More than 160 studies of human and animal subjects has found “clear and compelling
evidence” that19happy people tend to live longer and experience better health
than their unhappy peers.
The study, in the journal Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being, is the most 20 review so far of the evidence linking happiness to health outcomes. Its lead author, Ed Diener said, “We reviewed eight different types of studies，’’ Diener said. “And the general conclusion from each type of study is that your subjective well-being— that is，feeling positive about your life, not
stressed out，not depressed—contributes 21both longevity and better health among
A study that followed nearly 5,000 university students for more than 40 years, for example,
found that those who were most 22 as students tended to die younger than their peers.
An even longer-term study that followed 180 Catholic nuns from early adulthood to old age found
that those who wrote positive autobiographies in their early 20s usually 23 those who
wrote more negative accounts of their young lives. There were a few exceptions, but most of the
long-term studies that the researchers 24 found that anxiety, depression, and a lack of
enjoyment of daily activities all are associated to higher rates of disease and a shorter lifespan.