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搜尋:pessimism

I used to think of nonfiction books as a kind of economic indicator: in boom years, ___________ books sell well, while pessimism rules the bookstore in recession.
(A)historic
(B)philosophic
(C)optimistic
(D)biologic 
(E) statistic
編輯私有筆記
答案:C
難度:適中
4F
peiyu 國二上 (2014/06/25 14:45)
optimistic 樂觀的         pessimistic 悲觀的
optimism  樂觀主義     pessimism 悲觀主義
5F
已刪除 (2014/12/27 16:03)
nonfiction 

非小說類散文文學


6F
已刪除 (2014/12/27 16:04)

統治,管轄;控制,支配

The queen ruled her country for 20 years .   這位女王統治了她的國家二十年。

Success takes hard work,______ , and patience. One who gives up easily never achieves his or her goal.
(A) pessimism
(B) performance
(C) perseverance
(D) preservation
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答案:C
難度:適中
1F
仰泳鯨 小六下 (2013/09/21 15:50)

pessimism : 悲觀 . 悲觀主義

performance : 表演

perseverance : 毅力 . 忍耐 . 不屈不撓

preservation : 保存 . 貯藏 . 保護

2F
勇敢 國三下 (2013/12/03 22:54)
Without perseverance talent is a barren bed

沒有堅持 ,天賦只是張荒蕪的床
3F
勇敢 國三下 (2013/12/03 22:57)
預備prepare
堅持不懈 perseverance
 E
A German study suggests that people who were too optimistic about their future actually faced greater risk of disability or death within 10 years than those pessimists who expected their future to be worse.
The paper, published this March in Psychology and Aging, examined health and welfare surveys from roughly 40,000 Germans between ages 18 and 96. The surveys were conducted every year from 1993 to 2003.
Survey respondents (受访者) were asked to estimate their present and future life satisfaction on a scale of 0 to 10, among other questions.
The researchers found that young adults (age 18 to 39) routinely overestimated their future life satisfaction, while middle-aged adults (age 40 to 64) more accurately predicted how they would feel in the future. Adults of 65 and older, however, were far more likely to underestimate their future life satisfaction. Not only did they feel more satisfied than they thought they would, the older pessimists seemed to suffer a lower ratio (比率) of disability and death for the study period.
“We observed that being too optimistic in predicting a better future than actually observed was associated with a greater risk of disability and a greater risk of death within the following decade,” wrote Frieder R. Lang, a professor at the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg.
Lang and his colleagues believed that people who were pessimistic about their future may be more careful about their actions than people who expected a rosy future.
Seeing a dark future may encourage positive evaluations of the actual self and may contribute to taking improved precautions (预防措施),” the authors wrote.
Surprisingly, compared with those in poor health or who had low incomes, respondents who enjoyed good health or income were associated with expecting a greater decline. Also, the researchers said that higher income was related to a greater risk of disability.
T Pessimism gurantees chances of survival.he authors of the study noted that there were limitations to their conclusions. Illness, medical treatment and personal loss could also have driven health outcomes.
However, the researchers said a pattern was clear. “We found that from early to late adulthood, individuals adapt their expectations of future life satisfaction from optimistic, to accurate, to pessimistic,” the authors concluded.

【題組】68. Pessimism may be positive in some way because it causes people ______.
(A). to fully enjoy their present life
(B). to estimate their contribution accurately
(C). to take measures against potential risks
(D). to value health more highly than wealth
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答案:C
難度:適中
【題組】70. What is the clear conclusion of the study?
(A). Pessimism guarantees chances of survival.
(B). Good financial condition leads to good health.
(C). Medical treatment determines health outcomes.
(D). Expectations of future life satisfaction decline with age.
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答案:D
難度:適中
11. Journalists are not often idealized or romanticized these days. Rather the reverse. They have a corrupted image of lowest-common- denominator tabloid ______, of superficiality and bias.
(A) dogmatism
(B) sensationalism
(C) pessimism
(D) magnetism
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答案:B
難度:困難
10
 【站僕】摩檸Morning:有沒有達人來解釋一下?
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