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搜尋:deviance socially constructed

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Which of the following has nothing to do with the notion of genre?
(A)Different purposeful, socially-constructed, communicative events result in different text types.
(B)We should start with whole texts or whole language events rather than discrete elements such as words or sentences.
(C)There is not a finite set of genres belonging to a culture existing ‘out therewaiting to be discovered.
(D)Texts in which the information is presented in its chronological sequence are often easier to be understood than texts in which the information is presented out of sequence.
編輯私有筆記
答案:D
難度:困難
1F
羅逸昇 大一上 (2014/06/19 09:27)
can someone explain the reason? thanks
第 17 題至第 20 題為篇章結構,各題請依文意,從四個選項中選出最合適者,各題答案內容不重複     
     The assumption that reading takes place in imaginative isolation from the world is deeply embedded in everydayusage as well as in theoretical discussion. To begin with, reading feels like an intensely personal, private commitment.For instance, it is commonplace to hear the pleasure of reading associated with varieties of escape from the pressure ofhaving to relate to others in social situations. Yet, the flip side of this is the complaint one often hears, primarilyfrom students, that 17 These feelings about the solitariness of reading are so pervasive that one might inferthat 18 Such stereotypes persist, in part, because we assume that reading begins and ends as a solitary experience, that is, one that presupposes a single reader encountering a single text.      
      The perception that reading is an individual act gains considerable strength from the presence of threeenduringtraditions” in Western culture, traditions that constitute a formidable barrier to change. In the first place, assumptionsabout reading are conditioned by assumptions about writing, and romantic notions about writers as mysteriouslyinspired from within continue for many to be definitive. A second tradition grows out of the work of professionalliterary critics. For decades, this work has fostered the notion that 19      
      The impact of these images of writers and readers is intensified by a third tradition contributing to the impressionthat reading must be a private, asocial experience. In capitalistic, patriarchal societies such as ours, 20 We find itdifficult to imagine reading as a shared enterprise unless this involves individuals gathering to “consumeinterpretations provided by others (via lecture or presentation) or to “exchangeideas with one another. This way ofthinking makes the “economic marketplace” an apt (though undesirable) metaphor for what has traditionally beenunderstood by the term “class discussion.”

【題組】 17
(A)readers must be passive and pious observers of texts, and so must venerate them as artistic objects.
(B)reading is a collaborative process in which meaning is socially constructed.
(C)reading is boring in so far as it is not connected with theirreal worldconcerns.
(D)reading involves a transmission of objective information from the mind of the author to the mind of the reader via the text.
編輯私有筆記
答案:C
難度:適中
【題組】18
(A)people who read a lot must be lonely introverts compared with their more gregarious and non-reading peers.
(B)reading is boring in so far as it is not connected with theirreal worldconcerns.
(C)reading is a collaborative process in which meaning is socially constructed.
(D)self-reliance and individual initiative are valued over interdependence and collaboration.
編輯私有筆記
答案:A
難度:非常困難
【題組】 20
(A)self-reliance and individual initiative are valued over interdependence and collaboration.
(B)readers must be passive and pious observers of texts, and so must venerate them as artistic objects.
(C)people who read a lot must be lonely introverts compared with their more gregarious and non-reading peers.
(D)reading is a collaborative process in which meaning is socially constructed.
編輯私有筆記
答案:A
難度:適中
8.因為社會規範與社會價值的不同,心理變態到目前為止並沒有一個公認的定義,但多數的定義都有一些共同的特徵,被簡稱為4D,下列何者不是:
(A)異常deviance
(B)期間長短duration
(C)功能失常dysfunction
(D)危險danger
編輯私有筆記
答案:B
難度:適中
最佳解!
Pei Yin Tu 小三下 (2010/05/27 16:08)
4D: Deviance, Distress, Dysfunction, Danger 變態的定義:4D異常deviance:異於(社會文化的.....看完整詳解
1F
山聆棻 高一下 (2010/05/27 10:31)

請問是哪4D呢?
2F
山聆棻 高一下 (2010/05/27 10:31)
deviance'