摩檸Morning:有沒有達人來解釋一下?
      倒數 5天 ,已有 0 則答案