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搜尋:pathological

John B. Calhoun did a classic series of experiments to determine the effects of overpopulation on communities of rats in the 1960s. In each of these experiments, an equal number of male and female adult rats were placed in an enclosure and given an adequate supply of food, water and other necessities. He allowed the rat populations to increase to approximately twice the number that could live in the enclosure without experiencing stress due to overcrowding. He then carefully observed and recorded behavior in these overpopulations communities. At the end of these experiments, Calhoun was able to conclude that overcrowding caused a breakdown in the normal social relationships among rats. The females, the most seriously affected by the high population density, showed deviant, pathological maternal behavior: they did not behave as mother rats normally do. For example, mothers sometimes abandoned their pops, and, without their mothers' care, the pops died. Under normal conditions, a mother rat would not leave her pops alone to die. The dominant male, the least affected by overpopulation, claimed an area of the enclosure as his own. Therefore, these individuals did not experience the overcrowding in the same way as the other rats did. They did behave pathologically at times. Their antisocial behavior consisted of attacks on weaker male, female, and immature rats. Nondominant males in the experiments also exhibited deviant social behavior. Some withdrew completely; they moved very little and ate and drank at times when the other rats were sleeping in order to avoid contact with them. Other nondominant males were hyperactive, chasing other rats and fighting each other. This segment of the rat population, like all the other parts, was affected by the overpopulation.
【題組】Which of the following statements is true based on the reading? 
(A)Overpopulation causes pathological behavior in rat population. ‚
(B)The dominant males are less affected because they did not need their own space. ƒ
(C)Female rats are more seriously affected than the nondominant males. „
(D)The dominant males are less seriously affected than the nondominant males.

編輯私有筆記及自訂標籤
答案:A,C,D
難度:非常困難
1F
Chun Jen Wan 高二上 (2012/03/01)     2    

以下哪項陳述真實的基礎閱讀

(A)人口過剩導致病理大鼠人口行為

(B)佔主導地位的男性受影響,因為他們並不需要自己的空間

(C)雌性大鼠非慣用的男性嚴重影響

(D)嚴重影響佔主導地位的男性非慣用的男性

2F
【站僕】摩檸Morning 小四下 (2013/09/11)     1    
原本答案為E,修改為A,C,D
3F
文人相輕,自古皆然。 大四上 (2017/04/27)     2    
基於閱讀,以下哪些陳述是真實的?n(A)人群過多會導致大鼠群體的病理行為。n(B)主要的男性受影響較小,因為他們不需要自己的空間。呃,n(C)雌性大鼠比非優勢雄性受影響更嚴重。呃,n(D)優勢男性受到的影響不如非優勢男性。
40.下列關於正常步態(normal gait)及病態步態(pathological gait)的.述及處置,何者正確?
(A)正常步態在一個完整的週期中會出現3次的雙腳支撐期(double limb support phase)
(B)髖關節的環繞步態(circumduction gait)是患者為代償垂足之現象,而出現之有效能性之動作
(C)長期膝關節後彎(genu recurvatum)之步態,易使膝關節受力不當而使結構破壞之情形,使用功能性的足部裝具(foot orthosis)不能改善此一步態
(D)正常步態的站立期(stance phase)與擺盪期(swing phase)的比例約為3:2

編輯私有筆記及自訂標籤
答案:D
難度:適中
1F
大牛 小五上 (2016/07/26)     3    
A. 2次
B. 因為膝蓋無法flexion
2F
Hsin-Hui Tsen 高三下 (2018/01/05)     1    

B.迴旋步態是為了代償髖關節flex動作不足所致

John B. Calhoun did a classic series of experiments to determine the effects of overpopulation on communities of rats in the 1960s. In each of these experiments, an equal number of male and female adult rats were placed in an enclosure and given an adequate supply of food, water and other necessities. He allowed the rat populations to increase to approximately twice the number that could live in the enclosure without experiencing stress due to overcrowding. He then carefully observed and recorded behavior in these overpopulations communities. At the end of these experiments, Calhoun was able to conclude that overcrowding caused a breakdown in the normal social relationships among rats. The females, the most seriously affected by the high population density, showed deviant, pathological maternal behavior: they did not behave as mother rats normally do. For example, mothers sometimes abandoned their pops, and, without their mothers’ care,the pops died. Under normal conditions,a mother rat would not leave her pops alone to die. The dominant male, the least affected by overpopulation, claimed an area of the enclosure as his own. Therefore,these individuals did not experience the overcrowding in the same way as the other rats did. They did behave pathologically at times. Their antisocial behavior consisted of attacks on weaker male, female, and immature rats. Nondominant males in the experiments also exhibited deviant social behavior. Some withdrew completely; they moved very little and ate and drank at times when the other rats were sleeping in order to avoid contact with them. Other nondominant males were hyperactive, chasing other rats and fighting each other. This segment of the rat population, like all the other parts, was affected by the overpopulation.
【題組】38. Which of the following statements is true based on the reading?
(A) Overpopulation causes pathological behavior in rat population.
(B) Female rats are more seriously affected than the nondominant males.
(C) The dominant males are less seriously affected than the nondominant males.
(D) The dominant males are less affected because they had more adequate space.
(E) Overpopulation exerts different influences on different personalities of male rats.

編輯私有筆記及自訂標籤
答案:A,B,C,D,E
難度:困難
1F
pardon 小四下 (2016/09/25)     0    
經濟部給的標準答案是ABCDE
2F
【站僕】摩檸Morning 小四下 (2016/09/30)     0    
原本答案為E,修改為A,B,C,D,E
3F
【站僕】摩檸Morning 小四下 (2016/09/30)     0    
原本題目:

John B. Calhoun did a classic series of experiments to determine the effects of overpopulation on communities of rats in the 1960s. In each of these experiments, an equal number of male and female adult rats were placed in an enclosure and given an adequate supply of food, water and other necessities. He allowed the rat populations to increase to approximately twice the number that could live in the enclosure without experiencing stress due to overcrowding. He then carefully observed and recorded behavior in these overpopulations communities. At the end of these experiments, Calhoun w...
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重新載圖57 11 歲男性病人主訴跌倒後,踝關節上方疼痛。圖為本次就診之踝關節 X 光攝影。最可能的診斷為何?  
(A)pathological fracture
(B)stress fracture
(C)depression fracture
(D)compression fracture

27 與「病態的擔心(pathological worry)」最有關聯性的疾患是:
(A)恐慌疾患(panic disorder)
(B)社會畏懼症(social phobia)
(C)懼曠症(agoraphobia)
(D)廣泛焦慮疾患(generalized anxiety disorder)