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      關於試題:41 Fasting, another health-targeted solution to weight control, is increasingly adopted by pe..

    Grace Liu 國三下 (2010/05/31)

    desperate 絕望的

    in desperation 拼命地

    蘇婕鈮 大二下 (2012/12/28)
    上榜黃 大一下 (2013/05/10)
    The situation in the flooded area is_____.They have no food,very little clean water and no medical supplies. (A)peaceful (B)desperate (C)mysterious (D)significant
    18. A war is ____________ between these two countries. Those intend to run away from fighting are desperate for a new home to dwell in.

    Hsu Baleng 高一下 (2013/03/26)
     The Supreme Court's decisions on physicianassisted suicide carry important implications for how medicine seeks to relieve dying patients of pain and suffering.   Although it ruled that there is no constitutional right to physicianassisted suicide, the Court in effect supported the medical principle of“double effect”a centuriesold moral principle holding that an action having two effects—a good one that is intended and a harmful one that is foreseen—is permissible if the actor intends only the good effect.   Doctors have used that principle in recent years to justify using high doses of morphine to control terminally ill patientspain, even though increasing dosages will eventually kill the patient.   Nancy Dubler, director of Montefiore Medical Center, contends that the principle will shield doctors who“until now have very, very strongly insisted that they could not give patients sufficient medication to control their pain if that might hasten death.”   George Annas, chair of the health law department at Boston University, maintains that, as long as a doctor prescribes a drug for a legitimate medical purpose, the doctor has done nothing illegal even if the patient uses the drug to hasten death.“It's like surgery,”he says.“We don't call those deaths homicides because the doctors didn't intend to kill their patients, although they risked their death. If you're a physician, you can risk your patient's suicide as long as you don't intend their suicide.”   On another level, many in the medical community acknowledge that the assistedsuicide debate has been fueled in part by the despair of patients for whom modern medicine has prolonged the physical agony of dying.   Just three weeks before the Court's ruling on physicianassisted suicide, the National Academy of Science (NAS) released a twovolume report, Approaching Death : Improving Care at the End of Life. It identifies the undertreatment of pain and the aggressive use of“ineffectual and forced medical procedures that may prolong and even dishonor the period of dying”as the twin problems of endoflife care.   The profession is taking steps to require young doctors to train in hospices, to test knowledge of aggressive pain management therapies, to develop a Medicare billing code for hospitalbased care, and to develop new standards for assessing and treating pain at the end of life.   Annas says lawyers can play a key role in insisting that these wellmeaning medical initiatives translate into better care.“Large numbers of physicians seem unconcerned with the pain their patients are needlessly and predictably suffering,”to the extent that it constiutes“systematic patient abuse.”He says medical licensing boards“must make it clear……that painful deaths are presumptively ones that are incompetently managed and should result in license suspension.”
    【題組】59.Which of the following best defines the word“aggressive”(line 3, paragraph 7)?   

    When it comes to the slowing economy, Ellen Spero isn’t biting her nails just yet. But the 47-year-old manicurist isn’t cutting, filing or polishing as many nails as she’d like to, either. Most of her clients spend $12 to $50 weekly, but last month two longtime customers suddenly stopped showing up. Spero blames the softening economy. “I’m a good economic indicator,” she says. “I provide a service that people can do without when they’re concerned about saving some dollars.” So Spero is downscaling, shopping at middle-brow Dillard’s department store near her suburban Cleveland home, instead of Neiman Marcus. “I don’t know if other clients are going to abandon me, too.” she says. Even before Alan Greenspan’s admission that America’s red-hot economy is cooling, lots of working folks had already seen signs of the slowdown themselves. From car dealerships to Gap outlets, sales have been lagging for months as shoppers temper their spending. For retailers, who last year took in 24 percent of their revenue between Thanksgiving and Christmas, the cautious approach is coming at a crucial time. Already, experts say, holiday sales are off 7 percent from last year’s pace. But don’t sound any alarms just yet. Consumers seem only mildly concerned, not panicked, and many say they remain optimistic about the economy’s long-term prospects, even as they do some modest belt-tightening. Consumers say they’re not in despair because, despite the dreadful headlines, their own fortunes still feel pretty good. Home prices are holding steady in most regions. In Manhattan, “there’s a new gold rush happening in the $4 million to $10 million range, predominantly fed by Wall Street bonuses,” says broker Barbara Corcoran. In San Francisco, prices are still rising even as frenzied overbidding quiets. “Instead of 20 to 30 offers, now maybe you only get two or three,” says John Tealdi, a Bay Area real-estate broker. And most folks still feel pretty comfortable about their ability to find and keep a job. Many folks see silver linings to this slowdown. Potential home buyers would cheer for lower interest rates. Employers wouldn’t mind a little fewer bubbles in the job market. Many consumers seem to have been influenced by stock-market swings, which investors now view as a necessary ingredient to a sustained boom. Diners might see an upside, too. Getting a table at Manhattan’s hot new Alain Ducasse restaurant used to be impossible. Not anymore. For that, Greenspan & Co. may still be worth toasting.
    【題組】51.By “Ellen Spero isn’t biting her nails just yet” (Lines 1-2, Paragraph 1), the author means ________.
    (A) Spero can hardly maintain her business
    (B) Spero is too much engaged in her work
    (C) Spero has grown out of her bad habit
    (D) Spero is not in a desperate situation

    Whatever happened to the death of newspaper? A year ago the end seemed near. The recession threatened to remove the advertising and readers that had not already fled to the internet. Newspapers like the San Francisco Chronicle were chronicling their own doom. America’s Federal Trade commission launched a round of talks about how to save newspapers. Should they become charitable corporations? Should the state subsidize them ? It will hold another meeting soon. But the discussions now seem out of date. In much of the world there is the sign of crisis. German and Brazilian papers have shrugged off the recession. Even American newspapers, which inhabit the most troubled come of the global industry, have not only survived but often returned to profit. Not the 20% profit margins that were routine a few years ago, but profit all the same. It has not been much fun. Many papers stayed afloat by pushing journalists overboard. The American Society of News Editors reckons that 13,500 newsroom jobs have gone since 2007. Readers are paying more for slimmer products. Some papers even had the nerve to refuse delivery to distant suburbs. Yet these desperate measures have proved the right ones and, sadly for many journalists, they can be pushed further. Newspapers are becoming more balanced businesses, with a healthier mix of revenues from readers and advertisers. American papers have long been highly unusual in their reliance on ads. Fully 87% of their revenues came from advertising in 2008, according to the Organization for Economic Cooperation & Development (OECD). In Japan the proportion is 35%. Not surprisingly, Japanese newspapers are much more stable. The whirlwind that swept through newsrooms harmed everybody, but much of the damage has been concentrated in areas where newspaper are least distinctive. Car and film reviewers have gone. So have science and general business reporters. Foreign bureaus have been savagely cut off. Newspapers are less complete as a result. But completeness is no longer a virtue in the newspaper business.
    【題組】26. By saying “Newspapers like … their own doom” (Lines 3-4, Para. 1), the author indicates that newspaper .
    (A)neglected the sign of crisis
    (B)failed to get state subsidies
    (C)were not charitable corporations
    (D)were in a desperate situation