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When provided with continuous nourishment, trees, like people, growcomplacent”—the word tree-ring scientists use to describe trees like those on the floor of the Colorado River Valley, whose roots tap into thick reservoirs of moist soil. Complacent trees aren’t much use for learning about climate history, because they pack on wide new rings of wood even in dry years. To find trees that feel the same climatic pulses as the river, trees whose rings widen and narrow from year to year with the river itself, scientists have to climb up the steep, rocky slopes above the valley and look for gnarled, ugly trees, the kind that loggers ignore. For some reason suchsensitivetrees seem to live longer than the complacent ones. “Maybe you can get too much of a good thing,” says Dave Meko, a tree-ring scientist who has been studying the climate history of the western United States for decades. Tree-ring fieldwork is hardly expensive, but during the relatively wet 1980s and early ’90s, Meko found it difficult to raise even the modest funds for his work. “You don’t generate interest to study drought unless you’re in a drought,” he says.
【題組】47 According to this passage, which kind of trees is Dave Meko’s ideal study subject?
(A)Trees whose roots tap into rich reservoirs of moist soil.
(B)Lush trees growing on the floor of the Colorado River Valley.
(C)Trees that are ideal for loggers.
(D)Gnarled and ignored trees growing on the steep, rocky slopes above the valley.
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答案:D
難度:適中
1F
葉玉琴 大二上 (2011/11/02 22:32)

電腦直譯:

當提供連續的營養,樹木,像人一樣,長"自滿" word 樹木年輪科學家用來描述類似美國科羅拉多河流域,其根打入厚油層的潮濕的土壤在地板上的樹木。因為他們對寬新環包裝乾旱年甚至自滿樹不是木材的用太多的關於氣候歷史、 學習。要找到感覺到河邊的同一氣候脈衝的樹,樹其圈擴大和縮小與本身,這條河每年科學家必須爬上陡峭、 岩石斜坡上方谷的記錄器忽略的那種杖、 醜陋的樹木,看看。由於某種原因這種"敏感"樹似乎比自滿的長壽。戴夫 · 馬茲,幾十年來一直研究的美國西部氣候歷史的年輪科學家說:"也許你可以得到太多的一件好事"。樹木年輪田野調查幾乎不貴,但較濕八十年代和九十年代初,在馬茲發現



39 Out of the barren earth of their homeland, the farmers are able to create a lush landscape.
(A)The farmers manage to create a rich landscape despite the barren soil.
(B)By getting out of the barren earth, the farmers are able to create a rich landscape.
(C)Outside the poor territory of their homeland, the farmers succeed in creating a lush landscape.
(D)Away from the barren earth of their homeland, the farmers manage to create a rich landscape.
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答案:A
難度:適中
2F
Debbie Pan 國一下 (2014/09/12 18:05)
補充說明一下 out of ....也可解釋成:由於................目的或原因
故答案選A
由於家鄉貧瘠的土地的原因,農民能夠創造出茂盛的景觀
A)雖然是貧瘠的土地,農民仍設法創造出豐富的景觀
B)出走貧瘠的土地,農民可以創造豐饒的景色
C)在家鄉貧窮的領土外,農民成功創造茂盛的景色
D)逃離他們貧瘠的家鄉,農民設法創造豐富的景色
3F
老皮好聰明 小六上 (2015/11/19 15:02)
從他們祖國貧瘠的土地上,這些農人有能力創造一片欣欣向榮的景觀。
4F
雷慕莎 大一下 (2016/05/28 22:09)
barren  US:[ˈberən]; web. 贫瘠的;不孕的;贫瘠;可生育的;不生育的
IV. 閱讀測驗: (5%) A widely held theory today is that the ancestors of today’s Native American peoples traveled to the Western Hemisphere from Asia between 25,000 and 30,000 years ago, which was around the same time that Japan was being settled by Stone Age inhabitants. There is dental evidence and blood-type evidence to support this theory. A dental pattern that is found among most ancient human fossils in the Americas is consistent with the dental pattern of ancient human fossils in northeastern Asia. In blood type, the fact that blood type B is almost nonexistent among Native American populations but exists in Asian populations leads to the conclusion that migrations to the Americas from Asia took place before the evolution of blood type B, which is believed to have occurred around 30,000 years ago. In addition to the dental and blood-type evidence, more general evolutionary evidence suggests that it took more than 20,000 years for the variety of physical traits common to Native American populations to evolve, and linguists broadly concur that the development of the approximately 500 distinct languages of the Native American would require approximately 25,000 years. The proposed migration from Asia to the Americans took place during the Ice Age that characterized the Pleistocene epoch. During that period of time, there were huge glaciers holding enormous volumes of water, and, because of the huge glaciers, sea levels were as much as 100 meters lower than they are today. The reduced sea levels meant that Asia and North America were linked with a 750-mile-wide landmass, named Beringia after the Bering Straits that now cover it, and consisted of treeless grassland with warm summers and cold dry winters. Because of the geographical features of Beringia during the Pleistocene epoch, it was an environment well-suited to the large mammals of the time, such as mammoth, mastodon, bison, horse, and reindeer, as well as to the Stone Age hunters who depended on these animals for their existence. The Stone Age inhabitants of the area used these animals not only for food but also for shelter, clothing, and weapons; they were able to spread out and expand their hunting areas as their populations grew, and their populations most likely grew at a very high rate because of the huge amount of territory available for expansion. In spite of the evidence, not all anthropologists are convinced that the migrations from Asia to the Americas took place as early as 25,000 to 30,000 years ago. There is general agreement that the migrations took place, but some believe that the migrations took place much later. No fossilized human bones have been found in what used to be Beringia; finding human bones dating from 25,000 to 30,000 years ago would be strong proof of the dates when the migration took place. However, because what was once Beringia is submerged beneath ocean waters, it may be a formidable task to uncover fossil evidence of migration from Asia to the Americas through Beringia.
【題組】48.Which of the following statements is TRUE about Beringia?
(A) Beringia serves as the source of the name Bering Straits.
(B) Beringia used to be covered with lush trees and grass as a suitable habitat for many species.
(C) Beringia has become inaccessible because it has been submerged under glaciers.
(D) Beringia provided the inhabitants with a suitable environment for survival due to the spacious territory
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答案:D
難度:困難
31 Gold has a _______ beauty that is resistant to corrosion; therefore, it is suitable for making jewelry.
(A)lush
(B)lucid
(C)lustrous
(D)luscious
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答案:C
難度:困難
1F
Mamiifun 高二上 (2016/11/08 17:41)

(A)lush 繁榮的;酒鬼
(B)lucid 清楚易懂的;清澈
(C)lustrous 有光澤的
(D)luscious 甘甜多汁的;賞心悅目的

       When provided with continuous nourishment, trees, like people, growcomplacent”—the word tree-ring scientists use to describe trees like those on the floor of the Colorado River Valley, whose roots tap into thick reservoirs of moist soil. Complacent trees aren’t much use for learning about climate history, because they pack on wide new rings of wood even in dry years. To find trees that feel the same climatic pulses as the river, trees whose rings widen and narrow from year to year with the river itself, scientists have to climb up the steep, rocky slopes above the valley and look for gnarled, ugly trees, the kind that loggers ignore. For some reason suchsensitivetrees seem to live longer than the complacent ones. “Maybe you can get too much of a good thing,” says Dave Meko, a tree-ring scientist who has been studying the climate history of the western United States for decades. Tree-ring fieldwork is hardly expensive, but during the relatively wet 1980s and early ’90s, Meko found it difficult to raise even the modest funds for his work. “You don’t generate interest to study drought unless you’re in a drought,” he says.
【題組】47 According to this passage, which kind of trees is Dave Meko’s ideal study subject?
(A) Trees whose roots tap into rich reservoirs of moist soil.
(B) Lush trees growing on the floor of the Colorado River Valley.
(C) Trees that are ideal for loggers.
(D) Gnarled and ignored trees growing on the steep, rocky slopes above the valley.
編輯私有筆記
答案:D
難度:適中
10
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