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4. Edita Gruberova has been highly acclaimed as one of the greatest contemporary sopranos for her superb rendering of ornamental passages.
(A) scherzo
(B) coloratura
(C) falsetto
(D) baton
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答案:B
難度:困難
1F
Helen Yang 高三下 (2014/05/11 11:15)
A. scherzo: (n) 詼諧曲
B. coloratura (n) 花腔女高音
C. falsetto (n.) 假聲
2F
羅逸昇 大一上 (2014/07/02 16:05)
soprano 女高音歌手; 男童聲最高音歌手
Questions 30-39 Tulips are Old World, rather than New World, plants, with the origins of the species lying in Central Asia. They became an integral part of the gardens of the Ottoman Empire from the sixteenth century onward, and, soon after, part of European life as well. Holland, Line in particular, became famous for its cultivation of the flower. (5) A tenuous line marked the advance of the tulip to the New World, where it was unknown in the wild. The first Dutch colonies in North America had been established in New Netherland by the Dutch West India Company in 1624, and one individual who settled in New Amsterdam (today's Manhattan section of New York City) in 1642 described the flowers that bravely colonized the settlers' gardens. They were the same (10) flowers seen in Dutch still-life paintings of the time: crown imperials, roses, carnations, and of course tulips. They flourished in Pennsylvania too, where in 1698 William Penn received a report of John Tateham's "Great and Stately Palace," its garden full of tulips. By 1760, Boston newspapers were advertising 50 different kinds of mixed tulip "roots." But the length of the journey between Europe and North America created many (15) difficulties. Thomas Hancock, an English settler, wrote thanking his plant supplier for a gift of some tulip bulbs from England, but his letter the following year grumbled that they were all dead. Tulips arrived in Holland, Michigan, with a later wave of early nineteenth-century Dutch immigrants who quickly colonized the plains of Michigan. Together with many (20) other Dutch settlements, such as the one at Pella. Iowa, they established a regular demand for European plants. The demand was bravely met by a new kind of tulip entrepreneur, the traveling salesperson. One Dutchman, Hendrick van der Schoot, spent six months in 1849 traveling through the United States taking orders for tulip bulbs. While tulip bulbs were traveling from Europe to the United States to satisfy the nostalgic longings of homesick (25) English and Dutch settlers, North American plants were traveling in the opposite direction. In England, the enthusiasm for American plants was one reason why tulips dropped out of fashion in the gardens of the rich and famous.
【題組】31. The word "integral" in line 2 is closest in meaning to
(A) interesting
(B) fundamental
(C) ornamental
(D) overlooked
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答案:B
難度:適中
You are visiting a European capital and you would like to take in some of the sights. But you are not so 6 on shelling out for an expensive tourist bus to be assailed by a loud commentary. So why not try public transport? It is cheap, it is fun to sit among the locals, and certain bus and tram routes are so 7 that they could have been set specifically with sightseers in mind. For example, in Berlin, you can journey through recent German history on the No. 100 double-decker bus as it crosses from the former West Berlin to what was once East Berlin. 8 it at the zoo. Then look for the bomb-damaged Kaiser Wilhelm Church tower, which stands as a 9 of the horrors of war. After passing the House of World Cultures, known by locals as the Pregnant Oyster, the bus approaches the Reichstag with a huge glass dome that sits over the plenary hall. Passing the Brandenburg Gate, you travel on Unter den Linden boulevard with its elegant 18th century buildings, which contrast sharply with the 10 East bloc architecture of Alexanderplatz, the final stop. Journey time: about 30 minutes.
【題組】7
(A)decorative
(B)dramatic
(C)ornamental
(D)scenic
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答案:D
難度:非常困難
10. Pines are trees in the genus Pinus in the family Pinaceae. Certain pine trees are deliberately dwarfed for ornamental purposes and are well-loved during the Christmas season.
(A) decorative
(B) diverse
(C) constructive
(D) versatile
(E) medicinal II. Grammar and Structure Part I: Choose the letter of the underlined part that is NOT correct in usage.
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答案:A
難度:非常簡單
Passage 3 Of all the accessories and adornments to garments one perhaps pays least of all attention to buttons. Functional and often unexciting, replaced by zip fasteners or hooks and eyes there is, one would think, nothing much to be said about the humble button. Yet it is very probable that buttons started life as ornaments; certainly it is not known that they had any practical function until the 13th century. By the 14th century buttons were once again ornamental, often lavishly so, to such an extent that it was by no means uncommon for a person of wealth and consequence to have as many as 300 buttons on a single article of dress. Unimaginable as it seems today, sewing superfluous buttons on clothes became a craze—not one that seems harmful to us though some Italians took a different view and a law against buttons was enforced in Florence. No buttons were to be worn on the upper arms; penalty for disobedience—a sound whipping. (How often this had to be carried out, history does not relate!) Most of the buttons on modern clothes which could be called decorative once did in fact serve a useful purpose. Buttons on boots are one good example. Sleeve buttons on men’s coats are a reminder of the days when the fashion was for wearing shirts with frilly lace cuffs. On the tails of a modern tail coat there are indeed buttons which are purely ornamental but in earlier days horsemen used these buttons to keep the tails out of harm’s way. With regard to the side on which clothes are buttoned, originally both male and female dress was buttoned on the left hand side. Changes came when men had to have access to their swords. So perhaps it is worth taking a look at buttons.
【題組】32. Buttons on the tails of a modern tail coat ______.
(A) were always purely ornamental
(B) were used to keep the horse’s tail out of the way
(C) are now only used by horsemen to stop their tails being harmed
(D) were once useful to horsemen
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答案:D
難度:適中