Tulips are Old World, ratherthan New World, plants, with the origins of the specieslying in CentralAsia. Theybecame an integralpart of the gardens of the OttomanEmpirefrom the sixteenthcenturyonward, and, soonafter, part of Europeanlife as well. Holland,
Line in particular, becamefamous for its cultivation of the flower.
(5) A tenuouslinemarked the advance of the tulip to the New World, where it was
unknown in the wild. The firstDutchcolonies in NorthAmerica had beenestablished
in New Netherland by the DutchWestIndiaCompany in 1624, and one individual who
settled in New Amsterdam (today's Manhattansection of New YorkCity) in 1642
described the flowersthatbravelycolonized the settlers' gardens. Theywere the same
(10) flowersseen in Dutchstill-lifepaintings of the time: crownimperials, roses, carnations,
and of coursetulips. Theyflourished in Pennsylvania too, where in 1698 WilliamPennreceived a report of JohnTateham's "Great and StatelyPalace," its gardenfull of tulips.
By 1760, Bostonnewspaperswereadvertising 50 differentkinds of mixedtulip "roots."
But the length of the journeybetweenEurope and NorthAmericacreatedmany
(15) difficulties. ThomasHancock, an Englishsettler, wrotethanking his plantsupplier for
a gift of sometulipbulbsfromEngland, but his letter the followingyeargrumbledthattheywere all dead.
Tulipsarrived in Holland, Michigan, with a laterwave of earlynineteenth-centuryDutchimmigrants who quicklycolonized the plains of Michigan. Togetherwithmany
(20) otherDutchsettlements, such as the one at Pella. Iowa, theyestablished a regulardemand
for Europeanplants. The demand was bravely met by a new kind of tulipentrepreneur, the
travelingsalesperson. One Dutchman, Hendrick van der Schoot, spent six months in 1849
travelingthrough the UnitedStatestakingorders for tulipbulbs. WhiletulipbulbsweretravelingfromEurope to the UnitedStates to satisfy the nostalgiclongings of homesick
(25) English and Dutchsettlers, NorthAmericanplantsweretraveling in the oppositedirection. In England, the enthusiasm for Americanplants was one reason why tulipsdropped out of fashion in the gardens of the rich and famous.
【題組】31. The word "integral" in line 2 is closest in meaning to
(A) interesting (B) fundamental (C) ornamental (D) overlooked
You are visiting a Europeancapital and you wouldlike to take in some of the sights. But you are not so 6 on
shelling out for an expensivetourist bus to be assailed by a loudcommentary. So why not try publictransport? It is
cheap, it is fun to sit among the locals, and certain bus and tramroutes are so 7 thattheycouldhavebeen set
specificallywithsightseers in mind.
For example, in Berlin, you can journeythroughrecentGermanhistory on the No. 100 double-decker bus as it
crossesfrom the formerWestBerlin to what was onceEastBerlin. 8 it at the zoo. Thenlook for the
bomb-damagedKaiserWilhelmChurchtower, whichstands as a 9 of the horrors of war. Afterpassing the
House of WorldCultures, known by locals as the PregnantOyster, the bus approaches the Reichstagwith a hugeglassdomethatsitsover the plenaryhall.
Passing the BrandenburgGate, you travel on Unter den Lindenboulevardwith its elegant 18th centurybuildings, whichcontrastsharplywith the 10 Eastblocarchitecture of Alexanderplatz, the finalstop. Journeytime: about 30 minutes.
【題組】7 (A)decorative (B)dramatic (C)ornamental (D)scenic
10. Pines are trees in the genusPinus in the familyPinaceae. Certainpinetrees are
deliberatelydwarfed for ornamentalpurposes and are well-lovedduring the Christmasseason.
(A) decorative (B) diverse (C) constructive (D) versatile (E) medicinal
II. Grammar and StructurePart I: Choose the letter of the underlinedpartthat is NOT correct in usage.
Of all the accessories and adornments to garments one perhapspaysleast of all attention to buttons. Functional and oftenunexciting, replaced by zip fasteners or hooks and eyesthere is, one wouldthink, nothingmuch to be saidabout the humblebutton.
Yet it is veryprobablethatbuttonsstartedlife as ornaments; certainly it is not knownthatthey had any practicalfunctionuntil the 13th century. By the 14th centurybuttonswereonceagainornamental, oftenlavishly so, to such an extentthat it was by
no meansuncommon for a person of wealth and consequence to have as many as 300 buttons on a singlearticle of dress.
Unimaginable as it seemstoday, sewingsuperfluousbuttons on clothesbecame a craze—not one thatseemsharmful to us
thoughsomeItalianstook a differentview and a law againstbuttons was enforced in Florence. No buttonswere to be worn on
the upperarms; penalty for disobedience—a soundwhipping. (How oftenthis had to be carried out, historydoes not relate!)
Most of the buttons on modernclotheswhichcould be calleddecorativeonce did in factserve a usefulpurpose. Buttons on
boots are one goodexample. Sleevebuttons on men’s coats are a reminder of the dayswhen the fashion was for wearingshirtswithfrillylacecuffs.
On the tails of a moderntailcoatthere are indeedbuttonswhich are purelyornamental but in earlierdayshorsemenusedthesebuttons to keep the tails out of harm’s way.
Withregard to the side on whichclothes are buttoned, originallybothmale and femaledress was buttoned on the lefthandside. Changescamewhen men had to haveaccess to theirswords.
So perhaps it is worthtaking a look at buttons.
【題組】32. Buttons on the tails of a moderntailcoat ______.
(A) werealwayspurelyornamental (B) wereused to keep the horse’s tail out of the way
(C) are now onlyused by horsemen to stoptheirtailsbeingharmed (D) wereonceuseful to horsemen