SusanSontag (1933 -- 2004) was one of the mostnoticeablefigures in the world of literature. For morethan 40 years she made it morallynecessary to knoweverything -- to readeverybookworthreading, to see everymovieworthseeing. When she was still in her early 30s, publishingessays in suchimportantmagazines as PartisanReview, she appeared as the symbol of Americanculturallife, tryinghard to followevery new development in literature, film and art. Withgreateffort and seriousjudgment, Sontagwalked at the latestedges of worldculture.
Seriousness was one of Sontag's lifelongwatchwords (格言), but at a timewhen the barriersbetween the well-educated and the poor-educatedwereobvious, she argued for a trueopenness to the pleasures of pop culture. In "Notes on Camp", the 1964 essaythatfirstmade her name, she explainedwhat was then a little-known set of difficultunderstandings, throughwhich she could not havebeenmorefamous. "Notes on Camp", she wrote, represents "a victory of 'form' over 'content', 'beauty' over 'morals'".
By conviction (信念) she was a sensualist (感觉论者), but by nature she was a moralist (伦理学者), and in the works she published in the 1970s and 1980s, it was the latterside of her thatcameforward. In Illness as Metaphor -- published in 1978, after she sufferedcancer -- she arguedagainst the ideathatcancer was somehow a specialproblem of repressedpersonalities (被压抑的个性), a conceptthateffectivelyblamed the victim for the disease. In fact, re-examining old positions was her lifelonghabit.
In America, her story of a 19th centuryPolishactress who set up a perfectsociety in California, won the NationalBookAward in 2000. But it was as a tireless, all-purposeculturalviewthat she made her lastingfame. "Sometimes," she oncesaid, "I feelthat, in the end, all I am reallydefending ... is the idea of seriousness, of treeseriousness." And in the end, she made us take it seriously too. 【題組】72. She first won her namethrough_______.
(A). her story of a Polishactress (B). her bookIllness as Metaphor (C). publishingessays in magazineslikePartisanReview (D). her explanation of a set of difficultunderstandings